Increasing human population and technological development has led to increase in fire accidents and hazards. Adverse conditions and physical limitations of human being make fire extinguishing challenging and demanding task. Fire extinguishing is very risky task and it may involve loss of life. Robotics is the emerging solution to protect the surrounding and human lives. Fire extinguishing robot model can be used for extinguishing the fire during fire accidents. It can reduce the errors and limitations faced by the humans during fire extinguishing task. Our designed robot can locate the fire and extinguish fire before it rages out of control. Our proposed robot can efficiently extinguish any kind of fire in a plane geographical location. We propose firefighting scenarios based training system on virtual reality platform. The main objective of this work is to provide information concerning fire incident and how to deal with this critical situation as realistic as possible. The user interacts with our system by means of virtual reality head-mounted display and our custom controller that mimic the fire extinguisher.
Keywords : Virtual Reality, Robot, Raspberry Pi, IoT, Mini Pan Tilt Kit
 A Study on the Disaster Response scenario using Robot Technology 2017 14th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (URAI)  A smart spy robot charged and Controlled by wireless systems  War Field Spying Robot and Fire Extinguisher with Wireless Night Vision Camera.RajshreeNikhare, Prof. S. Raut, Prof. Raman Bondare  Virtual Reality Simulator For Robotics Learning IEEE 9-11 December 2015, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico City Campus, Mexico City  Design of Virtual Reality Robot Based on Android Platform  A Design of Firefighting and Supervising Self-Sufficient Robots  Jung-Hyun Park, Byung- Wook Kim, Dong-Jo Park and Moon-June Kim. A System architecture of wireless communication for fire-fighting robots  Vector Field Path Following for Miniature Air Vehicles  W. R. White, "Vehicle mounted firefighting system.”U.S. Patent No.5, 836,398, November 1998.  Doshay, "Robotic fire protection system," U.S. Patent No. 6,364,026.  Development and Implementation of Arduino Microcontroller Based Dual Mode Fire Extinguishing Robot  https://www.robotix.in/tutorial/auto/motor - driver
This paper presents an IOT based health band which can be used as an emergency rescue measure for human safety. The main objectives are to ensure better health monitoring of human and timely reach of patients to the hospitals. IOT is the emerging trend in the network of physical objects that feature an IP address for internet connectivity, and the communication that occurs between these objects and other Internet-enabled devices. Whenever any unhealthy condition is recognized then this proposed system will send the information to concerned hospitals and relatives. Thus the system will help in saving human lives by ensuring proper health monitoring and data transmission.
Keywords : IOT, Pulse Sensor Cloud Storage, Arduino, GPS and GSM Module, Zigbee
 "Smart Wearable Band for Stress Detection," 2015 5th International Conference on IT Convergence and Security (ICITCS), Kuala Lumpur, 2015, M. Zubair, C. Yoon, H. Kim, J. Kim and J. Kim  "Wearable safety wristband device for elderly health monitoring with fall detect and heart attack alarm," 2017 Third International Conference on Science Technology Engineering & Management  "Smart health band using IoT," 2017 IEEE International Conference on Power, Control, Signals and Instrumentation Engineering (ICPCSI), Chennai, 2017, pp. 1683-1687. S. A. Kokalki, A. R. Mali, P. A. Mundada and R. H. Sontakke
The project presents a seat locator based on availability of seats in Mass rapid transportations. Nowadays, most people use public vehicle instead of personal car due to the rising of gasoline prices and traffic jams. Public company has been developing the system for displaying the position of the passenger vehicle for convenience of customers. However, those systems only indicate the position of the vehicle but not show the availability of seats in the vehicle. Customers will waste time waiting for the next passenger vehicle and cannot manage the time for travel or activities correctly. If customers know both of the position of the passenger vehicle and vacancy of seats, they can use the time to other activities before the passenger vehicle arrives and plan their travel better.
Keywords : Microcontroller, MAX232, IoT
 Cyrel O.Manlises, Jesus M. Martinez Jr., Jackson L.Belenzo, Czarleine K. Perez, and Maria Khristina Theresa A. Postrero,  “Real-Time Integrated CCTV Using Face and Pedestrian Detection Image Processing Algorithm for Automatic Traffic Light Transitions”, School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, Mapua Institute of Technology, 2015  GUAN-CHUN LUH, “FACE DETECTION USING COMBINATION OF SKIN COLOR PIXEL DETECTION AND VIOLA-JONES FACE DETECTOR”, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tatung University, 2014  Suzuki S, Mitsukura Y, Takimoto H, et al. A human tracking mobile-robot with face detection. In: Industrial electronics, IECON’09. 35th annual conference of IEEE, 3–5 November 2009, pp.4217–4222. Porto: IEEE.  Vehicle Seat Vacancy Identification using Image Processing Technique” 978-1-5090- 5210-3/17 ©2017 IEEE, 2017 International Conference on Digital Arts, Media and Technology (ICDAMT) Janewit Wittayaprapakorn; Thongchai Yooyativong
There are lot of musicians interested in playing the guitar or piano, but unable to identify the basic chords. A chord is a combination of two or more musical notes. In order to reproduce a song, a musician requires to know the chords of the song. At present, there are many number of applications that lively identifies and displays musical notes only but they do not detect the chords of a song. Our application provides a solution by using Android Smartphones to analyse sounds emitted from musical instruments, and will objectively detect and display the played chords in real time. Musicians are therefore able to determine their accuracy of chords, by observing the display. Since chords are the basic foundation of songs, the app will be very helpful for all musical instrument players especially beginners as chords will be lively displayed. Therefore our app will be an essential tool for all musicians, especially beginners. The application will be a self-standing platform for beginner musician so that he/she can find chords themselves without any other aid.
