Archive

Publication for Volume-3 Issue-3, February 2018

Title
:
Effect on the Engineering Properties of Pervious Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement with GGBS
Article Type
:
Case Study
Author Name(s)
:
Chandrashekar V C, Dayananda Sagar College of engineering Bangalore-78, Karnataka, India; Tejaswini P S ,Dayananda Sagar College of engineering Bangalore-78, Karnataka, India; Madhu KS ,Dayananda Sagar College of engineering Bangalore-78, Karnataka, India; Deepa T ,Dayananda Sagar College of engineering Bangalore-78, Karnataka, India; Poornima KB ,Dayananda Sagar College of engineering Bangalore-78, Karnataka, India
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Concrete Technology
Pervious concrete which is also known as the no-fines, porous, gap-graded, and permeable concrete and enhance porosity concrete has been found to be a reliable storm water management tool. By definition, pervious concrete is a mixture of gravel or granite stone, cement, water, little to no sand (fine aggregate) with or without admixtures. Pervious concrete is traditionally used in Parking areas, areas with high traffic, walk ways in parks and gardens, Residential streets, Pedestrian walkways and Green houses, Basketball and volley ball courts etc. In this study experimental investigation is carried out to study the properties of Pervious Concrete by partial replacing cement with different percentages of GGBS (0%, 20%, 40%, 50%, 60%, and 80%). To achieve optimum concrete mix various trial mixes are done by varying cement, coarse aggregate, water and super plasticizers. Once getting the optimum mix, six mix design are done by replacing cement with GGBS at 0%, 20%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 80 %. The pervious concrete mix is produced by using conventional cementitious materials, aggregates, and water. This concrete is tested for its Fresh properties such as workability and Hardened Properties such as density, void ratio, compressive strength, and water permeability. The most important property of pervious concrete is its water permeability. Currently, there is no standard experimental procedure to determine to this property. A method was therefore developed to determine the water permeability.
Keywords : GGBS, super plasticizers, optimum mix, workability density, void ratio, compressive strength, water permeability, Binder to coarse aggregate ratio
[1]	IS: 10262: 2009. Concrete Mix Proportioning- Guidelines, BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARD, New Delhi.
[2]	NRMCA, ―What, Why, and How? Pervious Concrete, ―Concrete in practice series, CIP 38, Silver Spring, Maryland, May 2004, 2pp..
[3]	NRMCA, ―Freeze Thaw Resistance of Pervious Concrete,‖ National Ready Mixed Concrete Association, May 2004..
[4]	RMC Research Foundation Pervious Concrete Research Compilation: Past, Present and Future.
[5]	ACI 522R-10, ―Report on pervious concrete ‖ ACI Committee 522, March 2010”
[6]	Concrete Promotional Group inc., ―Handbook for Pervious Concrete Certification in Greater Kansas City‖, CPG Pervious Concrete Certification Program
[7]	National Concrete Pavement Technology Centre―Mix Design Development for Pervious Concrete in Cold Weather Climates‖, February 2006.
[8]	UltraTech Concrete Pervious, -Report on Permeable Concrete
Title
:
Automatic Sorting in Process Industries using PLC
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
P. Thirumurugan, Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappalli; S. Dharshan Manjunath ,Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappall; M. Arun Kumar ,Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappall; R. Aravind ,Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappall; R. Kalaiselvan ,Saranathan College of Engineering, Tiruchirappall
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Process Control
Sorting is an important thing in which any items or products can be differentiated based on their size, height and color. In order to sort items, we need to be able to compare them, i.e., to determine whether the object coming through the conveyor is smaller, greater, or equal to the respected height. Here we are going to do a simple object sorting system using the Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). The system consists of a conveyor model in which the sorting process takes place. The product will be coming through the conveyor system to the sensing part, based on the height of the object the product will be sorted through the conveyor system by using the Programmable Logic System (PLC).
Keywords : Conveyor, Sorting, Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Sensor
[1]	Akshay varpe, Snehal Marne, Manasi Morye, Dr. Manisha jadhav, “Automatic Detection and Sorting of products”, Internation Journal of innovations in engineering research and technology, IJIERT ISSN 2394-3696 Conference Proceedings of TECHNO-2K17 Technical Symposium.
