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The development of the technology of rolling bearings has as one of its objectives constitute a set of mechanical components that combine mechanical strength and stiffness, designed to support the loads, speeds and life specified for a particular application. This work aims to discuss the application of the finite element method in the analysis of fatigue failure in rolling bearings, evaluating the influence of some construction and operational parameters in the stress distribution, such as geometry of contact surfaces, applied load, rotation, and properties of materials in contact. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between the stress caused by cyclic loading in fatigue life of these bearings. The analysis of the life of rolling bearings was performed using the commercial software, based on the finite element method in a virtual environment. Expected that the results obtained in this study will be useful in developing methods for predicting fatigue failure in rolling bearings.
Keywords : rolling bearings, fatigue, finite element method
 W.A. Glaeser and S.J. Shaffer,” Contact Fatigue”, ASM Handbook, Volume 19: Fatigue and Fracture.1996.  R.K. Upadhyay , L.A. Kumaraswamidhas,” Rolling element bearing failure analysis: A case study”, Failure Analysis 1 (2013) 15–17,2013.  Farshid Sadeghi,” A Review of Rolling Contact Fatigue”, Journal of Tribology, Vol. 131 / 041403-1,oct 2009.  J Halme,” Rolling contact fatigue and wear fundamentals for rolling bearing diagnostics – state of the art”, Rolling contact fatigue and wear fundamentals for rolling bearing diagnostics, IMechE Vol. 224 Part J: J. Engineering Tribology.oct 2009.  Prabhat Singh,” Fatigue Life Analysis of Thrust Ball Bearing”, ISSN: 2277-9655, January, 2014.
Knee joint is the most important joint in the human body. 3D CAD modelling is the most important part for analysis Reverse engineering is one of the process by which 3D CAD model can be easily generated. Different techniques available for generating CAD models. The paper describes the methodology applied in the development of an anatomically detailed three-dimensional knee model from 3D laser scanner machine. 3D laser scanner machine is used for generating CAD model which requires 3D solid model as a input. It is made of box type and then solid model id kept on platform provided in box. Laser rays are applied on the periphery of the model and return time of the laser is calculated by which the model is generated on monitor screen.
Keywords : 3D Cad Model, Laser Scanner
 Yan-Ping Lin, Cheng-Tao Wang, Ke-Rong Dai, “Reverse engineering in CAD model reconstruction of customized artificial joint”, 2003; 189-193.  Tamas Varady, Ralph R. Martin, Jordan Cox, “Reverse Engineering of Geometric Models – An Introduction”, 1996; 1-28.  Dr. B. Ravi, Sandip Anasane, “Total Knee Prosthesis: Design, Manufacture, and Testing”, 2007; 1-7.  K. Subburaj, Dr. B. Ravi, Manish Agarwal, “Automated identification of anatomical landmarks on 3D bone models reconstructed from CT scan images”, 2009; 359–368.  Scott Sibole, Craig Bennetts, Bhushan Borotikar, Steve Maas, Ahmet Erdemir, “Open Knee: A 3d Finite Element Representation of the Knee Joint”, 2008; 1058-1059.  Gloria Batista, Mario Ibarra, Johanna Ortiz, Melvia Villegas, “engineering biomechanics of knee replacement”, 2007; 453-465.  C.T.C Arsene1, M.A.Strickland, P.J. Laz, M. Taylor, “comparison of two probabilistic methods for finite element analysis of total knee replacement”, 2008; 212-218.  Marjan Bahraminasab, B.B. Sahari, Mohd Roshdi Hassan, Manohar Arumugam,Mahmoud Shamsborhan, “Finite Element Analysis of the Effect of Shape Memory Alloy on the Stress Distribution and Contact Pressure in Total Knee Replacement”, 2011;95-100.  M. Soncini, l. Vandini, a. Redaelli, “Finite element analysis of a knee joint replacement during a gait cycle”, 2004, 45-54.  Habiba Bougherara, Ziauddin Mahboob, Milan Miric, Mohamad Youssef, “Finite Element Investigation of Hybrid and Conventional Knee Implants”, 2009; 167-177.  G Mallesh, Sanjay .S.J, “Finite Element Modeling and Analysis of Prosthetic Knee Joint” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering”, 2012; 534-540.  Piotr Borkowski, Tomasz Sowinski, Krzysztof Kwiatkowski, Konstanty Skalski, “Geometrical Modeling of Knee Joint Including Anatomic Properties”, 2009  M. Chizari, B. Wang, “3D Numerical Analysis of an ACL Reconstructed Knee”, School of Engineering, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 7QW, UK.  Thor f. Besier, garry e. Gold, Gary s. Beaupre, Scott Delp, “A Modeling Framework to Estimate Patellofemoral Joint Cartilage Stress in Vivo” 2011; 1924-1930  Denis Spahic, Zenica,Fakultetska, Zenica,Bosnia, Herzegovina, “Using Magnetic Resonance Images To Create 3d Models Of Bones For Subsequent Numerical Analysis”,2009; 16-21.  Umesh navgare, “modeling and finite element analysis of knee prosthesis with and without implant”, 55-66, 2013.  Peppas, N.A., Langer, R. ‘‘New Challenges in Biomaterials’’, Science: 263 (1994), pp. 1715–1720.  B.ravi. “Static and dynamic analysis of tumour knee prosthesis” 2008.  B. Calvo, M.A. Martı´nez, D. Palanca, “Finite element analysis of the effect of meniscal tears and meniscectomies on human knee biomechanics”, (2005); 498–507  Nitesh R Patel, Piyush Gohil, Vijay chaudhary, “A Review on Biomaterials: Scope, Applications & Human Anatomy Significance”, ISSN 2250-2459, Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2012  Amrita Francis, Virendra Kumar, “Computational Modeling of Human Femur using CT Data for Finite Element Analysis”, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology ,Vol.1 Issue 6,August-2012  Annette Romero, “biomaterials for orthopedics”, May 2004 Applications of Engineering Mechanics in Medicine, GED – University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez  A.E. Yusuf, M.Y. Aziz. “Biomechanical Analysis of the human femur bone during normal walking and standing up” IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN) ISSN: 2250-3021 Volume 2, Issue 8 (August 2012), PP 13-19.  Ashutosh Kharb, Vipin Saini, Y.K Jain, Surender Dhiman,“A review of gait cycle and its parameters” IJCEM International Journal of Computational Engineering & Management, Vol. 13, July 2011  M.O. Heller, G. Bergmann, G. Deuretzbacher, L. D. urselen, M. Pohl, L. Claes, N.P. Haas, G.N. Dura, “Muscular-skeletal loading conditions at the hip during walking and stair climbing”, Journal of Biomechanics” 34 (2001) 883–893.  Rupesh Ghyar, B.Ravi, “static and dynamic analysis of tumour knee prosthesis”, ISO 14243; 2008.  junfen shi, “finite element analysis of total knee replacement considering gait cycle load and misalignment”, 2012.
