GRD Journals is willing to publish the innovative research work and welcomes the contribution from aspiring research individuals and companies. The authors, in terms of submitting manuscripts should be aware of the following key terms and guidelines.
Short summary of an article; often included in article database searches to enable prospective readers to determine if the article is of interest. Can be structured or unstructured depending on a journal's needs. Most types of articles require abstracts.
Final decision made by journal. Acceptance means the paper is subsequently sent to production to initiate the publication phase.
Decision Mail dispatched by editorial to author confirming willingness to publish article. The letter may be accompanied by administrative forms (e.g., copyright agreement/transfer form, color charges, offprint order form, etc.). The letter also states what the author is required to do next (e.g., return proofs in timely fashion).
A version of the peer-review process that sees the identity of the authors hidden from reviewers. Sometimes this means the editorial office must remove the authors' names from the manuscript. Other identifying information may also have to be removed, including the institution where the study was undertaken, grant award information, and (for medical journals) clinical trial numbers.
Legal document that assigns various rights to use, and re-use, content to a publisher, a journal and authors. Nearly all publications now insist such a form must be signed before publication can occur.
The author designated in the published article as the individual to contact in the event of an inquiry about a manuscript. The corresponding author normally is responsible for correcting page proofs and working with the production editor. Previously, the corresponding author may have fielded requests for article reprints, although this practice has almost disappeared.
A generic term that refers to a person/persons who possesses decision making power over the publication or rejection of content. Editors influence content direction and determine the type of material they wish to see published. They may also undertake some manuscript editing.
A group of people that supports the Editor-in-Chief, and help shape the editorial direction of a journal. They may serve the journal directly by assigning reviewers to manuscripts or work in a more advisory capacity. The Editor-in-Chief typically calls at least one editorial board meeting annually.
A measurement of the citation average of articles published in a journal. Higher citation journals typically are recognized as the most influential journals in a particular field. The size of the score can have a significant impact on the ability for journals to attract a certain quality of papers and authors. It is calculated by taking the number of citations in a calendar year to articles published in the prior two years and divided by the number of articles published in those previous two years. Several thousand journals are awarded an Impact Factor. A new Impact Factor is produced typically in June, and is now the copyright of Thomson Reuters.
A collection of papers, published as a periodical, on a particular subject. Journals range in size of circulation and volume of submissions and cover all subjects studied in academic and research settings as well as professional fields.
A collection of text, tables and graphic files submitted to a journal; the output from a scholarly endeavor.
Ability for anyone to access a manuscript free of charge. Some journals offer Open Access content, with the cost burden covered by the authors. Other journals may offer some content free after a period of time. Some funding bodies (e.g., National Institutes of Health, Welcome Trust) insist that all material must be made freely available.
Ability for any individual to comment on a manuscript and make suggestions to an editor. An alternative to traditional peer review in that it is a collaborative effort rather than the closed process whereby a journal selects the reviewers. Typically authors post a manuscript for open review and then accept feedback and comments, submitting the manuscript officially sometime later
Evaluation of a manuscript by individuals with subject expertise. In some instances, peer reviewers know the names of authors. Under a double-blind system the author's identity is not revealed. Under both processes, the identity of a reviewer is not normally revealed.
The act of appropriating someone else s work and passing it off as your own. Journals periodically receive manuscripts containing substantial portions of text that have been copied from a previously published article. Plagiarism represents a very serious ethical offense. Authors can face significant disciplinary action if their plagiarism is uncovered
The proofreader is responsible for checking the page proof against the original, copy edited manuscript.
Date manuscript either appears in print or online. Certain databases, such as GRD Journals now recognize online publication as the date of official publication.
A section of a manuscript that lists articles cited in the main text of a manuscript.
A decision made by a journal not to publish a manuscript. Usually this decision is rendered if the manuscript does not meet the minimum threshold for publication.
Listing of: article title; authors and corresponding author contact information. Additionally, some journals may insist that authors also include the following on title pages: running head; conflict of interest statement; funding source declaration, acknowledgement; count of words, tables and figures
Use of wordprocessing software
It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the wordprocessor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible.
Manuscripts should be prepared according to APA, 6th ed., except for the additional requirement of numbering the sections, as described below.
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Essential title page information
Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum 150 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using British or American spelling, but not a mixture of these, and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.