[2] Nilima Bargal, Aditya Deshpande, Rucha Kulkarni, Rucha Moghe, “PLC Based Object Sorting Automation”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, IRJET Volume: 03 Issue: 07 July-2016.
[3]	Dhaval Tailor, Vivek Kamani, Ankit Ghetiya, Naresh Bhatiya, “Object Sorting and Stacking Automation with PLC”, International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET) DOI: 10.21817/ijet/2017/v9i3/170903S031 Vol 9 No 3S July 2017.
[4]	Kadiyam Sasidhar, Shaik Faiz Hussain, Syed Ali Safdar, Mohd Aleem Uddin, “Design and Development of a PLC Based Automatic Object Sorting”, International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) Volume IV, Issue XII, December 2017.
[5]	Bhagyashri, Kulkarni, Monika A. Satpute, Prof. S.A.Soundattikar, “Image Processing and PLC based Automated Biscuit Sorting System”, International Conference on Recent Innovation in Engineering and Management, 2016.
[6]	Amir Deshmukh, “Design and development of automatic conveyor controlling system for sorting of component on color basis”, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), volume 5, issue 2 February 2016.
[7]	Prof. Nilima Bargal Aditya Deshpande, Rucha Kulkarni, Rucha Moghe “PLC Based Object Sorting Automation” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Volume: 03, Issue: 07, July 2016.
[8]	Y V Aruna, Beena S “Automatic convey or System with In–Process Sorting Mechanism using PLC and HMI System”, Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 5, Issue 11, Part -3November 2015.
[9]	Shaukat.N, PLC based Automatic Object Sorting Machine, Multi Topic Conference 2002, IEEE publications.
[10]	Manjunatha “Postal Automation System for Mail Sorting” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2015.
Title
:
Implementation of Swadaya Control and Efforts to Prevent False Honey Circulation for Community Hidden Leadership
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
Rosmarlinasiah, Department of Forestry, Faculty Of Forestry And Environmental Science University Halu Oleo Kendari,
Country
:
Indonesia
Research Area
:
Forestry Engineering
Mekongga Protected Forest area located in Kolaka District, East Kolaka and North Kolaka, save the wealth of natural resources, in the form of forest honey bees which became a source of livelihood for the surrounding community. As the population increases, the rampant illegal logging has further reduced the supply of flower resources that feed the honeybees in the forest. As a result, the production of forest honey tends to decrease, which also causes the number of circulating fake honey in the region. To solve these problems, assistance is needed for the community. The research was conducted in Talodo Village and Kesio Village, Lalolae Sub-District, East Kolaka District with the purpose of the activity is 1. Increasing people's understanding of conservation values of forest resources, 2. Increase the knowledge of bee hunters to conduct 'Self-Control' which can foster desire in securing the source of income from honey bees through protection and planting of bee forage species and for bee tree planting; Increase the knowledge of bee hunters to conduct 'Self-Control' which can foster desire in securing the source of income from honey bees through protection and planting of bee forage species and for bee tree planting; 3. Increase the knowledge of honey gatherers to give buyers confidence to the genuine honey products produced by the hygienically and sustainably managed Mekongga natural forest using Self-Control, through the collection of honey, the packaging of honey using bottles. The methods used are lecture and discussion methods, technology transfer, and demonstration ways. Through the 'Self-Control' approach is able to increase community knowledge in monitoring and protecting the presence of nectar and pollen trees and host trees for honey bees. The community has also been able to perform hygienic harvesting techniques, packing honey in hygienic bottles, and labeling on bottles.
Keywords : Fake Honey, Forest Bees, Self-Help Control, Hygienic Honey
[1]	International Biodiversity Cooperative Group (ICBG).  (2012). Proposed Change of Function of Protected Forest Area Mekongga Mountain Complex into Conservation Forest. Local Government of Southeast Sulawesi-Indonesia.
[2]	Rosmarlinasiah. (2015). Honeybee Resource Development Analysis (Apis dorsata Binghamii) Community Based. Case Study at the Mekongga Forest Complex. Graduate Program of Hasanuddin University. Makassar. Dissertation. Not Published.
