Automatic Solar Tracking System

Nayana Raju, ASIET; Lakshmipriya K J ,ASIET

Solar Energy, LDR, ADC, Solar Tracking System, DC Motor, Automatic Solar Tracking System (ASTS)

Solar energy is very important means of expanding renewable energy resources. In this paper is described the design and construction of a microcontroller based solar panel tracking system. Solar is a nonconventional source of energy, considering this we have developed solar panels so that we can fulfill our electricity need. But due to revolution of the earth, solar source i.e. sun does not face the panel continuously hence less electricity is produced. The energy panel should face the SUN till it is present in a day. The problem above can be solved by our system by automatic tracking the solar energy. The block diagram below shows system architecture it consist of a LDR sensor senses max solar power which is being given to the Microcontroller through the ADC which digitizes the LDR output. Controller then takes the decision according to then algorithm and tilts the panel towards the direction of the max energy given by LDR with the help of DC Motor.
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Paper ID: GRDCF013019
Published in: Conference : National Conference on Emerging Research Trend in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ERTE’19)
Page(s): 77 - 80