- For Authors
- For Reviewers
The disease is curable if it is detected in early stage . Breast cancer is a malignant tumour that starts in the cells of breast, which is group of cancer cells that grow into surrounding tissues. Breast cancer occurs in human and other mammals also . Mammography is reliable tool for detection breast cancer before clinical symptoms appears in digital mammography which is currently considered as a standard method for breast cancer diagnosis. Various types of features are extracted from digital mammogram like position features, shape features and texture features etc . Feature extraction of an image is important in tumour classification . In proposed method the suspected region is identified using various features as above and segments it into suspected regions and then classifies them into normal and abnormal regions . Seed point detection algorithm used for segmentation followed by region growing using pixel aggregation and Sigm function used to enhance an image . An efficient technique is proposed for early detection of tumour which uses decomposition property of wavelet transform and is subjected to statistical analysis which involves skewness and kurtosis of decomposed image. These helps to determine the depth of tumour.
Keywords : Digital Mammography, DWT, Skewness, Kurtosis
 Detection of microcalcification in digital mammogram, Mr. K. Sambasiva, Ms. T. Renushya Pale, Mr. G. Nagarjuna Reddy ISSN NO: 2454-1958 Volume 1: Issue 1 April 2015, page no 4-7.  Detection of Breast Cancer using Artificial Neural Network by Anu Alias, B.Paulchamy, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization) Vol. 3, Issue 3, March 2014, Page No- 10053-10057.  Analyzing The Surface Morphology of Colorectal Polyps: Differential Geometry and Pit Pattern Prediction, Jingjing Zhang1, Stephen J. McKenna1, 2014.  T. Venkat Narayana Rao, A. Govardhan, Classical and novel diagnosis techniques for early breast cancer detection- A comparative approach, International Journal of Engineering Mathematics and Computer 3: 11 (2014), p. 12 – 16.  Tumour Segmentation From MRI By Learning Via One-Class Support Vector Machine; Jianguo Zhang,Kai-Kuang Ma*, MengHwaEr (IEEE) 2014[1-4].  Breast Tumour Segmentation and Classification Using Svm and Bayesian from Thermogram Images Dinsha D1*, Manikandaprabu N2, 2014.  Moon WK, Shen YW, Bae MS, Computer aidedTumour detection based on multiscale blob detection algorithm in automated breast ultrasound images,IEEE transactions on medical imaging, 2013; 32(7) [1-3].  Ada¹, Rajneet Kaur², Early Detection and Prediction of Lung Cancer Survival using Neural Network Classifier, international journal of application Volume 2, Issue 6, June 2013 p. 375.  Mussarat Yasmin, Muhammad Sharif and Sajjad Mohsin, Survey Paper on Diagnosis of Breast Cancer Using Image Processing Techniques, Research Journal of Recent Sciences Vol. 2(10), October (2013) p. 88-98.  Moh’d Rasoul, A. Al-Hadidi, Mohammed Y. Al-Gawagzeh and Bayan A. Alsaaidah, solving mammography problems of breast cancer detection using artificial neural networks and image processing techniques, Indian Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 5 No. 4 (Apr 2012), p.2520-2527.  http://www.indiancancersociety.org  http://www.novantmedicalgroup.org [accessed 15th June 2011].  National Cancer Institute [online] (2011) Available from: http://www.cancer.gov [accessed 15 June 2011].  www.mammoimage.org
The goal of this paper is to present the details to develop a home made air conditioning system with the help of table fan. Use of air conditioning is increasing day by day by which the environment is affected. In order to reduce the bad effect of conventional air conditioning system, it is required to develop an air conditioning system ecofriendly. This article shows that how can we develop an air conditioning system with the help of table fan and other related equipments. This paper will be beneficial for young researchers working in this area and this technique opens the door for further investigation for improving the quality of this type of air conditioning system.
Keywords : Air Condition, Copper Tubing, Insulation, Table fan
 CBC News Online. INDEPTH: Summer Sense – Heat Waves. http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/summersense/. August 2015.  Milburn, Geoffrey. Homebrew AC. http://www.eng.uwaterloo.ca/~gmilburn/ac/. August 2015.
Under-running of passenger vehicles is one of the important parameters to be considered during design and development of truck chassis. "Rear under run protection device (RUPD)" is used to offer safety in case of rear impact and rear under-running of the passenger vehicles to the heavy and medium duty trucks. As per ECE regulation 58 RUPD is statically analyzed but we have performed its dynamic analysis in order to have the knowledge of the damage caused by rear impact in real life situation. Here we have suggested a modification in existing RUPD design. Maximum deflection and stresses in both existing and modified design are compared using FEA in LS-Dyna. Comparison clearly shows the necessity of improving the design.
Keywords : RUPD, Hypermesh ,LS-Dyna ,Dynamic, Impact analysis
Basic  IS 14812 (2005): Automotive Vehicles - Rear Underrun Protective Device - General Requirements [TED 6: Automotive Body, Chassis, Accessories and Garage Equipments]  Mr. George Joseph, Mr. Dhananjay,Shinde, Mr. Gajendra Patil(2013) Design and Optimization of the Rear Under-.Run Protection Device Using LS-DYNA, International Journal Of Engineering Research And Applications (IJERA).vol. 3 pp.152-162.  Sumit Sharma and others (2015) Finite Element Analysis of Rear Under-run Protection Device (RUPD) With Sequential Loadings and Strain Mapping Method in Radioss. Website References  www.grabcad.com
Stereo-lithography is a distinctive form of technology which permits for the translation of computer aided design illustration to3D solid items within hours. In Stereo-lithography melted plastic is solidified in particular patterns by laser beam consequential in solid epoxy realization of a 3D project. This ultraviolet laser beam is directed by CAD data. Parts created using Stereo Lithography must be demonstrated through the use of CAD system, such as ANSYS, AUTOCAD, IDEAS; Pro.-Engineer/PTC CREO etc. The CAD files are kept in STL format which expresses the boundary surface of the object as mesh of connected triangles.
