- For Authors
- For Reviewers
Before Accepting Articles for review:
The decision panel, after receiving an article, does first screening and review to check if manuscript matches with minimal criteria. If it does, the manuscript is then sent to reviewers with matching area of interest.
You as being reviewer should always consider few things before accepting article:
Before You Start the Review:
As you have accepted the article, you shall be collecting some data regarding authors research work. Being a reviewer, its necessary for you to know about present condition of work done in area of subject.
A manuscript, is a confidential document and shall be treated same way. In case, if something is there you want to add in your research work, it should only be done with the consent of author and journal editor.
Reviewing the Artcile:
Read the article in once like a normal reader. Make sure the article fits into its types (eg: case study, research article, review article, literature survey) and the research area.
Now allow yourself a time to think, about the article subject and the way author has presented it. Think of the way you may have written the article if you were writing the manuscript.
Take a view at abstract and take an idea of major findings by author in subject. This would also give a brief summary about article.
Write down the terminology you need to know and lookup for them in books, internet. Note down if author has given some misconceptions about them.
Pay close attention to the “Materials and Methods” (please note that in some journals this section is at the very end of the paper) and “Results” sections.
Ask yourself questions about the study, such as:
Check the validity of references taken by author. An article with proper referencing is good consideration.
The literature review section shows authors acknowledgement to the previous work that is done in area. Being a reviewer you need to see if they are mentioned with appropriate references
Read the materials taken into study for the possibilities of achieving desired results.
Article may involve graphs, pictures, tables, figures etc. and those factors should be considered for their validity. Carefully check them and note down the concerns.
Make sure you have understood the article.
With analysis make yourself a final conclusion and see how far author has reached on same.
A conclusion should take whole study into consideration and reach to final decision which depicts the result and understanding of whole study.
After finishing the review, write a summarized review for authors. This would be review from you.
A good review is supportive, constructive, thoughtful, and fair. It identifies both strengths and weaknesses, and offers concrete suggestions for improvements. It acknowledges the reviewer's biases where appropriate, and justifies the reviewer's conclusions.
A bad review is superficial, nasty, petty, self-serving, or arrogant. It indulges the reviewer's biases with no justification. It focuses exclusively on weaknesses and offers no specific suggestions for improvement.