Keywords : Android, Chord Recognition, Pitches, Tuning
 J. P. Bello and J. Pickens, “A robust mid-level representation for harmonic content in music signals,” in Proc. ISMIR, pp.304–311, 2005.  K. Lee, “Identifying cover songs from audio using harmonic representation,” in MIREX task on Audio Cover Song Identification, 2006.  A. Sheh and D. P. Ellis, “Chord segmentation and recognition using EM-trained hidden Markov models,” in Proc. ISMIR, pp. 185–191, 2003.  H. Papadopoulos and G. Peeters, “Large-scale study of chord estimation algorithms based on Chroma representation,” in Proc. CBMI, pp. 53-60, 2007.  K. Lee and M. Slaney, “A unified system for chord transcription and key extraction from audio using hidden Markov models,” in Proc. ISMIR, pp. 245-250, 2007.  X. Huang, A. Acero, and H.-W. Hon, “Spoken Language Processing: A Guide to Theory, Algorithm and System Development,” Prentice Hall, 2001.  C. Harte and M. Sandler., “Automatic chord identification using a quantised Chroma gram,” AES Convention, 2005.  https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.bork.dsp.datuna  https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.ovelin.guitartuna  https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.polygonium.basicchords  https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.pragmatic.apps.piano.chord.analyser
The day to day increase in the atmospheric temperature leads to the need for better cooling as well as the energy systems. While considering the case of an automobile for example a car being parked outside in the sun, the temperature will gradually increase and humans cannot afford to be in such high temperatures. So for maintaining the ambient temperature inside the cabin the engine have to be operated just to provide the ambient temperature. Here the system implements an effective system to maintain an ambient temperature inside the cabin even when the engine is turned off. This utilizes the solar power extracted using a solar panel and given a separate storage space to power a system which controls the temperature inside the cabin. It utilizes the TEG (thermo electric generators) to provide the cooling inside the cabin. These TEG modules are given power supply from the solar energy extracted and the operation is controlled by a control circuit. Which senses the temperature inside the cabin continuously and TEG is operated whenever needed.
Keywords : PV System, Air Conditioning System, TEG (Thermo Electric Generators)
 S Rațiu, Laza, V Alexa and V G Cioată , “Practical studies on car air conditioning systems”, Materials Science and Engineering 393, (2018).  I. Dauta, M. Adzriea, M. Irwantoa, P. Ibrahima, M. Fitraa, “Solar Powered Air Conditioning System” Energy Procedia 36 (2013).  Y.P.B.Yeung , K.W.E.Cheng,W.W.Chan,C.YLam,w.f.choi, T.W.NG “Automobile hybrid air conditioning technology” 3rd International Conference on Power Electronics Systems and Applications, 2009.  Law Choon Chuan, Herman Wahid, Leow Pei Ling “A Charge Pump-based Power Conditioning Circuit for Low Powered Thermoelectric Generator (TEG)”10th Asian Control Conference (ASCC) 31 May-3 June 2015.  Hasan U. Zaman, Chowdhury Erfan Shourov, Abdullah Al Mahmood and Noor E Alam Siddique”, Conversion of Wasted Heat Energy into Electrical Energy Using TEG” 2017.
Wireless Power Transfer[WPT] using the magnetic induction technology which could avoid human from the hazardous accident caused due to the using of cables. By the using of MOSFET switches in the inverter, it creates the output with high frequency improves the efficiency of power transfer between the coils. Due to this creation of output with higher frequency the charging of battery will be very fast and efficient. By connecting the solar panel to the supply battery, it will be charged continuously using this panel. This will helps the users for the non-stop driving. These advances make the WPT very attractive to the electric vehicle charging application in both stationary and dynamic charging. By introducing WPT in electric vehicle, the obstacles of charging time, range, and cost can be easily managed. WPT technology is developing rapidly in recent years.
Keywords : Wireless Power Transfer [WPT], MOSFET, Electrical Vehicle
 P Alanson Sample, Student Member, IEEE, David A. Meyer, Student Member, IEEE, and Joshua R. Smith, Member, “IEEE Analysis, Experimental Results, and Range Adaptation of Magnetically Coupled Resonators for Wireless Power Transfer”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 58, No. 2, Feb, 2011.  V. Etacheri, R. Marom, R. Elazari, G. Salitra, and D. Aurbach, “Challenges in the development of advanced Li-ion batteries: A review”, Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 4, No. 9, pp. 3243–3262, 2011.  A. P. Sample, D. A. Meyer, and J. R. Smith, “Analysis, experimental results, and range adaptation of magnetically coupled resonators for wireless power transfer,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 58, No. 2, pp. 544–554, Feb. 2011.  S. J. Gerssen-Gondelach and A. P. C. Faaij, “Performance of batteries for electric vehicles on short and longer term,” J. Power Sour., Vol. 212, pp. 111–129, Aug. 2012.  C. Kainan and Z. Zhengming, “Analysis of the double-layer printed spiral coil for wireless power transfer,” IEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Topics Power Electron, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 114–121, Jul. 2013.  N. Puqi, J. M. Miller, O. C. Onar, and C. P. White, “A compact wireless charging system development,” in Proc. IEEE ECCE, Sep. 2013, pp. 3629–3634.  S.Lukic and Z.Pantic, “Cutting the cord: Static and dynamic inductive wireless charging of electric vehicles,” IEEE Electrific. Mag., Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 57–64, Sep. 2013.  M. Budhia, J. T. Boys, G. A. Covic, and H. Chang-Yu, “Development of a single-sided flux magnetic coupler for electric vehicle IPT charging systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 318–328, Jan. 2013  Z. Yiming, Z. Zhengming, and C. Kainan, “Frequency decrease analysis of resonant wireless power transfer,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 1058–1063, Mar. 2014.