Keywords : Stereo-lithography, 3D, CAD, Laser
 Amit J. Lopes, Eric MacDonald, and Ryan Wicker :- “Integrating Stereo lithography and Direct Print Technologies for 3D Structural Electronics Fabrication” The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA  Alok Kataria and David W. Rosen :- “BUILDING AROUND INSERTS: METHODS FOR FABRICATING COMPLEX DEVICES IN STEREOLITHOGRAPHY” The George W.Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332-0405  P. N. Rao - Manufacturing Technologies ,MC Graw Hill  www.stereolithography.com  www.thomasnet.com  www.indiamart.com
This paper deals with the implementation of power line network in the field of electricity billing. In present scenario the power line communication is one of the economical ways of communication of data. Even though there are new methods of wireless communication methods, practically it is very much time consuming to install such a system, and also it is highly cost consuming method .But the power lines which already exist and connect every household in a particular area is more advantageous as it does not require any new installation or erection for establishment of communication channel, and thus it is not a time consuming one. One biggest advantage of this system is that it can be readily implemented, unlike the other modern methods. The power line network can also be used for creating emergency response networks. This project eliminates the need for employing EB meter readers and this set of employees can be used elsewhere. The long queues in the billing counter can be avoided by implementing this model. Also the control of the system is fully automated by this technique. The most important feature in this system is the use of digital meters consisting of micro controllers and real time clock, thus eliminating the loss of meter data during power failure. . This paper makes the Indians to use the “Electricity” in an efficient way by introducing “Pre-paid electricity billing system” which alters a bit of our existing system .As our current system has a post paid billing system i.e., we have to pay our electricity bill based on our consumption. This post paid system doesn’t create any awareness to the customer though the electricity bill makes them shock and there is also a possibility of power theft, in addition to that we need a person from Electricity board to take reading at every month, for the payment of bill we have to stand in a queue and another way of payment is through online but it doesn’t reach more. In the Pre-paid system each house is incorporated with pre-paid card holder where each customer is provided with a smart card based on his need one have to recharge it which is similar to mobile recharge. This system creates a general awareness toutilize the power in an efficient manner. Thus in the Pre-paid system we have to monitor the number of units consumed by each customer by using power line carriermodem where transmission and reception of data occur in our existing power line and a modified Automatic meter reading .
Keywords : PLCC,ATMEGA 16,ULN 2003,MCT 2E
 A. Ipakchi and F. Albuyeh, “Grid of the future,” IEEE Power & Energy Mag., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 52–62, Mar./Apr. 2009.  Y. Yan, Y. Qian, H. Sharif, and D. Tipper, “A survey on smart grid communication infrastructures: Motivations, requirements and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 5–20, Feb. 2013.  S. Galli, A. Scaglione, and Z. Wang, “For the grid and through the grid: The role of power line communications in the smart grid,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 998–1027, Jun. 2011.  HomePlug AV Specification, Version 1.1. HomePlug Powerline Alliance, May 2007.  Draft Standard for Broadband Over Power Line Networks: Medium Access Control and Physical Layer Specifications, IEEE P1901/D4.01, pp. 1–1589, Dec. 31, 2010 [Online]. Available: http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/1901/index.html  M. Antoniali, A. Tonello, M. Lenardon, and A. Qualizza, “Measurements and analysis of PLC channels in a cruise ship,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Power Line Communication. Appl. (ISPLC), Apr. 2011, pp. 102–107.  S. Galli and O. Logvinov, “Recent developments in the standardization of power line communications within the IEEE,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 64–71, Jul. 2008.  D. Anastasiadou and T. Antonakopoulos, “Multipath characterization of indoor power-line networks,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 90–99, Jan. 2005.  M. Zimmermann and K. Dostert, “A multipath model for the power line channel,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 553–559, Apr. 2002.  M. Zimmermann and K. Dostert, “Analysis and modeling of impulsive noise in broad-band powerline communications,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 249–258, Feb. 2002.  G. Bumiller, L. Lampe, and H. Hrasnica, “Power line communication networks for large-scale control and automation systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 106–113, Mar. 2010.  X. Cheng, R. Cao, and L. Yang, “On the system capacity of relay aided power line communications,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Power Line Commun. Appl. (ISPLC), Apr. 2011, pp. 170–175.  X. Cheng, R. Cao, and L. Yang, “Relay-aided amplify-and-forward power line communications,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 265–272, Mar. 2013.  B. Tan and J. Thompson, “Relay transmission protocols for in-door power line Communications networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. Workshops (ICC), Jun. 2011, pp. 1–5.  M. Biagi, S. Greco, and L. Lampe, “Location assisted routing techniques for power line communication in smart grids,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Smart Grid Commun. (SmartGridComm), Oct. 2010, pp. 274–278.  M. Biagi, S. Greco, and L. Lampe, “Neighbourhood-knowledge based GEO-routing in PLC,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Power Line Commun. Appl. (ISPLC), Mar. 2012, pp. 7–12.  V. B. Balakirsky and A. J. H. Vinck, “Potential performance of PLC systems composed of several communication links,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Power Line Commun. Appl., Apr. 2005, pp. 12–16.  A. Sarafi, A. Voulkidis, and P. Cottis, “Optimal TDMA scheduling in tree based power-line communication networks,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 2189–2196, Oct. 2014.  L. Lampe and A. Vinck, “Cooperative multihop power line communications,” in Proc. 16th IEEE Int. Symp. Power Line Commun. Appl. (ISPLC), Mar. 2012, pp. 1–6.  I. Rubin, Y.-Y. Lin, and D. Kofman, “Relay-aided networking for power line communications,” in Proc. Inf. Theory Appl. Workshop (ITA), Feb. 2014, pp. 1–6.  E. Liu, Y. Gao, G. Samdani, O. Mukhtar, and T. Korhonen, “Broadband power line channel and capacity analysis,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Power Line Commun. Appl. (ISPLC), Apr. 2005, pp. 7–11.  I. Rubin, A. Baiocchi, F. Cuomo, and P. Salvo, “GPS aided inter-vehicular wireless networking,” in Proc. Inf. Theory Appl. Workshop (ITA), Feb. 2013, pp. 1–9.