We use camera attach to the projector to locate a frame shape marker embedded in the large image. Interactive public displays give access as an innovative media to promote enhanced communication between people and information. In this project, we proposed idea to implement contents with interaction elements for vision-based digital public display. Virtual object, laser point detection and projection installation are applied for attracting attention from user. Preliminary study showed positive feedback of interactive content designing towards the public display. This project enables an effective low cost touch interface utilizing only a single camera and a projector. It embeds a small shape in the image generated by the user application (e.g. a touch screen menu with icons) and detects touch by measuring the geometrical distortion in the camera captured image.
Keywords : Human computer interaction
 J. Nielsen, Usability Engineering, Morgan Kaufman, San Francisco (2004).  D. Te’eni, “Designs that fit: an overview of fit conceptualization in HCI”, in P. Zhang and D. Galletta (eds), Human-Computer Interaction and Management Information Systems: Foundations, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk (2006).  A. Chapanis, Man Machine Engineering, Wadsworth, Belmont (2009).  D. Norman, “Cognitive Engineering”, in D. Norman and S. Draper (eds), User Centered Design: New Perspective on Human-Computer Interaction, Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale (2011).  S. Brewster, “Non speech auditory output”, in J.A. Jacko and A. Sears (eds), The Human-Computer Interaction Handbook: Fundamentals, Evolving Technologies, and Emerging Application, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah (2003).  G. Robles-De-La-Torre, “The Importance of the sense of touch in virtual and real environments”, IEEE Multimedia 13(3), Special issue on Haptic User Interfaces for Multimedia Systems, pp 24-30 (2006).  J.S. Greenstein, “Pointing devices”, in M.G. Helander, T.K. Landauer and P. Prabhu (eds), Handbook of Human-Computer Interaction, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam sept (2013).
Providing sanitation is India remains a huge challenge. This study explores the difficult that occur due to sanitation in rural and urban India through the approach of conducting a field survey in the areas. The survey results are analyses and solution of the problem is provided. The solution involves providing an ecological sanitation (ECOSAN) TOILET. AutoCAD drawing of the designed toilet are provided for better understanding. The response of public on the design toilet suggested was studied with help of another survey to know the preference of the people. Along with design the cost of conventional toilet posed a great challenge for successful sanitation in rural areas. This study aims to reduce the cost of toilet construction by removing pit system as well as changing the superstructure material. The cost comparison of various toilet and those with different superstructure material is presented. The initial cost of EcoSan toilets, which is about Rs. 10520, is slightly higher than ordinary pit latrines or offset double pit latrines, EcoSan toilets provide benefits in terms of fertilizer. A financial analysis of cost and benefits of EcoSan toilets indicates that the pay-back period for an EcoSan toilet is 6 years, Benefit To Cost Ratio of 1.17( At I=10%) and the Financial Internal Rate of Return (FIRR) is 14.527 percent. However social acceptability of our designed toilet remains uncertain. In a Comparison matrix, which includes four different latrine designs, the designed ECOSAN receive the highest scores (21 out of 27) for a given set of design and evaluation criteria. Potential areas for cost reductions and design improvements are identified.
Keywords : Rural, Urban, Toilet, ECOSAN.Design, Costing, Survey
 Jonathan Lau , “Designing Sanitation Projects in Rural Ghana”, Massachusetts Institute of Technology , USA, May 2011  Pradnya Thakur, D. B. Panse “Success Stories of Sustainable Sanitation Initiatives in India by ESF”, Ecosan Services Foundation Book References  Technology Review of Urine-diverting dry toilets  Assessment of urine-diverting EcoSan toilets in Nepal  ECOSAN review ,GTZ-EU  NCEES supply reference handbook, 8th edition, 2nd revision Website References  www.flickr.com/photos/gtzecosan  http://www.sswm.info  en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urine-diverting_dry_toilet
Increasing demand of fuel day by day its consumption and hazards cause serious intensive attention is required for this problem. Also an Improvement of fuel properties are essential for suppression of pollutant and optimization of engine performance. One way is use of additives. Oxygenated additives were conventionally recommended for gasoline. But now day’s oxygenated additives are widely considered for diesel fuel. This additives can also be used in combination with biodiesel. There are number of additives are available for diesel fuel. On the basis of different experimental investigations by the researchers ,this paper reviews about Di-ethyl Ether (DEE) as oxygenated additives mixed with diesel- biodiesel blends and compares its effect on performance and exhaust gas emission of compression ignition engine.