Energy crisis is the most important issue in today’s world. Conventional energy resources are not only limited but also the prime culprit for environmental pollution. Renewable energy resources are getting priorities in the whole world to lessen the dependency on conventional resources. Solar energy is rapidly gaining the focus as an important means of expanding renewable energy uses. Solar cells those convert sun’s energy into electrical energy are costly and inefficient. Different mechanisms are applied to increase the efficiency of the solar cell to reduce the cost. Solar tracking system is the most appropriate technology to enhance the efficiency of the solar cells by tracking the sun. A microcontroller based design methodology of an automatic solar tracker is presented in this paper. Light dependent resistors are used as the sensors of the solar tracker. The designed tracker has precise control mechanism which will provide three ways of controlling system. A small prototype of solar tracking system is also constructed to implement the design methodology presented here.
Keywords : Solar Tracking System, Solar Energy, Solar Panel
 International Energy Agency.[Online]. Available http://www.iea.org/Textbase/nppdf/free/2009/key_stats_2009.pdf  M. A. Green, “Clean Electricity from Photovoltaics,” Ed. Mary D. Archer and R. Hill, Series on Photoconversion of Solar Energy, V. 1, Imperial College Press, UK.  M.A. Panait and T Tudorache, “A Simple Neural Network Solar Tracker for Optimizing Conversion Efficiency in Off-Grid Solar Generator” Intl. Conf. on Renewable Energy and Power quality, no. 278, March, 2008.  Piao, Z.G. Park, J. M. Kim, J. H. Cho, G. B. Baek, H. L, “ A study on the tracking photovoltaic system by program type,” Intl. Conf. on Electrical Machines and Systems, vol. 2, pp. 971-973, Sept. 27-29, 2005.  C. Hua and C. Shen, “Comparative study of peak power tracking techniques for solar storage system,’’ Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, vol. 2, pp. 679-685, Feb. 15-19, 1998.  A. K. Saxena and V. Dutta, “A versatile microprocessor based controller for solar tracking,’’ Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, vol. 2, pp. 1105-1109, 1990.  B. Koyuncu and K. Balasubramanian, “A microprocessor controlled automatic sun tracker,’’ IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 913-917, 1991.  O. Bingol, A. Altinta, and Y. Oner, “Microcontroller based solartracking system and its implementation,” Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol. 12, pp. 243–248, 2006.  M. F. Khan and R. L. Ali, “Automatic sun tracking system,” All Pakistan Engineering Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2005.  R. U. Rahman, D. I. Ahmed, M. A. Fahmi, T. Tasnuva, M. F. Khan, “Performance Enhancement of PV solar system by Diffused Reflection,” Intl. Conf. on the Developments in Renewable Energy Technology, pp. 96-99, December, 2009.  WATTSUNTM SOLAR TRACKER RETAIL PRICE AND DATA SHEET. [Online]. Available: http://www.wattsun.com/prices.html  “7805’’ datasheet. [Online]. Available: http://www.electrokits.com/ Datasheets/ 7805-Datasheet.  “Microcontroller” datasheet. [Online]. Available: http://www.datasheetcatalog.com/datasheets_pdf/A/T/M/E/ATMEGA 32.shtml.  “Photo sensor” datasheet. [Online]. Available: http://www.ladyada.net/learn/sensors/cds.html.  Nanopedia. [Online]. Available: http://nanopedia.case.edu/image/solar.spectrum.jpg
This paper presents monitoring and theft detection in utility line with the help of an IoT module. Since electrical theft is illegal and should be strictly prohibited, so in order to eliminate power theft, the location of power theft is to be known so that appropriate action will be taken on the legal offenders. The circuit consists of ARM microcontroller, LCD, IoT module and Current transformers. So when the theft taken place the preferred module will show a change in their value and this difference will help us to locate the theft.
Keywords : ARM Microcontroller, IoT Module, Current Transformer
 Sagar Patil, Gopal Pawaskar, Kirtikumar Patil. 2013. “Electrical Power Theft Detection and Wireless Meter Reading” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 4, April 2013.  Kunal D. Patil, Poonam V. Chavan, Ankush A. Gaikwad, Nikhita V. Kapase. 2017. “Power line Fault & Electricity Theft Detection” International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, Vol. 7, Issue No.3, March 2017.  Thiruvalluvan S, Swardheep B, Arunachalam S. 2103. “Power Theft Identification system using Power Line Carrier Communication (PLCC) technique in Distribution system based on Binary Search Algorithm ” International Conference on Computation of Power, Energy, Information and Communication (ICCPEIC-2013), 17th & 18, April 2013.  Prof. Saylee Begampure, Rutuja Gawade, Aditi Yevale, Sonali Bhor. 2017. “Electricity Theft Detection and High Alert Techniques Using PLC” International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 5, Issue 5, May 2017.  Vishnu Singh, Abhishek Fernandes, SantoshYerzeri, Prof. Vidhya.D.S. 2017. “Power Line Communication Based Current Theft with Device Control” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Vol. 04, Issue 05 | May 2017.
ATMs, they're a valuable extension of financial institution, and are viewed by customers as an essential part of consumer banking. Always available, always ready to provide a variety of transactions. Criminal acts against ATMs and their customers have always been a top concern. Additional surveillance cameras, electronic locks and other physical controls have been added to make the ATM a secure place for banking transactions. Over the past few years, criminals use skimming of device that captures the magnetic stripe and keypad information from ATM machines, gas pumps and retail and restaurant checkout devices. They are easily accessible skimming technology available off the Internet. This technology tool are hard to spot. Thus to overcome this attack we use the concept of biometric system. The accuracy of biometrics in identification is increasing its usage extensively. The method proposed in this paper focuses on how the money transaction in an ATM machine will be secured by providing personal identification, by analyzing biometrics like fingerprints and iris patterns which are known for their steadiness and diversity. Use of biometrics provides a paperless banking environment along with the smart ATM access. In this system the samples of the fingerprint and iris along with the registered mobile number of the customer needs to be collected and saved in the database by the banker .The actual operation of the system begins when the customer accesses the ATM to make a money transaction. The fingerprint or iris samples will be captured and matched. The system will distinguish between the real legitimate trait and fake self manufactured synthetic or reconstructed samples by comparing it with the samples saved in the database during enrollment. After finding valid samples the system generates a 6 digit code which is received by the customer on his/her registered mobile number.