[3]	Murniati dan Sumarhani.  (2010). Development of Social Forestry Models. Social Forestry. Ministry of Forestry Forestry Research and Development Agency. Center for Climate Change Research and Development and Policy. Jakarta
[4]	Hussein,M.H., Omar, M.O.M., Mannaa, S.H. and Moustafa, A.M. 1992. An activity of honeybee workers (Apis mellifera L.) and Flowering of some bee forage plants in Assiut region. 4thNat. Conf. of Pests and Dis. Of Veg. and Fruits in Egypt and Arab Count. Ismailia, Egypt.  196-208.
[5]	Sulistyorini, C.A. (2006).  Inventory of Honey Bee Plant Apis cerana Ferb in Plantation of The Gunung Mas Bogor.  Forest Cultivation Study Program Faculty of Forestry Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Indonesia. Essay. Not Published.
[6]	Kuntadi, 2013.  Steps to Increase Production and Quality of Bee Products. Puslitbang Konservasi dan Rehabilitasi. Budidaya_Madu.pdf. Www.forda-mof.org. Access February 17, 2014.
Title
:
Intelligent Energy Management System using AC Microgrid for Renewable Energy Integration
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
T. Vignesh, Jay Shriram Group of Institutions; E. Sampath Kumar ,Jay Shriram Group of Institutions; P. Saravanan ,Jay Shriram Group of Institutions; R. Sivasakthi ,Jay Shriram Group of Institutions; E. Uthira Kumar ,Jay Shriram Group of Institutions
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Electrical and Electronics
The intelligent energy management system is operated automatically to ON and OFF the generating sources as per the load demand. The renewable energy sources used in this energy management system are solar, wind, fuel cell and energy storage element battery as an input source. These renewable energy sources are integrated into the main dc bus through dc-ac converter. Microgrid is basically a group of large power grid. The renewable energy sources producing variable ac, variable dc and fixed dc. So, the converters in this are used to convert variable dc to fixed ac. The dc-ac converter is used for controlling the maximum amount of energy for the requirement of load demand. The Microgrid is operated in the real time and also for the load demand requirement. The ac microgrid is connected to the load for distribution. The Arduino is the microcontroller giving feedback to the inverters and converters.
Keywords : Wind, Solar, Fuel cell, Microgrid, Arduino controller, converters and battery.
[1]	A.A.Salam, A.Mohamed, M.A.Hannan, Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, “Improved Control Strategy for Fuel Cell and Photovoltaic Inverters in a Microgrid”, ISSn: 1790-5060.Issue:10, Volume 4, October 2009.pg.No:331-340.
[2]	Kai Strunz, Ehsan Abbasi, and Duc Nguyen Huu, “DC Microgrid for Wind and Solar Power Integration”, IEEE Journal of Engineering and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, Vol.2, No:1, March 2014.Pg.No:115-126.
[3]	M.Anantha Kumar, “Integration and Distribution of Renewable Sources in DC Microgrid with Energy Storage System” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 3, Special Issue 3, March 2014.P.No:2713-2718.
[4]	Manzoa Ahmed, Uzma Amin. Suhail Aftab, Zaki Ahmed, “Integration of Renewable Energy Resources in Microgrid”, Energy and Power Engineering, 2015, pg:12-29.
[5]	A. L. Dimeas and N. D. Hatziargyriou, “Operation of a multiagent system for microgrid control”, IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 1447–1455, Aug. 2005.
[6]	Katiraei and M. R. Iravani, “Power management strategies for a microgrid with multiple distributed generation units”, IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1821–1831, Nov. 2006.
[7]	D.Westermann, S. Nicolai, and P. Bretschneider, “Energy management for distribution networks with storage systems—A hierarchical approach”, in Proc. IEEE PES General Meeting, Convers. Del. Electr. Energy 21st Century, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, Jul. 2008.
[8]	R.Lasseter, A.Akhil, C.Marnay, Integration of Distributed Energy Resources, the CERTS Microgrid Concept, LBNL-50829, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2002.
[9]	H. H. Zeineldin, E. F. El-Saadany, and M. M.A.Salama, Impact of DG Interface Control on Islanding Detection and Non-detection zones, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 21,No. 3, 2006, pp. 1515-1523.
[10]	K. Sung-Hun, S. R. Lee, H. Dehbonei et al., Application of Voltage and Current-controlled Voltage Source Inverters for Distributed Generation Systems, IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2006, pp. 782-792.