There has been a growing emphasis on conservation and protecting the environment. In electrical engineering, power consumption often refers to the electrical energy over time supplied to operate an electrical appliance. We are scheduling the power using GSM technology by introducing three modes of operationlike full power mode, custom and limited mode.
Keywords : Using wireless GSM technique
 Rajesh V. Sakhare, and B. T. Deshmukh, “Wireless Effective Energy Management by Using Zigbee,” International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), vol. 1, no. 7, September 2012.  Chia-Hung Lien, Ying-Wen Bai, Hsien-Chung Chen, and Chi-Huang Hung, "Home appliance energy monitoring and controlling based on Power Line Communication," International Conference on Consume R Electronics, Jan. 2009, pp. 1-2.  J. Byun, I. Hong, and S. Park, “Intelligent cloud home energy management system using household appliance priority based scheduling based on prediction of renewable energy capability,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 1194–1201, Nov. 2012.  J. Han, C. S. Choi, and I. Lee, “More efficient home energy management system based on ZigBee communication and infrared remote controls,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 85–89, Feb. 2011.  M. Kuzlu, M. Pipattanasomporn, and S. Rahman, “Hardware demonstration of a home energy management system for demand response applications,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 1704–1711, Dec. 2012.  M. Pipattanasomporn, M. Kuzlu, and S. Rahman, “An algorithm for intelligent home energy management and demand response analysis,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 2166–2173, Dec. 2012.  Yu-Ping Tsou, Jun-Wei Hsieh, Cheng-Ting Lin, Chun-Yu Chen, "Building a Remote Supervisory Control Network System for Smart Home Applications," 2006 IEEE International Conference  Raghavendra Nagesh D Y, Vamshi Krishna J V, Tulasiram S S “A Real-Time Architecture for Smart Energy Management” Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2008 Vol I WCE 2008, July 2 - 4, 2008, London, U.K. ISBN: 978-988-98671-9-5  Mrs. Mahalakshmi N, Mr.Krishnaiah Pararnesh and Ms. Elavarasi E "Design of an Intelligent SMS Based Remote Metering System for AC Power Distribution to HT and EHT Consumers", International Journal Of Computational Engineering Research.
This present research paper describes the application of Differential Quadrature Method (DQM) for getting the computational solution of singularly perturbed two point boundary value problems with varied condition in this method the concept based on the approximation of the derivatives of the unknown functions involved in the differential equations at the grid point of the solution domain. It is a significant discretization technique in solving initial and /or boundary value problems precisely using a considerably small number of mesh points. To test the applicability of the method we have solved several related model problems and presented the computational results. The computed results have been compared with the exact/approximate solution to exhibit the accuracy and efficiency of the developed technique.
Keywords : Differential Quadrature method; perturbation parameter, Singular perturbation; Ordinary differential equation, Boundary layer, Two –point boundary value problem, Deviating parameter
 Bender.C.M, Orszag.S.A Steven, Advanced Mathematical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Asymptotic Methods and Perturbation Theory, Springer, 2008.  Bellman, R., Kashef B.G and Casti, J 1972. Differential Quadrature: A technique for the rapid solution of nonlinear partial differential euations. Journal of Computational Physics,10: 40-52.  Dorr, F.W., The numerical solution of singular perturbations of boundary value problems, SIAM J. Num. Anal., 7(1970), 281-311.  A. M. Il’in (1969), ‘A difference scheme for a differential equation with a small Parameter multiplying the highest derivative’, Mat. Zametki 6, 237–248. Equations’, Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg. 190, 757–781.  Introduction to singular Perturbation problems by Robert E.O’s Malley,Jr, Academic press.  Dorr,F.W., Parter,S.V., and Sampine, L. F. 1973. Application, of maximum principle to singular perturbation problem SIAM review, 5: 43-88.  Du, H. and Lin, M.K. 1995 Application of differential Quadrature oto vibration analysis. Journal of Sound and Vibration 181:275-293.  Mikhail Shashkov (2005) ‘Conservative finite difference methods on General grids ‘, CRS Press (Tokyo).  Smith, G.D, ‘Partial Differential equations‘, Oxford Press.  Kevorkian .J and Cole, J. D. 1981. “Perturbation Method in Applied Mathematics”. Springer, New York.  N. Srinivasacharyulu, K. Sharath babu (2008) , ‘Computational method to solve steady-state convection-diffusion problem’ , International Journal of Mathematics, Computer Sciences and Information Technology, Vol. 1 No. 1-2, January-December 2008,pp.245-254.  M. Stynes and L. Tobiska (1998), ‘A finite difference analysis of a streamline diffusion method on a Shishkin meshes’, Numer. Algorithms 18, 337-360.  Shashkov, Mikhail Ju , Conservative Finite-Difference Methods on General Grids.Crc Press, New York.  Shih,Y.T and Elman,H.C(2000), ‘Iterative methods for stabilized descrete Convection- diffusion problems’, IMAJ. Numer. Anal.20, 333-358.
Indoor positioning systems have received increasing attention for supporting location-based services in indoor environments. Indoor localization technologies address the inadequacy of global positioning system inside a closed environment, like buildings. GPS does not perform well in urban canyons, close to walls, buildings, trees, indoors, and in underground environments as the signal from the GPS satellites is too weak to come across most buildings thus making GPS ineffective for indoor localization Although there are many radio based technologies that can be used for indoor positioning, WiFi-based indoor localization has been attractive due to its open access and no overhead cost properties. Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) has been adopted in vast indoor localization systems. However, it suffers from dramatic performance degradation in complex situations due to multipath fading and temporal dynamics. The distance estimation based on received signal strength indicator (RSSI) is easily affected by the temporal and spatial variance due to the multipath effect, which contributes to most of the estimation errors in current systems. Channel state information is detail Channel response at subcarrier level. CSI explore the frequency diversity of the subcarriers in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems. A novel approach is proposed to utilise Chanel state information to build propagation model and a fingerprinting system at the receiver.