Keywords : Biometrics, Fingerprint Matching, Image Quality, Iris Recognition
 Mrs.S.P.Balwir,Ms.K.Katole,Mr.R.D.Thakare,Mr.N.S.Pa nchbudhe,Mr. P.K.Balwir,"Secured ATM transaction system using micro-controller”, International Journal of Advanced Research in computer science and software engineering, Vol.4,Issue 4,April 2014.  Mohsin Karovaliya, Saifali Karedia, Sharad Oza, Dr.D.R.Kalbande, “Enhanced Security for ATM machine with OTP and facial recognition features”,International Conference on Advanced Computing Technologies and Applications (ICATA-2015).  Javier Galbally, Sebastien Marcel and Julian Fierrez, “Image Quality Assessment for Fake Biometric detection Application to Iris, Fingerprint and Face recognition”, IEEE trans.on image processing, vol. 23,No.2 February 2014.  Kriti Sharma, Hinanshu Monga, “Efficient Biometric Iris Recognition Using Hough Transform with Secret Key”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering.Vol.4,Issue 7, July 2014  D.Shelkar Goud,Ishaq Md,P.J.Saritha, “A Secured Approach for Authentication system using fingerprint and iris”, Global journal of Advanced Engineering Technology,Vol,Issue3-2012.  Khatmode Ranjit P, Kulkarni Ramchandra V, “ARM7 Based Smart ATM Acess and Security System Using Fingerprint Recognition and GSM Technology”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Vol.4, Issue 2,Feb. 2014.  Hong, L., Wan, Y., Jain, and A.K.: Fingerprint Image Enhancement: Algorithms and Performance Evaluation. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 20, no. 8 (1998) 777−789.  Lam, L., Lee, S.W., Suen, C.Y.Thinning Methodologies A Comprehensive Survey. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 14, no. 9 (1992) 869−885.  R.P. Wildes (1997). “Iris Recognition: An Emerging Biometric Technology”, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol.85, pp.1348-1363  L.Ma, Y. Wang, and T. Tan (2002). “Iris recognition using circular symmetric filters”, International Conference on Pattern Recognition, vol.2, pp.414-417.  D. Field (1987). “Relations between the statistics of natural images and the response properties of cortical cells”, Journal of the Optical Society of America.  P. Yao, J. Li, X. Ye, Z. Zhuang, and B. Li (2006). “Iris Recognition Algorithm Using Modified Log-Gabor Filters”, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition.  J. Daugman (2004). “How iris recognition works”, IEEETrans. CSVT, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 21 – 30.  A.Arul Lawrence Selvakumar, C.Suresh Ganandhas.” The Evaluation Report of SHA-256 Crypt Analysis Hash Function”2009 International Conference on Communication Software and Networks.
In order to solve the problems caused by the pulsating current ripple of switching-mode power converters, a passive pulsating ripple cancelling circuit (PPRCC) is proposed in this paper. The features of the proposed PPRCC include simple, modular structure, and high degree of design flexibility. By integrating the proposed PPRCC, an input current ripple-free flyback-type converter is adopted and analyzed as an example because of its comprehensive utilization in small power rating commercial products. In addition, the switch voltage spike offlyback converter can be suppressed by integrating the proposed PPRCC without using snubbers, it turns out the efficiency can be further improved. The corresponding operating principle, steady-state analysis, and zero ripple design criteria of the proposed PPRCC are provided. Experimental results show that the resulting peak-to-peak input current ripple is reduced and improved the efficiency can be achieved.
Keywords : Ripple-Free Flyback Converter, Passive Pulsating Ripple Cancelling Circuit (PPRCC)
 M. Choobineh and S. Mohagheghi, “Optimal energy management in an industrial plant using on-site generation and demand scheduling,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 1945-1952, May/Jun. 2016.  B. K. Bose, “Global warming: energy, environment pollution, and the impact of power electronics,” IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine,vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 6-17, Mar. 2010.  J. S. Lai, W. Yu, P. Sun, S. Leslie, B. Arnet, C. Smith, and A. Cogan, “A hybrid-switch-based soft switching inverter for ultrahigh-efficiency traction motor drives,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol.50, no. 3, pp. 1966-1973, May/Jun. 2014.  H. F. Ahmed, H. Cha, S. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, and H. G. Kim, “Wide load range efficiency improvement of a high-power-density bidirectional DC–DC converter using an MR fluid-gap inductor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 3216-3226, Jul./Aug. 2015.  S. Kawaguchi and T. Yachi, “Adaptive power efficiency control by computer power consumption prediction using performance counters,”IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 407-413,Jan./Feb. 2016.  S. Y. Cho, I. O. Lee, J. K. Kim, and G. W. Moon, “A new standby structure based on a forward converter integrated with a phase-shift full bridge converter for server power supplies,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 336-346, Jan. 2013.  C. T. Pan, M. C. Cheng, C. M. Lai, and P. Y. Chen, “Current-ripple-free module integrated converter with more precise maximum power tracking control for PV energy harvesting,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 271-278, Jan./Feb. 2015.  M. C. Cheng and C. T. Pan, “An input current ripple-free flyback-type converter with passive pulsating ripple cancelling circuit,” 2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), Sep. 2015, pp.6336-6343.  C. R. Sullivan, J. J. Awerbuch, and A. M. Latham, “Decrease in photovoltaic power output from ripple: simple general calculation and the effect of partial shading,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 740-747, Feb. 2013.  N. D. Benavides and P. L. Chapman, “Modeling the effect of voltage ripple on the power output of photovoltaic modules,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2638-2643, Jul. 2008.  X. Kong and A. M. Khambadkone, “Analysis and implementation of a high efficiency, interleaved current-fed full bridge converter for fuel cellsystem,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 22, no. 2, pp.543-550, Mar. 2007.  X. Liu and H. Li, “An electrolytic-capacitor-free single-phase high power fuel cell converter with direct double-frequency ripple current control,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 51, no. 1, pp.297-308, Jan./Feb. 2015.