Keywords : DIETHYL ETHER, Brake Thermal Efficiency, DEE
 Brent Bailey, Jimell Erwin “Di ethyl Ether as renewable diesel fuel” National Renewable Energy Laboratory.  M. Pugazhvadivu and S. Rajagopan “Investigations on a diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel blends and diethyl ether as an additive” Indian Journal of Science and Technology (May 2009) Vol.2 No 5.  S.K. Mahla, Som Kumar, Harshdeep Shergill “Study The Performance Characteristics Of Acetylene Gas In Dual Fuel Engine With Diethyl Ether Blends” International Journal on Emerging Technologies(2012) vol. 3 no.1  Saravanan D. , Vijayakumar T. and Thamaraikannan M , “Experimental analysis of Combustion and Emissions characteristics of CI Engine Powered with Diethyl Ether blended Diesel as Fuel”, Research Journal of Engineering Sciences (2012); Vol. 1(4), 41-47.  Y. V. V. SATYANARAYANAMURTHY, “experimental investigations of real time secondary co-injection of water – diethyl ether solution in di-diesel engine fuelled with palm kernel methyl ester” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (2012) Vol. 7, No. 6 711 – 721  Akshatha D. , Manavendra. , S.Kumarappa Performance evaluation of neem biodiesel on ci engine with diethyl ether as additive International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2013; Vol. 2(8) , 2319-8753.  M.V.Mallikarjun, Venkata Ramesh Mamilla, G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao “NOX emission control techniques when CI engine is fuelled with blends of mahua methyle esters and diesel” International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Emerging Technologies, 2013. Volume 4, Issue 2, pp: 96-104.  Obed M. Ali, Rizalman Mamat, “Effects of Diethyl Ether Additives on Palm Biodiesel Fuel Characteristics and Low Temperature Flow Properties”, International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology (2013); Vol. 52.  Prasad. U.S.V., Madhu Murthy. K., And Amba Prasad Rao. G. , “Effect of Oxygenated Additives on Control of Emissions in a DI Diesel Engine using Biodiesel-Diesel Blends” International Conference on Mechanical, Automobile and Robotics Engineering (2012).  Masoud Iranmanesh, “Experimental Investigations about the Effect of New Combination of Biofuels on Simultaneous Reduction Of NOx and Smoke Emissions in DI-Diesel Engine”, International Journal of Automotive Engineering (2013); Vol. 3, No. 2  D. D .Nagdeote, M. M. Deshmukh, “Experimental Study of Diethyl Ether and Ethanol Additives with Biodiesel-Diesel Blended Fuel Engine”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 2012; Volume 2(3), 2250-2459.  N.K. Miller Jothi, G. Nagarajan, S. Renganarayanan, “Experimental studies on homogeneous charge CI engine fueled with LPG using DEE as an ignition enhancer”, Renewable Energy, 2007; Vol. 32, 1581–1593.  P. Ramesh Babu, Dr. V. Rambabu, S. Ravi Babu “Performance and combustion characteristics of di-diesel engine using neat MME with DEE” 2013 Volume 3,Issue 3, pages 153-159.
This paper presents a method for detection and isolation of fault in DC-bus microgrid system. The protection of DC system has been challenging when compared to the traditional AC system. The DC-bus microgrid system consists of a source, storage and load. The protection scheme isolates only faulty section from the DC grid. Healthy sections are operated without any disturbance and supply continuity is maintained in a loop type system. The current sensor placed at both ends of distribution line continuously monitors the current. Because of fault, current difference occurs in two ends of line. Controller detects this current difference and opens the power switches. To meet the requirement of fast interrupting time and high shortcircuit current withstanding capability, IGBTs are used as power switches. The protection scheme concept has been verified by MATLAB/SIMULINK
Keywords : DC-microgrid, faults, distribution systems, solid-state switch.
 R. Dugan and T. McDermott, “Distributed generation,” IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 19–25, Mar./Apr. 2002.  R. Lasseter and P. Paigi, “Microgrid: A conceptual solution,” in Proc. 35th Annu. IEEE Power Electron. Specialists Conf., 2004, pp. 4285–4290.  R. Cuzner and G. Venkataramanan, “The status of DC micro-grid protection,” in Proc. IEEE Ind. Appl. Soc. Annu. Meeting, Oct. 2008, pp. 1–8.  P. Salonen, P. Nuutinen, P. Peltoniemi, and J. Partanen, “LVDC distribution system protection: Solutions, implementation and measurements,” in Proc. 13th Eur. Conf. Power Electron. Appl., 2009, pp. 1–10.  J. Park, J. Candelaria, ”Fault detection and isolation in low Voltage DC-Bus microgrid system” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 28, no.  D. Salomonsson, L. Soder, and A. Sannino, “Protection of low-voltage DC microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1045–1053, Jul. 2009.  L. Tang and B. Ooi, “Locating and isolating DC faults in multiterminal DC systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 1877–1884, Jul. 2007.  R. Schmerda, S. Krstic, E. Wellner, and A. Bendre, “IGCTs vs. IGBTs for circuit breakers in advanced ship electrical systems,” in Proc. IEEE Electric Ship Technol. Symp.,Apr.2009,pp.400–405.