Keywords : GPS, Localisation, OFDM, RSSI, WiFi
 C. di Flora and M. Ficco, “Indoor and outdoor location based services for portable wireless devices,” … Work. 2005. 25th …, 2005.  Y. Liu, Z. Yang, X. Wang, and L. Jian, “Location, Localization, and Localizability,” J. Comput. Sci. Technol., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 274–297, Mar. 2010.  V. Honkavirta and T. Perala, “A comparative survey of WLAN location fingerprinting methods,” IEEE WPNC 2009. …, vol. 2009, pp. 243–251, 2009.  Y. Gu, A. Lo, S. Member, and I. Niemegeers, “A Survey of Indoor Positioning Systems for Wireless Personal Networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 13–32, 2009.  Z. Farid, R. Nordin, and M. Ismail, “Recent Advances in Wireless Indoor Localization Techniques and System,” J. Comput. Networks Commun., vol. 2013, pp. 1–12, 2013.  D. Halperin, W. Hu, A. Sheth, and D. Wetherall, “Tool release: gathering 802.11 n traces with channel state information,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. …, vol. 41, no. 1, p. 2011, 2011.  L. Hanzo and J. Akhtman, “MIMO-OFDM for LTE, Wi-Fi and WiMAX,” A John Wiley Sons, …, 2011.  C. Beder and M. Klepal, “Fingerprinting based localisation revisited,” … indoor Position. indoor Navig., no. November, pp. 13–15, 2012.  M. Youssef and A. Agrawala, “The Horus WLAN Location Determination System Wireless Channel Characteristics,” ACM, pp. 205–218, 2005.  A. Siddig, A. Makki, and C. Bleakley, “Lighthouse: Precise 802.11-based localization,” Indoor Position. Indoor …, no. October, pp. 28–31, 2013.  D. Halperin, W. Hu, A. Sheth, and D. Wetherall, “Predictable 802.11 packet delivery from wireless channel measurements,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. …, pp. 1–12, 2011.  G. Lui, T. Gallagher, B. Li, A. G. Dempster, and C. Rizos, “Differences in RSSI Readings Made by Different Wi- Fi Chipsets : A Limitation of WLAN Localization,” pp. 53–57, 2011.  K. Heurtefeux, “Is RSSI a good choice for localization in Wireless Sensor Network ?,” 2012.  W. Paper, “802. 11n : Next-Generation Wireless LAN Technology,” Technology, no. April, 2006.  IEEE, “IEEE Standard for Information technology--Telecommunications and information exchange between systems Local and metropolitan area networks--Specific requirements Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications,” IEEE Std 802.11-2012 (Revision of IEEE Std 802.11-2007), vol. 2012, no. March. p. 2793, 2012.  P. Bahl and V. N. Padmanabhan, “RADAR: an in-building RF-based user location and tracking system,” Proc. IEEE INFOCOM 2000. Conf. Comput. Commun. Ninet. Annu. Jt. Conf. IEEE Comput. Commun. Soc. (Cat. No.00CH37064), vol. 2, pp. 775–784.  X. Liu, W. Hu, Q. Pu, F. Wu, and Y. Zhang, “Parcast: soft video delivery in mimo-ofdm wlans,” Proc. 18th Annu. …, pp. 233–244, 2012
This paper presents the mitigation of voltage sag and swells in Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC). The DPFC is the next generation of Unified Power-Flow Controller (UPFC). The DPFC can be considered as a UPFC with an eliminated common dc link. The active power exchange between the shunt and series converters, which is through the common dc link in the UPFC, is now done through the transmission lines. In DPFC many single phase converters are used instead of one three phase converter. The cost of the DPFC system is lower. Here, the capability of DPFC is observed for the transmission line based on Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). Based on the performance, we can say that ant colony optimization based DPFC gives better compensation than other Controller based DPFC. Matlab/Simulink is used to create the Ant Colony Optimization and FLC and to simulate DPFC model.
Keywords : ACO, Mitigation, Shunt converter, series converter, DPFC
 N.G.Hingorani and L.Gyugyi, “Understanding FACTS, Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems”. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press 2000.  L. Gyugyi, C. D. Schauder, S. L. Williams, T. R.Rietman, D. R. Torgerson,and A. Edris. “The unified power flow controller: a new approach to power transmission control”. Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, 1995.  Y. H. Song and A. Johns. Flexible ac transmission systems (FACTS). Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1999.  Ahmad Jamshidi ,S.Masoud Barakati and Mohammad Moradi Ghahderijani” " Power quality improvement and Mitigation case study using Distributed Power Flow Controller” ,IEEE Transactions on,2012.  Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan and Braham Frreira “DPFC control during shunt converter failure” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics 2009.  R. Zhang, M. Cardinal, P. Szczesny and M. Dame. “A grid simulator with control of single-phase power converters in D.Q rotating frame”, Power Electronics Specialists Conference, IEEE 2002.  Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan, Braham Frreira and Dalibor Cevoric “A FACTS Device: Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC)” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics, vol.25, no.10, October 2010.
Most of the area in the vidharba region of Maharashtra are occupy by various crop like, sugarcane, soyabine, peageon pee, check pee etc. But out of them cotton is a major crop of vidharba because of the good soil condition. The area covered by this crop is around 60% of total crop production. Generally, the farmer of vidharba region was burnt the cotton plant after picking of cotton. Because the cost of uprooting and collegting as well as store and transporting is not affordable to normal farmer. So for that reason the farmer is not gaining proper value of this good biomass. Due to non-availability of the small adjustable and affordable machine. The biomass colegedyed from one hector is around 6 tons in all over vidharba region the biomass available only due to cotton is around 15.9 Millan M.t. We are wasted this all biomass through burning. In this present work we are focused on this issue to solve this problem by applying simple cost effective soliton. In the present research work we are studied varies machine available in India and Abroad those are used for this kind of operation, we are determining the drawback of this machine for the Indian farm and also regarding cost what is effect on the productivity of vidharba farmer.