Inverters are widely used in the domestic as well as industrial environments to serve as second line of source in case of power cut form the electricity utility grids. However, due to low capacity of the battery the inverter dies out with the use of heavy load appliances. This project is designed in such a way that it overcomes this limitation using solar energy. Hybrid Inverter with Solar Battery Charging System consists of an inverter powered by a 12V Battery. This inverter generates up to 110V AC with the help of driver circuitry and a heavy load transformer. This battery gets charged from two sources, first being the mains power supply itself. If the mains power supply is available, the relay switches to the connection using mains power supply to supply to the load. This power supply also charges the battery for using it as back up the next time there is power outage. The use of solar panel to charge the battery gives an additional advantage of surplus power in case the power outage of mains is prolonging. Thus, this inverter can last for longer duration’s and provide uninterrupted power supply to the user.
Keywords : Hybrid Inverter, Solar Charger, Battery
 https://nevonprojects.com/hybrid-inverter-with-solar-battery-charging/  Herman K. Trabish, Smart inverter: the secret to integrating distributed energy onto the grid? Accessed on July 17, 2014.  Solar Electric Power Association, How the inverter got “smart” and what that means for the growth of solar. Accessed on July 17, 2014.  Western Electric Industry Leaders, A letter to governors, commissioners and legislators. Accessed on July 17, 2014.
Energy leakage is one of the major problems that the corporation faces in recent times. Bringing this leakage under control is next to impossible with the electrical transmission lines running millions of miles across the country. Only way to solve this problem is to come up with a mechanism that can detect the fault in an electricity transmission line automatically and intimate the authorities with a specific location. Through this project you will develop a device that uses sensors to sense the incoming & outgoing values and detect anomalies. And, the system will be integrated with the IoT mechanism, to intimate the responsible people real time with the location information and scale of leakage with an App.
Keywords : IoT, Energy Leakage, Automatic Fault Detection
 H.Li, G.W.Rosenwald, J.Jung, and C. Liu, “Strategic power infra-structure defense,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 918–933, May 2005.  G. Vidhya Krishnan, R.Nagarajan, T. Durka, M.Kalaiselvi, M.Pushpa and S. Shanmugapriya, "Vehicle Communication System Using Li-Fi Technology," International Journal of Engineering And Computer Science (IJECS), Volume 6, Issue 3, pp. 20651-20657, March 2017.  J.Chandramohan, R.Nagarajan, K.Satheeshkumar, N.Ajithkumar, P.A.Gopinath and S.Ranjithkumar, "Intelligent Smart Home Automation and Security System Using Arduino and Wi-fi," International Journal of Engineering And Computer Science (IJECS), Volume 6, Issue 3, pp. 20694- 20698, March 2017.  V. C. Gungor and F. C. Lambert, “A survey on communication net-works for electric system automation,” Comput. Netw. vol. 50, no.7, pp.877– 897, May 2006.  P. Ramachandran, V. Vittal, and G. T. Heydt, “Mechanical state estimation for overhead transmission lines with level spans,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 908–915, Aug. 2008.  R.Nagarajan and S.Sathishkumar, K.Balasubramani, C.Boobalan, S.Naveen and N.Sridhar. “Chopper Fed Speed Control of DC Motor Using PI Controller,” IOSR- Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IOSR-JEEE), Volume 11, Issue 3, Ver. I, pp. 65-69, May – Jun. 2016.  P. Zhang, F. Li, and N. Bhatt, “Next-generation monitoring, analysis, and control for the future smart control center,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 186–192, Sep. 2010  Vikramsingh R. Parihar, Line Trap and Artificial Intelligence Based Double Circuit Transmission Line Fault Classification, IEEE International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing (ICECDS 2017).  Vikramsingh R. Parihar, Graph Theory Based Approach for Image Segmentation Using Wavelet Transform, International Journal of Image Processing (IJIP), Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 255-277, Sept 2014  Vikramsingh R. Parihar, Heartbeat and Temperature Monitoring System for Remote Patients using Arduino, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS), Volume 4, Issue 5, PP 55-58, May 2017  Vikramsingh R. Parihar, PC Controlled Electrical Line Cutting System, International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing (IJESC), Volume 7, Issue 5, pp 11380-11381, May 2017  Vikramsingh R. Parihar, Overview and an Approach to Develop a Four Quadrant Control System for DC Motors without using Microcontroller, International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing (IJESC), Volume 7, Issue 5, pp 11879-11881, May 2017  Vikramsingh R. Parihar, Image Analysis and Image Mining Techniques: A Review, Journal of Image Processing and Artificial Intelligence (MAT Journals), June 2017  Vikramsingh R. Parihar, Power Transformer Protection using Fuzzy Logic based Controller, International Journal of Engineering Research (IJER), Volume 6, Issue 7, pp 366-370, July 2017
Electrical Vehicles can only be successfully implemented when the constraints regarding limited energy storage units, power of batteries on-board and its limited lifetime are solved. Hybrid and Wireless charging systems for electric vehicles offers an alternative solution towards these problems by reducing the on-board battery size which also extends the electric vehicle range considerably which provides new opportunities for the future of even autonomous electrical vehicles. This review paper gives an overview about the emerging Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) technologies for EV applications. It gives a comparative description of conductive charging and wireless charging which is followed by the study of Static Wireless Charging and Dynamic Wireless Charging. Technical aspects of WPT systems, coil/pad designs and power converters are also reviewed with the implementation of a prototype.