The aim of the experiments to increase the strength of the concrete and performance of the concrete. In this experiment the study on strength characteristics of M15 grade concrete using Fevicol as a replacement of cement is conducted. Mix design for fevicrete is done by calculating the specific gravity of the manufactured Fevicol and cement. Cubes, beams and cylinders were casted based on adding Fevicol with 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%. The strength parameters such as compressive strength, flexural strength and split tensile strength of the casted cubes, beams and cylinders were tested respectively.
Keywords : Fevicol, compressive strength, flexural strength, tensile strength.
 Hewlett, P. C., and Young, J. F. "Physico-Chemical Interactions between Chemical Admixtures and Portland Cement," Journal of Materials Education. Vol. 9, No. 4, 1987.  A.R.Santha Kumar,” Concrete Technology ”Oxford Higher Education  IS 1199-1959,Methods of sampling and analysis of concrete  IS 516-1959,Methods of test for strength of concrete  IS 5816-1970,Splitting Tensile strength of concrete method of test
Abstract: This paper proposes a new approach of cooling system for home. The main advantages of this cooling system are it consumes very low power, no emission of harmful gas and support for health. The basic principle of the system is free cooling is taking place when the external ambient air entropy is less than the indoor air enthalpy and the cool external air is transferred to the building room directly. The efficiency of the external cool air system in the past years is very low due to external air velocity .Due to this drawback this system is not popular. But this paper a new model is proposed to increase the efficiency of cooling. In this paper free cooling is achieved by in conjunction with air collector systems and rotary fan systems. The proposed Air conditioning systems either provide supply 100%fresh air using outside air. So this can be use in the cases of hospitals, densely occupied areas such as theatres etc. This system is only effective when the outer temperature is less than inside temperature.
Keywords : Air conditioning systems, cooling system, external air.
 Chiriac, V., Chiriac, F. “An overview and comparison of various refrigeration methods for microelectronics cooling” 11th Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermo mechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, pp 618 – 625, 2008.  Xiaotong Du, Wenjian Cai , Lei Jia “Air-conditioning system energy efficiency and energy consumption evaluation” 8th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation, pp 1908 – 1913,2010.  Wang Jiangjiang , Jing Youyin , Zhang Chunfa , Shi Guohua “Control system design in constant-temperature and constant-humidity air-conditioning system” 27th Chinese Control Conference, pp 632 - 636, 2008.  Jungsoo Kim, Ruggiero. M., Atienza, D. “Free cooling-aware dynamic power management for green datacenters” International Conference on High Performance Computing and Simulation, pp 140 – 146, 2012.  Dianguang Zhang , Xing Gao “Application of the cooling tower free cooling system in the field of building energy efficiency” International Conference on Electric Technology and Civil Engineering, pp 2945 – 2949), 2011.  Christy Sujatha, D., Abimannan, S. “Energy Efficient Free Cooling System for Data Centers”, IEEE Third International Conference on Cloud Computing Technology and Science, pp 646 – 651201, 2011.  Pawlish, M. , Varde, A.S. “Free cooling: A paradigm shift in data centers” 5th International Conference on Information and Automation for Sustainability, pp 347 – 352,2010 .
This paper proposes energy efficient automatic street lighting system based on low cost microcontroller. The main objective is to design energy efficient based controller for controlling the Light Emitting Diode (LED) based street lamp via appropriate lighting levels control. This system consists of a microcontroller, light sensor, PIR sensor and a set of the LED module. The controlling and managing of the system is based on the density of traffic and five different level of street light brightness has been used for lighting up street proportional to the density of traffic. The system was programmed to automatically turn off during the night. Several numbers of tests have been conducted to test and validate the proposed prototype in the different environment. As conclusion, around 77%-85% reduction in power consumption can be achieved through this proposed automatic street lighting system for energy efficiency system design.