Keywords : sugarcane, crop, uprooting, peageonpee
 A Cylindrical Chopper with Crusher for Water Hyacinth Volume and Biomass Reduction Shailendra M. Mathur,And P. Singh . J. Aquat. Plant Manage. 42: 95-99  A study on the chopping and mixing of cotton stalkswith soil Cevdet Sa_lam1, Ferda Kaplan1 and Refik Polat, African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 9(30), pp. 4764-4775, 26 July, 2010 ISSN 1684–5315  Maximum air velocity straw chopper(MAV)Redekop Box178A ,RR#Hwy16west Saskatoon,SK Canada S7K3J7  Technical mission on cotton TMC MM-1 annual report2009-2010  Evaluation Report 200, Evaluation Report No. E0180A Printed: May, 1981, Tested at: Portage La Prairie ISSN 0383-3445  Hi-SpeedCotton StalkPuller/ChopperSPC-4/SPC-61st Edition Hi-Speed Cotton Stalk Puller/Choppers are manufactured by Amadas Industries.www.amadas.com]P.O. Box 1833 / Suffolk, VA 23431100 Holland Road / Suffolk, VA 23434(shipping)(757) 539-0231 (phone)
Agriculture residues are the materials left in an agricultural field or orchard after the crop has been harvested. The residue can be ploughed directly into the ground, or burned. The agriculture residues are abundantly available in the tropical country India. The assessment of agriculture residues is required to develop a suitable energy conversion technology. This paper deals with the discussion of different methods to assess agriculture residues. The methods used for the assessment of the agriculture residues are direct survey at source, direct survey at consumption, using grain production correlation, crop plantation area correlation and GIS. The survey method gives the better result but it is expensive and time consuming. The grain production correlation is the better method for assessment of the agriculture residues.
Keywords : Biomass, Agriculture residue, Assessment, GIS, Grain
 NCAER. Domestic fuel survey with specific reference to Kerosene, vols. I & II. New Delhi: National Council for Applied Economic Research; 1995.  Singh R and Andri D. S. "Biomass energy policies and strategies: Harvesting potential in India and Indonesia." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 22 (2013): 332-345.  World Bioenergy Association, Press Release; June 30, 2015. Stockholm. 〈www.worldbioenergy.org〉  IARI (2012) Crop residues management with conservation agriculture: Potential, constraints and policy needs. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, vii+32 p.  NAAS 2012. “Management of Crop Residues in the Context of Conservation Agriculture”. Policy Paper No. 58, National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi. 12 p.  Ramachandra, T.V., 2008. Geographical information system approach for regional biogas potential assessment. Res. J. Environ. Sci., 2: 170-184.  Karthikeyan N, Petri L, Anas Z and Paavo P, New methodological approach for biomass resource assessment in India using GIS application and land use/land cover (LULC) maps, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol 63, 2016, P256-268, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.05.070.  www.raitamitra.kar.nic.in/Karnataka/crop yield  http://lab.cgpl.iisc.ernet.in/atlas/Default.aspx  Ramachandra T V, Geospatial Mapping of Bioenergy Potential in Karnataka, India Journal of Energy & Environment, Vol. 6, May 2007 28  Biomass agro-residue resource availability in Karnataka
The aspect of heat transfer which in itself requires an elaborate model is considered here. Taken Into account are the convection and radiation between gas and brick wall, and the conduction from bricks to light diesel oil as a fuel used in this paper. by taking minimum heat loss rate (HLR) as optimization objective. Two boundary conditions of the insulation layers, convective heat transfer and combined convective and radioactive heat transfer, are taken into account. The optimal constructs of the insulation layers with the two boundary conditions are obtained. Improvement of energy efficiency of the most consuming facilities was achieved by improving the use of alternative energy minimization such as reducing the heat lost of hot gases, minimizing the heat radiated through refractory linings of metallurgical furnaces.
Keywords : FURNACE WALL, TRANSIENT HEAT TRANSFER, LDO, COAL, LPG, INSULATION.
 S. Lorente, Heat losses through building walls with closed, open and deformable cavities, Int. J. Energy Res. 26 (7) (2002) 611–632.  O. Kaynakli, A review of the economical and optimum thermal insulation thickness for building applications, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16 (1) (2012) 415–425.  H. Ali, P. Lynn, C. Zhang, A. Nathaniel, X. Li, F. Shang Guan, Comparison of iron and steel production energy use and energy intensity in China and the U.S., J. Clean. Prod. 65 (15) (2014) 108–119.  D. Laha, P.N. Suganthan, Y. Ren, Modeling of steelmaking process with effective machine learning techniques, Expert Syst. Appl. 42 (2015) 4687–4696.  Cone, Energy Management for Industrial Furnaces, Wiley, New York, 1980.  Coal and Industrial Furnaces – Department of Coal Publications, Government of India.  H.L. Lee, W.L. Chen, W.J. Chang, E.J. Wei, Y.C. Yang, Analysis of dual-phase-lag heat conduction in short-pulse laser heating of metals with a hybrid method, Appl. Therm. Eng. 52 (2013) 275–283.  Z. Li X, Z.Y. Guo, Field Synergy Theory for Convective Heat Transfer Optimization, Science Press, Beijing, 2010.  R.S Khurmi & J.K Gupta , A Textbook Of Thermal Engineering.
Shear wall is one of the most commonly used lateral load resisting in high rise building. Shear wall has high in plane stiffness and strength which can be used to simultaneously resist large horizontal load and support gravity load. The objective of the present study is to study the behavior of building frame in the lateral load analysis of shear wall-frame structures; a fundamental goal is to model the shear wall assemblies using a realistic and feasible method.