[11]	H. Tao, A. Kotsopoulos, J.L. Duarte, and M.A.M. Hendrix, “Multi-input bidirectional dc-dc converter combining dc-link and magnetic-coupling for fuel cell systems,” in Proc. IEEE IAS, Hong Kong,
[12]	China, Vol.3, Oct.2005, pp.2021-2028.
[13]	S.Sikkabut, N.H.Fuengwarodsakul, P.Sethakul, P.Thounthong,  S.Pierfederici, M.Hinaje, B.Nahid-Mobarakeh, B.Davat, ”Control strategy of solar/wind energy power plant with supercapacitor energy storage for smart DC microgrid", Power Electronics and Drive Systems (PEDS), 2013 IEEE 10th International Conference vol., no., pp.1213,1218, 22-25 April 2013.
[14]	M. R. Patel, Wind and Solar Power Systems. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1999.
[15]	C. Yaow-Ming, L. Yuan-Chuan, H. Shih-Chieh, and C. Chung- Sheng, “Multi-input inverter for grid-connected hybrid PV/Wind power system,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 1070–1077, May 2007.
[16]	R. Palma-Behnke, C. Benavides, F. Lanas, B. Severino, L. Reyes, J. Llanos, et al., “A microgrid energy management system based on the rolling horizon strategy,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 996–1006, Jun. 2013. 
Title
:
Experimental Investigations of Translucent Concrete using Optical Fibres
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
Shreyas. K, Don Bosco Institute of Technology
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
CIVIL ENGINEERING
Transparent concrete is the new type of concrete introduced in modern era which carries special property of light transmitting due to presence of glass fibres & is also known as translucent concrete or light transmitting concrete. It is lighter than conventional concrete having special features such as low density and thermal conductivity with main advantage of reduction in dead weight, faster building rate in construction, lower haulage & handling cost. Light is transmitted from one surface of the brick wall to the other due to optical fibres strands along the overall width of the wall which allows light to pass through. An optical fibre (or optical fibre) is a flexible, transparent fibre made of glass (silica) or plastic, slightly thicker than a human hair & can function as waveguide, or “light pipe” to transmit light between the two ends. Main aim of the study is to design translucent concrete blocks with the use of glass optical fibres with sand & cement then analyse their various physical & engineering properties with respect to conventional concrete blocks by adding glass optical fibres of 1%, 2 %, 3 % 4 % 5% at 0.5 cms & 1.0 cms spacing respectively. From the study, it can be concluded that there is 5% to 10% increase in initial compressive strength for 7 days & also 10% to 15% increase in initial compressive strength for 28 days to an optical fibres mix up to 3% whereas the initial & final characteristic compressive strength gradually decreases with an increase in Optical fibres in the concrete mix.
Keywords : Transparent concrete, Workability, Compressive strength, Tensile strength, Flexural strength.
[1]	Momin, A., Kadiranaikar, R., Jagirdar, V. & Inamdar, A., “Study of Light Transmittance of Concrete Using Optical Fibers and Glass Rods,” Proceedings: International Conference on Advances in Engineering & Technology – 2014.
[2]	Shanmugavadivu, P., Scinduja, V., Sarathivelan, T. & Shudhesamithronn, C., “An Experimenal Study of Light Transmitting Concrete,” IJRET, vol. 3, no. 11, 2014.
[3]	Zhou, Z., Ou, G., Hang, Y., Chen, G. & Ou, J., “Research and Development of Plastic Optical Fiber Based Smart Transparent Concrete,” SPIE, vol. 7293, no. F, 2009.
[4]	Prasad. Bishetti. Etal, “EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF TRANSLUCENT CONCRETE ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH”, International Journal of Technical Research and Applications e-ISSN: 2320 -8163, www.ijtra.com Volume 4, Issue 4 (July-Aug, 2016), PP. 120-122.
[5]	BasmaF.Bashbash, “Basics of light Transmitting Concrete”, International Journal of Research ISSN 2249 -9695 in Environmental Science and Technology- Determination of Physico-Chemical Properties of Coir Pith In Relation To Particle Size Suitable For Potting Medium, pp 079-083, (2013). 
[6]	IS: 7320-1974 Code of practice for “WORKABILITY OF CONCRETE BY SLUMP TEST”.