Keywords : Street light , Low power consumption ,LDR,PIR sensor,Microcontroller
 Rohaida Husin, University Technology MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia; “Automatic Street Lighting System For Energy Efficiency Based on Low cost microcontroller”, ISSN:1437-804x online, January 2005,DOI:10.5013/IJSSST, pp.43,44  Mustafa Saad, Dept. of Control Engg, college of Electronics & Technology, Baniwalid-Libya, “Automatic Street Light Control System Using Microcontroller”, ISBN: 978-960-474-399-1,PP. 92-95  The 8051 Microcontroller and Emebedded systems by Muhammad Ali Mazidi  AT89C51 Data sheet, 8-bit microcontroller with 4Kbytes Flash.  PIR sensor (#555-28027) Data sheet.  LDR sensor Data sheet.  www.electronicforyou.com
Today information technology is developing rapidly and adopting application of IT has created a significant revolution in many fields including business. One of the emerging and promising technology that provide efficient means to access various types of data and information all over the world is Data mining which also helps in decision making. The Objective of this paper is to provide a cross platform for data cleaning, analysis and visualization. This tool helps data scientist to come up with a solution to big data related issues by analyzing the output and predicting the trends. This tool will run on all major platforms which will enable the user to analyze data at one’s ease
Keywords : Data Mining; Data cleaning; data analysis; data visualization; acquisition; serialization
 Analytical Review of Data Visualization Methods in Application to Big Data, Evgeniy Yur’evich Gorodov and Vasiliy Vasil’evich Gubarev, Journal of Electrical and Computer EngineeringVolume 2013 (2013), Article ID 969458  Data visualization, Zhao Kaidi School of Computing, National University of Singapore, Matrix Number:HT006177E  O'Neil, Cathy and, Schutt, Rachel (2014). Doing Data Science. O'Reilly.ISBN 978-1-449-35865-5.  http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/dataanalysis.html  Ian H. Witten; Eibe Frank; Mark A. Hall (2011). "Data Mining: Practical machine learning tools and techniques, 3rd Edition". Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco. Retrieved 2011-01-19  Surajit Chaudhuri and Umeshwar Dayal (1997). "An overview of data warehousing and OLAP technology". SIGMOD Rec. (ACM) 26 (1): 65.  www.sas.com/en_us/insights/big-data/data visualization.html  Rahm, E., & Hai Do, H. University of Leipzig, Germany, (n.d.). Data cleaning: Problems and current approaches.  www.bigdata4analytics.com/uploads/2/1/9/2/21928796/ data_visualisation.pdf  http://www.ijarcsse.com/docs/papers/Volume_4/6_June2014/V4I6-0145.pdf
Recognition of handwritten characters has been a popular research area for many years. Devnagari script is a major script of India and is widely used for various languages. In this paper we propose a system to recognize devnagri handwritten characters. Total 60 devnagri characters (50 letters and 10 digits) are taken in to consideration. 60 samples of each character i.e. total 3600 samples are used for features extraction. Classification is done by four different classifiers which are Multilayer perceptron, K-Nearest Neighbour, Naive Bayes classifier and Classification tree. Performance of different classifiers is compared.98.9 % accuracy is obtained by Multilayer perceptron.
Keywords : Devnagri Characters, Multilayer perceptron, K-Nearest Neighbour, Naive Bayes
 Jayadevan, R., Satish R. Kolhe, Pradeep M. Patil and Umapada Pal, 2011. "Offline Recognition of Devanagari Script: A Survey", IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part C, 41(6): 782-796  Pal, U. and B.B. Chaudhuri, 2004. “Indian script character recognition: A survey,” Pattern Recognit., 37: 1887-1899  I.K. Sethi and B. Chatterjee, “Machine Recognition of constrained Hand printed Devnagari”, Pattern Recognition, Vol. 9, pp. 69-75, 1977  Umapada Pal, Sukalpa Chanda,Tetsushi Wakabayashi, Fumitaka Kimura, ”Accuracy Improvement of Devnagari Character Recognition Combining SVM and MQDF”  VelappaGanapathy, and Kok Leong Liew,” Handwritten Character Recognition Using Multiscale Neural Network Training Technique”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 39 2008  R. Bouckaert, Frank, M.Hall, R.kirkby, P. Reutemann,A. Seewald ,D. Scuse ,”WEKA Manual for Version 3-6-2”, Ch no 4.3 P.no.41,January 11, 2010
Energy Efficient in the VoIP broadcast is the main criterion and issue to be maintaining the small package and data as dispensation VoIP (QoS) over Manet environment. Mobile Adhoc network (MANETs) presents a good stage for the fast use of VoIP services in many request scenarios. The energy competence in handset mechanism for the data small package of say in the queue scheme has not been intense which actually consume the more power as in the queue buffer organization. Manet give a substantial difficulty that makes the broadcast of real-time applications like VoIP a great confront due to inadequate energy for small package transmission. In this investigate a new algorithm is future which enhance the presentation of energy in manet transport VoIP traffic. Through a simulation and arithmetical look we analyze and assess QoS indicators such as Distance, power, Bandwidth. Several voice codec are studied to determine their effect of inadequate power. Hence a QoS based Intelligent Enhanced Energy Receiver Priority queuing Algorithm for VoIP (QOS) Over Manet. The main objective of this paper is to segregate the distance using RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator) energy altitude as per detachment the bandwidth is assign by using our E2RPQ signal barrier algorithm in manet surroundings. In huge and lively networks, central algorithms are not suitable due to the lack of responsiveness. The bandwidth allocation is done by E2RPQ signal buffer algorithm.
Keywords : WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKING (MANET)
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This paper presents an approach for a self-navigating quad copter. It can greatly reduce the labour in commercial purpose. The UAV is capable of sustained without a human operator on board which can be controlled by autonomously. The main purpose of the project is to reduce the traffic in mostly rushed areas and in festival places (ganpati ralleys ),where human cannot interfere or unable to watch on traffic situations so UAV will help to reduce the traffic by keeping eyes on it through video surveillance.
Keywords : Self Navigation, Return to Origin, Barometer based Altitude hold, GPS, Wireless, raspberry pi
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IBM running the z/OS workhorse with the huge majority of financial, insurance, health care, government, retail and utility companies today to run their enterprises solution. Today, mainframe computers play a central role in the daily operations of most of the world’s largest corporations, including many Fortune 1000 companies. While other forms of computing are used extensively in various business capacities, the mainframe occupies a coveted place in today’s e-business environment. In banking, finance, health care, insurance, public utilities, government, and a multitude of other public and private enterprises, the mainframe computer continues to form the foundation of modern business. Today’s mainframe has taken on an additional critical role as an energy efficient system. As energy costs are increasing at a rate of 2.8% per year, energy costs to power equipment often exceed the purchase cost of the hardware itself.