Keywords : shear wall, Frame, lateral loading , tall building wall , Stiffness
 Ahmet Tuken, “Analysis and Assessment of Seismic Drift of Reinforced Concrete Mixed (Shear Wall - Frame) Structures” Middle East Technical University, Department Of Civil Engineering, 06531, Ankara, Turkey, Teknoloji, Volume 7, (2004), Issue 4, 523-532.  Bin Wang, Wenxin Zhang, Jin Gao “ Staggered Shear Panels Structures” Architecture Engineering Institute Of Binzhou Polytechnic ,China,VOL-5,2010,IEEE.  Design for Lateral Force Resistance with Precast Concrete Shear Wall, PCI committee report in 1997 by Ned M. Cleland.  “EXPLANATORY EXAMPLES ON INDIAN SEISMIC CODE IS 1893(PART 1)” Earthquake tips no.21 published by IITK-GSDMA-EQ21.  Fintel, M and Ghosh, S.K. “Case Study of Seismic Resistance of a 16-Storey Coupled Wall Structure Using Inelastic Dynamic Analysis and an Energy Dissipation Approach” Portland Cement Association., Skokie, Illinois, April 1979.  IIT Kanpur –BMTPC, EARTHQUAKE TIPS.  IS-875:1987 PART 1, 2, 3, and 5 code of practice for Design Loads (other than earthquake) for Buildings and Structures, (Dead load, Live load, Wind load).  IS-1893:2002, Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures.  Kenneth Arnott (2005), “Modeling of shear wall, (Shear wall analysis-New Modeling)”, Product Manager for CSC’s S-Frame and Orion.  Kanat Burak Bozdogan, Duygu Ozturk and Ayhan Nuhogla, “An approximate method for static and dynamics analyses of multi-bay coupled shear wall”, 19 Dec.2007.  Macleod, Ian, A “Shear Wall-Frame Interaction, A Design aid With Commentary", PCA Special Publication, 1971.  MacLeod, lain. A., “simplified analysis for shear wall-frmae interaction by stiffness component method”, Build.sci. vol. 7, pp.121-125, Pergamon press 1972.
Providing Authentication to any computer means to provide more security to that computer. There are many authentication techniques, such as textual password, graphical password, etc. but each of this individually having some limitations & drawbacks and also these can be hacked or cracked by the various applications. To overcome the drawbacks of existing authentication technique, a new improved authentication technique is proposed called as 3D password. It is multi-password & multi-factor authentication system. It combines a various authentication techniques such as textual password, graphical password etc. In this paper we have introduced our contribution towards 3D Password to make it more secure & more user-friendly to users of all categories. This paper also explains: what is 3D password? Working of 3D password scheme. All these concepts are briefly introduced & explained in this paper section wise.
Keywords : 3D password, Virtual Environment, textual password, Authentication, graphical password
 D. V. Klein, ―Foiling the cracker: A survey of, and to passwords security,‖ in Proc. USENIX Security, pp.–14  Fawaz A. Alsulaiman and Abdulmotaleb El Saddik, “Three-Dimensional Password for More Secure Authentication”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 57, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2008  Vishal Kolhe, Vipul Gunjal, Sayali Kalasakar, Pranjal Rathod,“Secure Authentication with 3D Password “,International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2013  Fawaz A. Alsulaiman and Abdulmotaleb El Saddik, “A Novel 3D Graphical Password Schema‖, IEEE International Conference on Virtual Environments, Human-Computer Interfaces, and Measurement Systems, July 2006.  Ms. Vidya Mhaske-Dhamdhere, Prof. G. A. Patil,” Three Dimensional Object Used for Data Security”,2010 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks © 2010, IEEE.  Banita Chadha, Dr. Puneet Goswami, “3d Password –A Secure Tool”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2014  Shraddha M. Gurav, Leena S. Gawade, Prathamey K. Rane, Nilesh R. Khochare, “Graphical Password Authentication” 2014 International Conference on Electronic Systems, Signal Processing and Computing Technologies © 2014 IEEE  Ms. Vidya Mhaske-Dhamdhere, Bhakti Pawar, Pallavi Ghodke, Pratibha Yadav, “3-D Graphical Password Used For Authentication”, Vidya Mhaske et al ,Int.J.Computer Technology & Applications,Vol 3 (2), 510-519
Frequent itemsets mining is a popular and common concept used in day-to-day life in many application areas including Web usage mining, intrusion detection, and bioinformatics etc. This is the right place were the various Frequent Itemsets Mining Algorithms are used, which help the store manager/in-charge to arrange these items in a particular fashion so that the number of items purchased by the customers increase, thereby increasing the sales of the store. Such information can be used as the basis for decisions about marketing activities such as, promotional offers, seasonal offers or product placements. This paper presents a literature study of the different approaches to achieve the goal of frequent itemsets mining. We have tried to design an application for a chemist using these algorithms on a medical pharmacy dataset to help the shop owner maintain his stocks well and as per the user requirements.
Keywords : Itemset, Frequent Itemset, Support Count/ Threshold, Support, Confidence, Association Rules.
 Mingjun Song and Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, “A Transaction Mapping Algorithm for Frequent Itemsets Mining”, IEEE Transactions On Knowledge And Data Engineering, VOL. 18, NO. 4, APRIL 2006.  Christian Borgelt,”An Implementation of the FP-growth Algorithm”.  Jiawei Han und Micheline Kamber, “Frequent Item set Mining Methods”.  S. Neelima, N. Satyanarayana and P. Krishna Murthy, “A Survey on Approaches for Mining Frequent Itemsets”.  Pratima Gautam, Dr. K. R. Pardasani, “Algorithm for Efficient Multilevel Association Rule Mining”, (IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering Vol. 02, No. 05, 2010, 1700-1704.  Ya-Han Hu, Fan Wu, Yi-Jiun Liao, ‘An efficient tree-based algorithm for mining sequential patterns with multiple minimum supports’, The Journal of Systems and Software 86 (2013) 1224–1238.  Ke-Chung Lin, I-En Liao, Tsui-Ping Chang, Shu-Fan Lin, “A frequent itemset mining algorithm based on the Principle of Inclusion–Exclusion and transaction mapping”.  Trieu Anh Tuan Ritsumeikan University 2012, “A Vertical Representation for Parallel dEclat Algorithm in Frequent Itemset Mining”.  Paresh Tanna, Dr. Yogesh Ghodasara, “Using Apriori with WEKA for Frequent Pattern Mining”.  Kanu Patel, Vatsal Shah, Jitendra Patel, Jayna Donga, “Comparison of Various Association Rule Mining Algorithm on Frequent Itemsets”.