[7]	IS:1199-1959 Code of practice for “WORKABILITY OF CONCRETE BY COMPACTION FACTOR TEST”.
[8]	IS:10510-1983 Code of practice for “WORKABILITY TEST BY VEE-BEE CONSISTOMETER”. 
[9]	IS: 516-1959 Code of practice for “FLEXURAL STRENGTH TEST”.
[10]	IS 5816-1976 Code of practice for “SPLIT TENSILE STRENGTH TEST”.
[11]	IS: 516-1959 Code of practice for “COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH TEST”.

Title
:
A Mathematical Model on Vorinostat (Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor) in Combination with Radiotherapy
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
G. Komahan, AVVM Sri Pushpam College, Poondi; R. Lalitha ,AVVM SRI PUSHPAM COLLEGE,POONDI
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Mathematical Models for Cancer Treatment
There are four main and most types of cancer treatments, which are surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy. In this paper, we consider cancer treatment by radiotherapy. Radiation therapy is a treatment procedure that uses radiation to kill tumor cells. The Histone deacetylases inhibitor (HDAC) Vorinostat (suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid or SAHA) combination with radiotherapy blocks cancer cell proliferation. In this study we developed and analyse Mathematical model for tumor growth and histone deacetylase inhibitor, in combination with radiotherapy then we analyse the stability of equilibria. And fitting Patient 1 data to numerical simulation for locally weighted smoothing linear regression.
Keywords : Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors, Radiation Therapy, Mathematical Model
[1]	Hahnen E, Hauke J, Tränkle C, Eyüpoglu IY, Wirth B, Blümcke I (Feb 2008). "Histone deacetylase inhibitors: possible implications for neurodegenerative disorders". Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs. 17 (2): 169–84. doi:10.1517/13543784.17.2.169. PMID 18230051. 
[2]	P. Hahnfeldt, D. Panigrahy, J. Folkman and L. Hlatky, Tumor development under angio- genic signaling: a dynamical theory of tumor growth, treatment response, and postvascular dormancy, Cancer Research, 59 (1999), 4770–4775.
[3]	Kelly WK, Richon VM, O'Connor O, Curley T, MacGregor-Curtelli B, Tong W, Klang M, Schwartz L, Richardson S, Rosa E, Drobnjak M, Cordon-Cordo C, Chiao JH, Rifkind R, Marks PA, Scher H (2003) Phase I clinical trial of histone deacetylase inhibitor: suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid administered intravenously. Clin Cancer Res 9: 3578–3588
[4]	Lane AA, Chabner BA: Histone deacetylase inhibitors in cancer therapy. J Clin Oncol 2009, 32:5459-5468.
[5]	Merck Research Laboratories, Department of Cancer Biology and Therapeutics, BMB9-101, 33 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA 02115, USA
[6]	Miller TA, Witter DJ, Belvedere S (Nov 2003). "Histone deacetylase inhibitors". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 46 (24): 5097–116. doi:10.1021/jm0303094. PMID 14613312
[7]	Mwakwari SC, Patil V, Guerrant W, Oyelere AK (2010). "Macrocyclic histone deacetylase inhibitors". Curr Top Med Chem. 10 (14): 1423–40. doi:10.2174/156802610792232079. PMC 3144151 . PMID 20536416
[8]	L.G. de Pillis, W.Gu, A.E. Radunskaya, Mixed Immunotherapy and Chemotherapy of tumors: Modeling, Applications and Biological interpretations, 2005.
[9]	S.T.R. Pinho a,∗, F.S. Bacelar a,b, R.F.S. Andradea, H.I. Freedmanc A mathematical model for the effect of anti-angiogenic therapy in the treatment of cancer tumours by chemotherapy Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications 14 (2013) 815–828
[10]	"Scientists 'reverse' memory loss". BBC News. 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-07-08. 
[11]	Siegel D, Hussein M, Belani C, et al. Vorinostat in solid and hematologic malignancies. J. Hematol. Oncol. 2009;2:31. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
[12]	Wagner JM, Hackanson B, Lübbert M, Jung M. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors in recent clinical trials for cancer therapy. Clin Epigenetics. 2010;1 (3-4:117–136. [PMC free article] [PubMed].
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