Keywords : Distributed System, Enterprise system, Mainframe ar-chitecture.
 D. Stephens, What on Earth is a Mainframe? An Introduction to IBM zSeries Mainframes and z/OS Operating System for Total Beginners, 1st ed., Longpela Expertise, 2008.  E.J. Chikofsky and J.H. Cross II, “Reverse Engineering and Design Recovery: A Taxonomy,” IEEE Software, vol. 7, no. 1, 1990, pp. 13–17.  J. Van Geet and S. Demeyer, “Feature Location in COBOL Mainframe Systems: An Experience Report,” Proc. IEEE Int’l Conf. Software Maintenance (ICSM 09), IEEE CS Press, 2009, pp. 361–370.  Norris, Donald F., Kraemer, Kenneth L., “Mainframe and PC Computing in American Cities: Myths and Realities”, Working Paper #URB-083, 12-01-1996, Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations.  Ambrosio, Johanna. 1993. "Client/server costs more than expected." Computerworld. 27 (42), October 18, 1993: 28.  Chisholm, John. 1994. "Enterprise client-server costs." Capacity Management Review. 22 (8), August, 1994: 5.  Gagliardi, Gary. 1994. Client/Server Computing: Killing the Mainframe Dinosaur and Slashing Runaway MIS Costs. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.  Jeffrey M. Nicka, Gary M. Kinga, Jen-Yao Chungb, Nicholas S. Bowenb, Ching-Shan Pengc, “Overview of IBM System/390 Parallel Sysplex—A Commercial Parallel Processing System,” in IEEE10th International Parallel Processing Symposium,488–495, Honolulu, Hawaii, April 15–19, 1996.  Johnson, P., “The importance of systems management for a Parallel Sysplex”, IBM Systems Journal (Volume: 36, Issue: 2), 1997, Page(s): 301 - 326 ISSN: 0018-8670 Digital Object Identifier: 10.1147/sj.362.0301.  AS Tanenbaum, Maarten “van” Steen Prentice Hall – 2002, book on “Distributed systems”.  Froidevaux, W., Murer, S.; Prater, M., “The mainframe as a high-available, highly scalable CORBA platform”, Date of Conference: 1999, Page(s): 310 - 315 Meeting Date: 19 Oct 1999-22 Oct 1999 ISSN: 1060-9857 Print ISBN: 0-7695-0290-3, Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/RELDIS.1999.805115, IEEE, Lausanne.  Webb, C.F. ; IBM, Poughkeepsie, NY, Micro, IEEE (Volume:28 , Issue: 2 )., March-April 2008 Page(s): 19 – 29, ISSN : 0272-1732, March-April 2008 Sponsored by :IEEE Computer Society.  Lydia Parziale, Eli Dow, Klaus Egeler, Jason Herne, Clive Jordan, Edi Lopes Alves, Eravimangalath P. Naveen, Manoj S Pattabhiraman, and Kyle Smith. Introduction to the New Mainframe: z/VM Basics. IBM Redbooks, 1th, draft edition, August 2007. SG24-7316-00.  Wikipedia: Virtualization. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Virtualization&oldid=15252066% 7, August 2007.  Lydia Parziale, Eli Dow, Klaus Egeler, Jason Herne, Clive Jordan, Edi Lopes Alves, Eravimangalath P. Naveen, Manoj S Pattabhiraman, and Kyle Smith. Introduction to the New Mainframe: z/VM Basics. IBM Redbooks, 1th, draft edition, August 2007. SG24-7316-00.  Dr. Steve Guendert. http://Brocade.com/t5/Mainframe-Solutions/Buffer-Credit-and-frame-Size-Calculation-inFOS-7-1/ba-p/455.  Charlie Burns. The mainframe is dead: Long live the mainframe. Saugatuck Technology, Research Alert: http://research.saugatech.com/fr/researchalerts/364RA.pdf, July 2007. RA364.  Bryan Smith: IBM mainframe solutions as the CTO at Rocket Software, -http://www.destinationz.org/Community/Evangelizing-Mainframe/February-2015/Where-Does-a-Mainframe-Fit-in-Cloud-Architecture.  Christy Wilson: http://blog.syncsort.com/2015/05/mainframe/finding-room-for-the-mainframe-in-your-cloud-architecture/
Grid increase is the piece operation utilized as a part of numerous picture and flag handling applications. This work exhibits a viable configuration for the Matrix Multiplication utilizing Systolic Architecture. This design expands the registering speed by utilizing the idea of parallel handling and pipelining into a solitary idea. The chose stage is a FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) gadget since, in systolic registering, FPGAs can be utilized as committed PCs as a part of request to perform certain calculations at high frequencies. The paper exhibits a systolic design for framework duplication calculation utilizing FPGA. Approach utilizes four preparing components that minimizes area, lessens the range and enhances calculation time.