Keywords : Wireless Charging, Electric Vehicle, Roadway Electrification
 J. M. Miller et al., “Demonstrating Dynamic Wireless Charging of an Electric Vehicle: The Benefit of Electrochemical Capacitor Smoothing,” IEEE Power Electron. Mag., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 12–24, Mar. 2014  Zaheer, A., Neath, M., Beh, H. and Covic, G. (2017). A Dynamic EV Charging System for Slow Moving Traffic Applications. IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification, 3(2), pp.354-369.  W. Zhang and C. C. Mi, “Compensation Topologies of High-Power Wireless Power Transfer Systems,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 4768–4778, Jun. 2016.  M. Moghaddami, A. Anzalchi, and A. Sarwat, “Single-Stage Three- Phase AC-AC Matrix Converter for Inductive Power Transfer Systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., pp. 1–1, 2016.  Li, Z., Zhu, C., Jiang, J., Song, K. and Wei, G. (2017). A 3-kW Wireless Power Transfer System for Sightseeing Car Supercapacitor Charge. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 32(5), pp.3301- 3316.  F. Akar, Y. Tavlasoglu and B. Vural, "An Energy Management Strategy for a Concept Battery/Ultracapacitor Electric Vehicle With Improved Battery Life", IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 191-200, 2017. Available: 10.1109/tte.2016.2638640.  Y. Mou, H. Xing, Z. Lin and M. Fu, "Decentralized Optimal Demand-Side Management for PHEV Charging in a Smart Grid", IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 726-736, 2015. Available: 10.1109/tsg.2014.2363096.  R. Tavakoli and Z. Pantic, "Analysis, Design, and Demonstration of a 25-kW Dynamic Wireless Charging System for Roadway Electric Vehicles", IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1378-1393, 2018. Available: 10.1109/jestpe.2017.2761763.  "How Wireless EV Charging Works for Tesla Model S | Plugless Power", Plugless Power, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.pluglesspower.com/learn/wireless-ev-charging-works- tesla-model-s/  "Electric Vehicle Charging Guide | ChargeHub", Chargehub.com, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://chargehub.com/en/electric-car- charging-guide.html.
Rapid changes are happening in the health sector for the patient treatment process. Most of the hospitals now uses automated management systems for managing patient data including their personal and medical data. But sharing of patient data of patients moving across hospitals for better treatment is still a hurdle especially between Govt. Hospitals in Kerala. This research work addresses the problem of the information flow across Govt. hospitals or across individual Hospital Management Systems. This is done by designing a Centralized Hospital Management System. So the main purpose of this design is to fix the information flow problem in hospital shifting of critical patients and hospital shifting of patients with other critical reasons. The proposed system also addresses the convenience of availing the service of expert doctors from nearby hospitals if there is difficulty in shifting patients due to his/ her bad physical conditions.
Keywords : Data Sharing System, Centralized Hospital Management System
 Zhihong Liu, Design and Implementation of Hospital Emergency Nursing Information Management System (Conference Paper), Published in: 2016 International Conference on Smart City and Systems Engineering (ICSCSE).  Lu Ren ; Xiaofei Zhang ; Jingxia Wang ; Siyuan Tang ; Ni Gong, Design of hospital beds center management information system based on HIS(Conference Paper), Published in: 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM).  Qingzhang Chen ; Jie Chen ; Yidong Li ; Fei Xu, Design and implement of performance management system for hospital staff based on BSC(Conference Paper), Published in: 2010 International Conference on Networking and Digital Society.  Baki Koyuncu ; Hakan Koyuncu, Intelligent Hospital Management System (IHMS)(Conference Paper), Intelligent Hospital Management System (IHMS).
In this project, we developed a mathematical model to predict the success and failure of upcoming movies based on several attributes. Some of the attributes in calculating the success of a movie include director, actor, genre, and budget. In this model Data mining process was used to extract patterns and trends which can be beneﬁcial in predicting movies success. The data mining techniques were applied to a movie database, but before the mining techniques could be used, the data went through the cleaning and integration process. Decision tree classifiers are used in this paper to generate decision tree for given inputs containing various attributes. Movie success prediction is also signiﬁcant for the movie watchers who need to know in advance the quality and success rating of a movie.
Keywords : Data Mining, Cleaning, Decision Tree, Attributes
 Javaria ahmad, Prakash Duraisamy, Amr Yousef, Bill Buckles, "movie success prediction using data mining" july 2017  SitaramAsur, Bernardo A. Huberman, "Predicting the Future with Social Media", March 2010.  Ajay Siva, Santosh Reddy, Pratik Kasat, Box-Office Opening Prediction of Movies based on Hype Analysis through Data Mining in International Journal of Computer Applications, Foundation of Computer Science, New York, USA, vol.56, no. 1, October 2012.  Dan Cocuzzo, Stephen Wu ; Hit or Flop: Box Office Prediction for Feature Films; Stanford University , 2013.  Anand Bhave, Himanshu Kulkarni, Vinay Biramane, "Role of Different Factors in Predicting Movie Success", 2015  Nithin VR, Pranav, Sarath Babu PB, Lijiya A" Predicting Movie Success Based on IMDb Data" ,October 2017  Steven Yoo, Robert Kanter, David Cummings; Predicting Movie Revenue from IMDb Data; Stanford University, 2011  Jeffrey Ericson, Jesse Grodman; A Predictor for Movie Success ";Stanford University, 2013.
In this era, a new paradigm has emerged in the field of wireless communications called Internet of Things (IoT). IoT aims at the interconnection of various objects or things around human’s living space. To introduce IoT, thousands of low-power and low cost embedded devices are required. The use of these devices in various applications established the network of intelligent objects. These networks are known as Low-Power Lossy Network (LLN). In addition, routing protocols play a crucial role. To enable IoT into reality, IETF has standardized the IPv6 Routing Protocols for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL).In this paper a survey on RPL is done.