The 21st century is the century of robotics and automation in various fields of engineering to reduce human efforts. Robotics and automation has been proved since long time a helpful process of minimizing human labor and increasing throughput of production. Being a most preferred technology in various ways, it is necessary to design, develop and test the applications of robotics and automation. The design and development is done at various levels with respect to software and also testing of such applications is done on non-hardware platforms. It will be more advantageous to have a hardware platform to test such applications in order to understand its functionality in a better way than non-hardware platform. The paper titled design and development of hardware platform for testing robotics and automation applications is one such non-software platform.
Keywords : Robotics, Automation, Hardware platform, Applications, Non-Hardware Platform.
 E. Bassi and F. Benzi, "Control of a mechanical simulator for testing electrical drives for robotics and industrial automation," Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, 1994., Conference Record of the 1994 IEEE, Denver, CO, 1994, pp. 1787-1792 vol.3  S. Şahin and Y. İşler, "Microcontroller-Based Robotics and SCADA Experiments," in IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 424-429, Nov. 2013.  J. Hrbáček, M. Kučera and J. Strach, "Teaching robot programming can be a new opportunity for technical subjects of study," Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications (ICETA), 2013 IEEE 11th International Conference on, Stara Lesna, 2013, pp. 133-137.  N. Coleman, S. Banks, J. James, A. Nerode and W. kohn, "Hybrid systems: models, simulation, and testing [military]," AI, Simulation, and Planning in High Autonomy Systems, 1994. Distributed Interactive Simulation Environments, Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Conference on, Gainesville, FL, USA, 1994, pp. 8-11.  Ahmed A. Jerraya, Wayne Wolf, "Hardware/Software Interface Codesign for Embedded Systems," Computer, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 63-69, Feb.2005, doi:10.1109/MC.2005.61  Christopher L. Conway and Stephen A. Edwards. NDL: “a domain-specific language for device drivers”. In Proceedings of Languages, Compilers, and Tools for Embedded Systems (LCTES), page FIXME, Washington, DC, June 2004.  Rolf Ernst, J¨org Henkel, Thomas Benner, Wei Ye, Ulrich Holtmann, Dirk Herrmann, and Michael Trawny. The COSYMA environment for hardware/software co-synthesis of small embedded systems. Microprocessors and Microsystems, 20(3):159–166, May 1996.  Pai Chou, Ross B. Ortega, and Gaetano Borriello. Synthesis of the hardware/software interface in microcontroller based systems. In Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer Aided Design (ICCAD), pages 488–495, San Jose, California, November 1992.
Wavelet transformation is one of the most popular time-frequency-transformations. It is powerful feature for the signals and frequency analysis of an image. Image compression is key technology for transmission and storage of digital images. In this paper the compression algorithms are applied on various biomedical images. The algorithm used in this paper are SPIHT and EZW for comparing the quality of images after that the quality of images is compared by taking PSNR and MSE of images. Analysis of the quality measures have been carried out to reach to a conclusion.
Keywords : SPIHT, EZW,STFT, MSE, PSNR,GIF.
 Michael J.Ryan and John F. Arnold The Lossless Compression of AVIRIS Images by Vector Quantization IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. 1977, 5(3): 546-550.  Ding Xue-wen, Yang Zhao-xuan. Error protection technique for SPHIT- based image transaction[J]. Journal of image graphics,2007,12(10): 1802-1805.  Mukherjee D. Mitra SK. Vector SPHIT for embedded wavelet video and image coding. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2003:13:231-46.  A. Said and W.Pearlman. A new, fast and efficient image codebased on set partitioning in hierarchical tres. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology .1996. 6(3) :243-250.  Shapiro JM. Embedded image coding using zerotrees of wavelets coefficients. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing 1992:41:3445-62.  Wang Xiangyang, Yang Hongying. Anew embedded zerotree wavelet image coding algorithm. Journal of China Institute of Communication, 2002,23(8):113-116.
With current developments in Integrated circuit technology, an approach to automatically plot the frequency response of different Audio amplifier circuits is presented in this paper. Use of specialized IC named Direct Digital Synthesizer (DDS) in programmable generation of frequency/ phase tunable output signal based on a reference clock source is incorporated. Interfacing of DDS with a microcontroller based Arduino board provides the basis of frequency generation in this project. This output from DDS is fed to test Audio amplifier circuit and the response from amplifier is recorded, voltage gain is calculated and a plot of gain versus frequency is displayed on PC by means of MATLAB graphic user interface (GUI). The aim is to replace the costlier and rigid option of Data acquisition (DAQ) card for the acquisition and display of frequency response plot on PC with microcontroller based Arduino board interfaced with MATLAB. This approach is cost effective, portable and unconstrained.
Keywords : AD9850 signal generator module, Arduino UNO interfacing with MATLAB, Bode plot, DDS(Direct Digital Synthesis), MATLAB GUI, Programmable frequency generation
 Walt Kester, “MT-085: Fundamentals of Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS)”, Analog Devices, Year, page. 1-4.  Eva Murphy and Colm Slattery “Ask The Application Engineer—33 All About Direct Digital Synthesis “, Analog Dialogue 38-08, August (2004 ).  “A Technical tutorial on Digital Signal Synthesis”, Analog Devices Inc. ,1999  Jouko Vankka,” Direct Digital Synthesizers: Theory, Design and Applications”, Journal no.9512253186, November(2000)  Shuying Qi, Foster Dai, Charles Stroud, and Dayu Yang “Analog Circuit Testing Using Built-In Direct-Digital Synthesis”  Jim Surber and Leo McHugh “Single-Chip Direct Digital Synthesis vs. the Analog PLL”, Analog Dialogue 30-3 (1996), pg-12-13  “AD9850 Datasheet”, Analog Devices
The methods of augmentation heat transfer are widely utilized in many applications in the heating process to enable reduction in weight and size or increase the efficiency of heat exchangers. These methods are classified as passive, active and combination of (active & passive) these two techniques. For implementing active technique it is required external power such as electric or acoustic fields and surface vibration, whereas while adopting the passive techniques required special surface geometries, fluid additives, swirl/vortex flow devices, that is various types of tape inserts. The passive techniques are better the active techniques because the manufacturing process swirl formation inserts is simple and can be easily implemented in an existing heat exchanger. Moreover the passive techniques can play an important role in the intensification of heat transfer. According to working conditions a proper configuration of the insert is being selected .A Copper tube of 21 mm internal diameter and 25 mm outer diameter and 1000 mm test length was used. The heat transfer parameters was carried out by conducting an experimental study in tube with twisted tape and Screw tape with different diameters for Reynolds number range of 12,000 to 25000. The heat transfer coefficient, friction factor, Nusselt number, Thermal Performance Factor and enhancement efficiency of the twisted tape and Screw tape with different diameters have been obtained and compared with the plain tube. The comparisons showed that, compared with the twisted tape, the Screw tape with different diameters has further improved convective heat transfer performance by about 15 to 20 % and whereas lowered flow friction. The Screw tape with different diameters shows about 25% greater thermal performance than twisted tape at a cost of very low friction factor values.