Keywords : FPGA, Systolic Architecture, Processing Element
 J. Jang, S. Choi and V. Prasanna, “Area and Time efficient implementation of Matrix Multiplication on ” in proceedings, IEEE International conference on Field Programmable Technology pp. 93-100, Dec. 2002.  Scott J.Campbell and Sunil Khatri, "Resource and Delay Efficient Matrix Multiplication using newer FPGA devices. GLSVLSI’2006.  A. Amira, A. Bouridane, and P. Milligan, "Accelerating Matrix Product on Reconfigurable Hardware for Signal Processing," Field-Programmable Logic and Applications (FPL), pp. 101-111, 2001.  J. Jang and S. Choi, “Energy and time efficient matrix multiplication on FGPAs”, IEEE transaction on VLSI systems Vol. 13, pp 1305-1319 Nov, 2007.  A. Amira and F. Bansali “An FPGA Based parameterisable system for matrix product implementation.” in IEEE workshop on signal processing systems, pp. 75-79 Oct. 2002.  D.N.Sonawane, Dr. M.S Sutaone, Mr.Inayat Malek “Systolic Architecture for Integer Point Matrix Multiplication using FPGA” in IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, 3822-3825, May 2009.  J. Jang and S. Choi, “Energy and time efficient matrix multiplication on FGPAs”, IEEE transaction on VLSI systems Vol. 13, pp 1305-1319 Nov, 2007.  O. Mencer,M. Morf, and M. Flynn, "PAM-Blox: High Performance FPGA Design for Adaptive Computing, "IEEE Symposium on FPGAs for Custom Computing Machines, pp. 167-174, 1998.  Ling Zhuo and Victor K. Prasanna, “Scalable and Modular Algorithms for floating Point Matrix Multiplication on FPGAs”, Los Angeles, USA, Feb. 16, 2004.  J. Jang and S. Choi, “Energy and time efficient matrix multiplication on FGPAs”, IEEE transaction on VLSI systems Vol. 13, pp 1305-1319 Nov, 2007.  A book on “VLSI Digital Signal Processing Systems Design and Implementation” by K. K. Parhi, Wiley, 1999.  Xilinx, “Spartan XC3S500E -FPGA user’s guide”. www.xilinx.com
The increasingly worldwide problem regarding rapid economy development and a relative shortage of energy, the internal combustion engine exhaust waste heat and environmental pollution has been more emphasized heavily recently. Out of the total heat supplied to the engine in the form of fuel, approximately, 30 to 40% is converted into useful mechanical work; the remaining heat is expelled to the environment through exhaust gases and engine cooling systems, resulting in to entropy rise and serious environmental pollution, so it is required to utilized waste heat into useful work. The study shows the high temperature diesel engine exhaust gas can be an important source of heat to operate a bottoming Rankine cycle to produce additional power using a shell and tube heat exchanger at exhaust system of a diesel engine; therefore the main objective of this paper is to assess this waste heat recovery technology based on current developments, research trends and its future in an automotive application. As a result the article drew the conclusion that waste heat recovery and its utilization will remain a good prospect in future automotive engine application.
Keywords : waste heat recovery, diesel engine, Rankine cycle, shell and tube heat exchanger, Exhaust gas energy recovery.
 V. Pandiyarajan et al. Experimental investigation on heat recovery from diesel engine exhaust using finned shell and tube heat exchanger and thermal storage system. Applied Energy 88 (2011) 77–87.  R. Saidur et al. Technologies to recover exhaust heat from internal combustion engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16 (2012) 5649–5659.  Saiful Bari and Shekh N. Hossain, Waste heat recovery from a diesel engine using shell and tube heat Exchanger. Applied Thermal Engineering 61 (2013) 355- 363.  Hossain, S. N., and Bari, S., 2013, “Waste Heat Recovery From the Exhaust of a Diesel Generator Using Rankine Cycle,” Energy Convers. Manage.,75, pp. 141–151.  Jianqin Fu et al, A new approach for exhaust energy recovery of internal combustion engine: Steam turbocharging. Applied Thermal Engineering 52 (2013) 150e159.  M. Hatami et al. A review of different heat exchangers designs for increasing the diesel exhaust waste heat recovery. Ren and Sustainable Energy Reviews 37 (2014) 168–181.  ShekhNisar Hossain and Saiful Bari, Waste heat recovery from the exhaust of a diesel generator using Rankine Cycle. Energy Conversion and Management 75 (2013) 141–151.  GaoWenzhiet al, Performance evaluation and experiment system for waste heat recovery of diesel engine. Energy 55 (2013) 226-235.  GaoWenzhiet al, Performance evaluation and experiment system for waste heat recovery of diesel engine. Energy 55 (2013) 226-235.  Cengel, Y. A., Turner, R. H., and Cimbala, J. M., 2008, Fundamentals of Thermal-Fluid Sciences, McGraw-Hill, New York.  DaeHee Lee et al. Effects of secondary combustion on efficiencies and emission reduction in the diesel engine exhaust heat recovery system. Applied Energy 87 (2010) 1716–1721.
Global environmental issues and shortage of fossil fuel available are major concerned in today’s world. Due to this focus has been turned to renewable energy sources like wind energy solar energy & tidal energy. They are becoming more and more popular all over the world due to many advantages associated with them. Our project concentrates on generation of electricity through a very cheap source i.e. air by a sophisticated mechanism. The objective of this project is to convert potential energy of human footsteps into electrical energy. The project consists of a setup consisting of mechanism to compressed air in foot pumps through human footsteps energy thus converting it into compressed air. This compressed air is then stored in the air tank of sufficient pressure, then this compressed air gets impacted on turbine coupled with D.C. generator through a high pressure nozzle. The D.C. generator generates D.C. voltage which gets stored in battery. This D.C. voltage gets converted into A.C. voltage by an inverter circuit.
Keywords : Battery, Compressed air, D.C. generator, Footsteps, Foot pumps.