Keywords : RPL, IoT, LLN, Contiki
 Zhao, M., Kumar, A., Chong, P.H.J. and Lu, R., 2017. A comprehensive study of RPL and P2P-RPL routing protocols: Implementation, challenges and opportunities. Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications, 10(5), pp.1232-1256.  Kim, H.S., Ko, J., Culler, D.E. and Paek, J., 2017. Challenging the IPv6 routing protocol for low-power and lossy networks (RPL): A survey. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 19(4), pp.2502-2525  Parsaei, M.R., Parnian, A.R., Rostami, S.M. and Javidan, R., 2017. RPL load balancing in Internet of Things. IIUM Engineering Journal, 18(2), pp.137-150.  Said, O. and Masud, M., 2013. Towards internet of things: Survey and future vision. International Journal of Computer Networks, 5(1), pp.1-17.  Gaddour, O. and Koubâa, A., 2012. RPL in a nutshell: A survey. Computer Networks, 56(14), pp.3163-3178.  Wang, J. and Li, H., 2014. Researching and hardware implementation of rpl routing protocol based on the contiki operating system. International Journal of Future Computer and Communication, 3(6), p.411.  Akif Mufti “Routing Protocol for Low power lossy Network” https://youtu.be./6AP7p0sbro  “Contiki operating system.” [Online]. Available: https://www.contiki-os.org/  Winter, T., Thubert, P., Brandt, A., Hui, J., Kelsey, R., Levis, P., Pister, K., Struik, R., Vasseur, J.P. and Alexander, R., 2012. RPL: IPv6 routing protocol for low-power and lossy networks (No. RFC 6550).
Mobility is one of the greatest challenges faced by elderly and physically challenged people. Solution to their problem is powered wheelchairs with automatic navigation system. This paper presents a wheelchair which can be trained to self-navigate in indoor. The main objectives is to store the indoor paths covered by the chair and reuse it for future navigation. IR sensors are used to overcome obstacles when detected, a digital compass is used to detect the direction of movement of wheelchair. This system has a manual mode for the user to train and save new paths and also for navigation in outdoor. There is also a processing unit which saves the path and which is connected through a wireless communication protocol using zigbee.
Keywords : Arduino, Zigbee, IR sensor
 L. Montesano, J. Minguez, M. Diaz, and S. Bhaskar, “Towards an Intelligent Wheelchair System for Cerebral Palsy Subjects,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 2009  L. Montesano, J. Minguez, and L. Montano, “Lessons learned in integration for sensor-based robot navigation systems,” International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 85–91, 2006  “LARN: implementation of automatic navigation in indoor navigation for physically challenged” Rajesh Kannan Megalingam Ananthakrishnan Ponnileth Rajendran, Deepak Dileepkumar  “LARN: Indoor Navigation for Elderly and Physically Challenged” Rajesh Kannan Megalingam Ananthakrishnan Ponnileth Rajendran, Deepak Dileepkumar  Ahmed Wasif Reza, Tan Kim Geok ;Kaharudin Dimyati ” Tracking via Square Grid of RFID Reader Positioning and Diffusion Algorithm” Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE
This paper presents a shunt active filter based on modular multilevel converter (MMC).The main objective is to eliminate the current harmonics for enriching the power quality. Low output current total harmonic distortion (THD), high modularity, low power device stress etc. can be achieved using MMC. The current controller of shunt active filter is based on DQ reference theory and make use of PWM technique for switching strategy.
Keywords : Modular Multilevel Converter, Shunt Active Power Filter
 Arman Hassanpoor, Staffan Norrga, Alireza Nami, Loss Evaluation for Modular Multilevel Converters with Different Switching Strategies, ICPE 2015-ECCE Asia  Constantin Vlad SURU, Cristina Alexandra PATRASCU, Mihaita LINCA ,The Synchronous Fundamental dq Frame Theory Implementation and Adaptation for the Active Filtering. 2014 International Conference on Applied and Theoretical Electricity (ICATE)  Huan Qiu, Yi Tang, Gary Wilson,A Modular Multilevel Converter-Based Composite Power Quality Compensation System ,2018 13th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA)  Frederico T. Ghetti, André A. Ferreira1, Henrique A.C. Braga and Pedro G. Barbosa,A Study of Shunt Active Power Filter based on Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) 2012 10th IEEE/IAS International Conference on Industry Applications  Samir Kouro, Mariusz Malinowski,K. Gopakumar,Josep Pou,Leopoldo G. Franquelo, BinWu, Jose Rodriguez, Marcelo A. Pérez, and Jose I. Leon, Recent Advances and Industrial Applications of Multilevel Converters 2010
Speech enhancement in degenerate mixtures is a challenging task for the signal processing engineers. Degenerate Unmixing Estimation Technique (DUET) is a commonly used algorithm in speech signal separation. This approach of DUET can be used in auditory training for individuals with hearing loss use their residual hearing maximally and can be implemented in home studio for music recording. The method is valid when sources are W-disjoint orthogonal, that is, when the supports of the windowed Fourier transform of the signals in the mixture are disjoint. For anechoic mixtures of attenuated and delayed sources, the method allows one to estimate the mixing parameters by clustering relative attenuation-delay pairs extracted from the ratios of the time–frequency representations of the mixtures. The estimates of the mixing parameters are then used to partition the time–frequency representation of one mixture to recover the original sources. The technique is valid even in the case when the number of sources is larger than the number of mixtures. The algorithm is coded and implemented using matlab software. The wiener filter is used to enhance the desired speech signal from the original signal in which the noises are present. Weiner filter minimizes the mean square error between the estimated random process and the desired process.