Keywords : Heat transfer; twisted tape; Screw Tape with three different diameters; Nusselt number, friction factor, Thermal performance Parameter
 A. Garc, J.P. Solano, P.G. Vicente, A. Viedma, Enhancement of laminar and transitional flow heat transfer in tubes by means of wire coil inserts, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 50 (2007) pp- 3176–3189.  S.S. Hsieh, F.Y. Wu, H.H. Tsai, Turbulent heat transfer and flow characteristics in a horizontal circular tube with strip-type inserts: Part I. Fluid mechanics, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 46 (2003) pp- 823–835.  M.M.K. Bhuiya, M.S.U. Chowdhury , M. Islam , J.U. Ahamed , M.J.H. Khan , M.R.I. Sarker , M. Saha, “Heat transfer performance evaluation for turbulent flow through a tube with twisted wire brush inserts”, Elsevier, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 39 (2012) pp- 1505–1512  M.M.K. Bhuiya , M.S.U. Chowdhury, M. Saha, M.T. Islam, “Heat transfer and friction factor characteristics in turbulent flow through a tube fitted with perforated twisted tape inserts”, Elsevier, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 46 (2013) pp- 49–57  M.M.K. Bhuiya, A.S.M. Sayem, M. Islamc, M.S.U. Chowdhury, M. Shahabuddin, “Performance assessment in a heat exchanger tube fitted with double counter twisted tape inserts”, Elsevier, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer (2013) pp-1-9  Pankaj N. Shrirao, Dr. Rajeshkumar U. Sambhe, Pradip R. Bodade, “Experimental Investigation on Turbulent Flow Heat Transfer Enhancement in a Horizontal Circular Pipe using internal threads of varying depth”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 3 (Jan. - Feb. 2013), pp- 23-28  P. Sivashanmugam, P.K. Nagarajan“ Studies on heat transfer and friction factor characteristics of laminar flow through a circular tube fitted with right and left helical screw-tape inserts”, Elsevier, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 32 (2007), pp- 192-197  Bodius Salam, Sumana Biswas, Shuvra Saha, Muhammad Mostafa K Bhuiya, “Heat transfer enhancement in a tube using rectangular-cut twisted tape insert”, Elsevier, 5th BSME International Conference on Thermal Engineering, Procedia Engineering 56 ( 2013 ) pp-96 – 103.  Halit Bas, Veysel Ozceyhan, “Heat transfer enhancement in a tube with twisted tape inserts placed separately from the tube wall”, Elsevier, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 41 (2012), pp- 51–58.  Subhankar Saha, Sujoy Kumar Saha” Enhancement of heat transfer of laminar flow of viscous oil through a circular tube having integral helical rib roughness and fitted with helical screw-tapes”, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 47 ,(2013) ,pp.81–89.
E-Health care system vision as an important application of computing to save lives and improper health care quality. Health care system helps to monitor body condition in emergency situations. By using some wearable sensors and portable wireless device can monitor health status and automatically forward them to patient to doctor and related people. We also can use mobile phones for this purpose. Mobile phones not only used for communications purpose but also for other applications like health care monitoring by using some BSN(Body Sensor Network). BSN helps to collect personal health information (PHI) like heartbeat, blood sugar level, blood pressure and temperature also. If condition is abnormal then it will be automatically transmitted to doctor by using GSM or Bluetooth. Suppose doctors are unable to notice patient health status. BSN will help to transmit exact body condition. After receiving abnormal data from patient to doctor, appropriate treatment can be made. In emergency situation ambulance will also provide to users. Security of patient information is also important while using this app. The mutual authentication between patients and hospitals provide security about communication of patient and doctors, the location privacy of patients and also access control of patients medical record.
Keywords : Wireless Body Sensor Network, User-Centric Privacy Access Control, Smart Phone and Healthcare Monitoring
 M. R. Yuce, S. W. P. Ng, N. L. Myo, J. Y. Khan, and W. Liu, “Wireless body sensor network using medical implant band”, Journal of Medical Systems, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 467–474, 2007.  International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization) Vol.2, Special Issue 1, March 2014 Proceedings of International Conference On Global Innovations In Computing Technology (ICGICT’14) Organized by Department of CSE, JayShriram Group of Institutions, Tirupur, Tamilnadu, India on 6th & 7th March 2014.  Mr. P. Samuel Kirubakaran1, Dr.S.Uma2, Mr.Donbyntalang Dewkhaid3, Mr. Selva Kumar P4, ” An Automated Health Care Computing Model for Continuous Monitoring of Patients for Immediate Medical Care during Emergency”, P. Samuel Kirubakaran et al, / (IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 6 (2), 2015, 1307-1311  Mr.D.Devendar, Mr.M. Narendra,” A Secure and Privacy Preserving Opportunities Computing Framework for Mobile Health Care Emergency”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 (NCDATES- 09th & 10th January 2015)  Y. Ren, R. W. N. Pazzi, and A. Boukerche, “Monitoring patients via a secure and mobile healthcare system,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 17, pp. 59–65, 2010.  R. Lu, X. Lin, X. Liang, and X. Shen, “A secure handshake scheme with symptoms-matching for mhealthcare social network,” MONET, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 683–694, 2011.