 Siba Brata Mohanty, Sasank Shekhar Panda, “An Investigation of Generation of Electricity Using Foot Step”, IJESRT-2013.  Ramesh Raja R, Sherin Mathew, “Power Generation from Staircase (Steps)”, ICETS-2014.
A secure outsourcing of computation to an untrusted (cloud) service provider is becoming more and more important. To protect data privacy, the sensitive data should be encrypted by data owner before outsourcing, which makes the search sequence useless. In this paper, we present an efficient, secure and parallel dynamic search scheme on encrypted cloud data which concurrently supports dynamic update operation like deletion and insertion of documents. The most important shortcoming that is addressed by OTPs is that, in contrast to static passwords, they are not vulnerable to replay attacks. The AES algorithm is use to encrypt and decrypt the message with efficient multi-keyword Boolean search. We show that our approach is highly efficient and ready to be deployed in the real world cloud storage systems.
Keywords : Multi-keyword Boolean search, OTP, AES algorithm, dynamic update, encrypted cloud data.
 Security challenges for the public cloud Author: K. Ren, C.Wang, Q.Wang et al.,  Cryptographic cloud storage Author: Seny Kamara, Kristin Lauter  A fully homomorphic encryption scheme Author: C. Gentry
Abstract: The main aim of this paper is encrypt the data using Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm. In AES algorithm cryptography technique is used. Security is most important in data communication so to increase the security key expansion algorithm is used .In this paper we considering different sizes of S-box to reduce the area and the LUTs. To reduce LUTs here considering the affine transformation method is used. The round key expansion is proposed to improve security against attacks. Encrypted data is decrypted using inverse AES algorithm method .In AES algorithm numbers of round performed during execution will be depended upon the Key length. Here AES -128 bit key are used, so number of round performed during execution will be 10. This algorithm is simulated using Xilinx software and implemented on FPGA.
Keywords : FPGA;Sub word; Rotword;Rconst
 AI-Wen Luo, Qing-Ming Yi, Min Shi. “Design and Implementation of Area-optimized AES on FPGA”, IEEE Inter. conf. chal sci comengin.,978-1-61284- 109-0/2011.  H.Mestiri, N.Benhadjyoussef, M.Machh out and R.Tourki, “A Comparative Study of Power Consumption Models for CPA Attack,”  International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp.25-31, 2013.  A. Moh'd, Y.Jararweh and L. Tawalbeh, “AES-512: 512-bit Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm design and evaluation,” 7th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security (IAS 2011), pp. 292-297, 2011.  M. Mozaffari-Kermani, and A. Reyhani-Masoleh, “Concurrent structure independent fault detection schemes for the advanced encryption standard,” IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol. 59, pp.608-622, 2010.  H. Mestiri, N. Benhadjyoussef, M. Machhout and R. Tourki, “A Comparative Study of Power Consumption Models for CPA Attack,” International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security,Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 25-31, 2013.
A steady increase in metro-city population, the number of automobiles and cars increases rapidly and metro traffic is growing crowded which leads to the traffic jam problem. This proposed system will have effective role to avoid the traffic jam. When the traffic lane waits until the green light, time setting is almost same and fixed. A-road was always crowded with vehicles and go-ahead time is short. So, “ambulance” can’t pass through in the time allowed. But sub lane has few vehicles and go-ahead time is relatively long. In the concept which we have design that “Emergency Vehicle Priority System for Smart Cities” has given the priority to the Ambulance.
Keywords : Ardiuno, RF Module (HT12E & HT12D), Beacon
 Wenjie Chen, Lifeng Chen, Zhanglong Chen, and Shiliang Tu.Wits. “A wireless sensor network for intelligent transportation system.” in International Multi- Symposiums of Computer and Computational Sciences Conference (IMSCCS’06), pages 635– 641, April 2006.  Rajat & Nirbhay Kumar (2007) “RFID Resolution: Your cars will be tagged”, The Economics Times, 25 September.  Elisabeth ILIE-ZUDOR “The RFID Technology and Its Current Applications”, MITIP 2006, ISBN 963 86586 5 7, pp.29-36.  R. K. Kamalanathsharma, “Traffic Adaptive Offset-Based Preemption for Emergency Vehicles,” Master of Science in Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2010.  Karmakar, N., Handbook of Smart Antennas for RFID Systems, Wiley-IEEE Press, Pages: 13 -56  USDOT, Traffic Signal Preemption for Emergency Vehicles, U.S. Department of Transportation, 2006.
One of the new emerging technologies for data management today is represented by federate systems. Security enforcement at the federation level must take into consideration the protection requirements and protection policies of each participating site. This task can be further complicated by the heterogeneity of the constituent systems, which may enforce protection policies either difficult to combine or inconsistent with each other. The need to share data in the federation on one side and to maintain site autonomy on the other side raises several protection requirements which traditional security models do not address. So this paper proposes the security model for federated database systems.
Keywords : Federated,access control,authirization
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Women are playing vital role in the developing world. They are the most valuable asset especially in India. In India many of the women are living in rural area. Nowadays rural women’s are affected by lot of health issues. So the central government introduced many health care schemes. In this study we will discuss about the health issues of rural women and the government interventions to overcome these issues and the review of literature. Based on the review of literature we find some findings and the recommendations to the central government to improve the promotional programs regarding rural women’s health.
Keywords : Promotional Programmes, rural Women, central government schemes, Health issues
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