Keywords : Weiner Filter, DUET Blind Source Separation, Anechoic Mixtures and Matlab
 Abrar Hussain, Kalaivani Chellappan and Siti Zamratol M,” Speech Enhancement using Degenerate Unmixing Estimation Technique and Adaptive Noise Cancellation Technique as a Post Signal Processing,” IEEE EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES), 978-1-4673-7791-1/16/$31.00 ©2016 IEEE.  Scott Rickard, “The DUET Blind Source Separation Algorithm”, S. Makino et al. (eds.), Blind Speech Separation, 217–241. © 2007 Springer.  Niall Hurley,Naomi Harte,Conor Fearon and Scott Rickard,” Blind Source Separation of Speech in Hardware”, 0-7803-9333-3/05/$20.00 ©2005 IEEE.  Zhang Wenlu and Peng Hua”, Modified Wiener Filtering Speech Enhancement Algorithm with Phase Spectrum Compensation”, 9th IEEE International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, 978-1-5090-3822-0/17/$31.00 ©2017 IEEE.
The Internet has played an important role in our daily life. The foremost target of Internet has always been the communication. We can communicate in a fraction of second with a person who is sitting in the other part of the world. Today for better communication, e-mail and other facilities are available also, we can chat for hours with our friends who are live anywhere in the world. Such services of Internet which provide to establish a kind of global friendship where you can explore other cultures of different countries. The information is biggest advantage offered by internet ie, Internet is a virtual treasure of information. Now a days Internet achieve a drastic changes in communication as well as the industrial area. In recent years, Internet is also used for controlling the industrial machines like motors cranes and other devices which placed remotely. There are several methods available for controlling speed of DC motor depending on its industrial as well as the domestic applications. This paper includes three type methods for controlling the speed of DC motor by using an android phone. The methods are as follows; (i): Speed control of dc motor using SMS application, (ii): Speed control of dc motor by voice recognition via Bluetooth and (iii): Speed control of dc motor via Internet. Among the above method, the third one is the introduced system ie Speed control of DC motor Via Internet. In this system, the industrial machines like cranes, traction motors can be controlled remotely by just scrolling the widget in the android smart phone. This gives enough opportunities for physically challenged people to operate industrial machines more easily and safely. This system is simple, cost effective and digital. By using this system we can control any machine from anywhere on the world.
Keywords : Smart Phone, Internet, Traction Motors
 V. J. Sivanagappa, K. Haribalan “Speed control of DC motor via Internet for Traction Applications 2016 IEEE.  Nader Barsoum, Izam Faizan Bin Moidi, “DC Motor Speed Control Using SMS Application” © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.  B.Gokul1, K.Karthi2, A.Thiyagaseelan3, V.Santhosh Kumar4, “Android Based Closed Loop Speed Control of Dc Motor Using Voice Recognition via Bluetooth” International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, March 2016.  Online:http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/127788/7/D-c-Website of the ARDUINO UNO.  Yusuf Abdullahi Badamasi, “The working principle of an Arduino”, the 1st 11th International Conference on Electronics, Computer and Computation (ICECCO) pp.1 - 4, 2014.  Online:http://www.mouser.com/catalog/specsheets/EthernetShield.pdf Website of the Ethernet Shield.
Forest Fires are one of the most important and prevalent type of disasters and they can create a great deal of Environmental Impacts due to which their early detection is very vital. The scope of application of Satellite Detection Systems is also restricted by a number of factors, which reduces its effectiveness in Forest Fire Detection. Due to the demerits in Satellite-based Detection Systems, Wireless Sensor Network Technology was used to detect Forest Fires and send the information to the computers in the Monitoring Centers. The collected data will be analyzed and managed by the Computer. Compared with the normal meteorological information and basic forest resource data, the system can make a quick assessment of a potential fire danger. The main need for choosing this particular application for the detection of forest fires is to overcome the demerits present in the existing technologies of MODIS and Basic Wireless Sensor Network-based Forest Fire Detection Systems and an advanced system is developed for the detection of forest fires. The outcome of the above implementations reveal that various sensors used in addition to the temperature sensor improves security level for areas located near the forests. It also shows that the Optimized Solar Energy Harvester increases the efficiency to about 85 % and the use of PC-based Web Server reduces the bulkiness and cost of the entire system.
Keywords : Forest Fires, Zigbee, Wireless Sensor Networks
 N. Han, J. Kan, W. Li and J. Zhang, (2008) “Forest Fire Detection System Based on a Zigbee Wireless Sensor Network”, pp. 369-374. Higher Education Press; co-published with Springer-Verlag GmbH.  S.J. Hook and G.C. Hulley, (2011) “Generating Consistent Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Products Between ASTER and MODIS Data for Earth Science Research”, Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 49, Issue 4, pp.1304-1315  A. Fu, Z. Guo, G. Sun and D. Wang, (2010) “Forest Cover Classification with MODIS images in Northeastern Asia”, IEEE J. Select. Topics Appl. Earth Obs. Remote Sens., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 178-189.  D. Grimaldi, R. Rak and L. Skrzypczak, (2009) “Basic Characteristics of Zigbee and SimpliciTI Modules to use in measurement systems”, XIX IMEKO World Congress, Fundamental and Applied Metrology, pp. 1456-1460.  L. Jiang, H. Pang, L. Yang and K. Yue, (2010) “Design and Implementation of the Lab Remote Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web Technology”, International Forum on Information Technology and Applications, pp.172-175.  Chan-jiang Yao, Xiao-hu Chen, Xu-Ping Wang, Youg-tao Zhou, (2008) “Design of Equipment Remote Monitoring System Based on Embedded Web”, IEEE, pp. 73-78.  M. Fukuda, H. Hayasaka, K. Kimura, K. Kushida, K. Nakau and H. Tani, (2006) “Forest fire detection based on MODIS satellite imagery, and comparison of NOAA satellite imagery with fire fighters‘ information”, IARC/JAXA Terrestrial Team Workshop, pp.18 - 23.  R. Faranda and S. Leva, (2008) “Energy Comparison of MPPT Techniques for PV Systems”, WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, vol.3, Issue 6, pp.446-455.