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Data-center network (DCN) plays a fundamental role in cloud computing. As applications grow fastly, capacity utilization of data-center network becomes a big challenge to cloud service. In this paper, we present Genetic load balancing algorithm to balance the loads and controller to enable the central control of the entire network, and propose an optimization model to consider high bandwidth utilization for provider and low delay for users. To the best of our knowledge, existing approaches, however, either solely focus on minimizing total cost for provider, or guaranteeing QoS for end-users.
Keywords : Data Center Network, Genetic Algorithm, Load Balancing Algorithm
 Amazon web services [Online]. Available: http://aws.amazon.com, 2014.  A. Cockcroft. (2011). Netflix in the cloud [Online]. Available: http://velocityconf.com/velocity 2011/public/schedule/detail/ 17785  H. Ballani, P. Costa, T. Karagiannis, and A. Rowstron, “Towards predictable datacentre networks,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Conf., Toronto, ON, Canada, 2011, pp. 242–253.  N. Laoutaris, M. Sirivianos, X. Yang, and P. Rodriguez, “Interdatacenter bulk transfers with netstitcher,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Conf., Toronto, ON, Canada, 2011, pp. 74–85.  R. Buyya, R. Ranjan, and R. N. Calheiros, “Intercloud: Utilityoriented federation of cloud computing environments for scaling of application services,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Algorithms Archit. Parallel Process., 2010, pp. 13–31.
Healthcare service is one of the most challenging aspects that is greatly affected by the migration of people to city centres. Cities are currently embracing massive digital transformation in an effort to support and provide a healthier environment. In such transformation millions of homes are being equipped with smart devices eg.smart meters, sensors etc which generate large volumes of data that can be analyzed to support health care services. The challenge is how to mine complex interdependencies among different appliances usage within a home where multiple data streams are occurring. The main goal is to discover human behavioural characteristics as an approach to understand and predict their activities that could indicate health issues. The human activity datasets which are generated by the smart meters are mined using the Big Data algorithms. If there is no usage of any appliances the result is given as an input to the health care application for further alerting needs.
Keywords : Hadoop on Big Data, MapReduce, Frequent Pattern
 Prasan kumar sahoo (senior member, ieee), Suvendu kumar “Analyzing Healthcare Big Data With Prediction for Future Health Condition”2017 ieee 7th International Advance Computing Conference.  “Smart health: Big data enabled health paradigm within smart cities” by Pramanik, M. I., Lau, R. Y., Demirkan, H., & Azad, M. A. K.,2015 IEEE International Conference.  “An Intelligent System for Mining Usage Patterns from Appliance Data in Smart Home Environment” by Yi-Cheng Chen, 2012 Conference on Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence.  “Estimating human interactions with electrical appliances for activity-based energy savings recommendations” by Cao, H. Â., Wijaya, T. K., Aberer, K., & Nunes, N 2016 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1301- 1308). IEEE.  “A pattern mining approach to sensor- based human activity recognition “by Gu, T., Wang, L., Wu, Z., Tao, X., & Lu, J. 2012 IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 23(9), 1359-1372
Modification of concrete properties by the addition of appropriate materials is a popular field of concrete research. In this study we are focusing on the use of selected waste of steel industry (steel slag) as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in the production of concrete. In this research study, concretes were made with steel slag as substitution for raw fine aggregate. Fine aggregate was replaced by these wastes in different proportions (20%, 40%, & 60 %,) by weight of fine aggregate. The aim of this study is to investigate the compressive strength, split tensile strength and Material properties of concrete with steel chips as a partial replacement for fine aggregate. The experimental results indicates that, the concrete mixed with steel chips have better strength than conventional concrete, while in the case of concrete mixed with the scale of 40%, it attains the maximum strength.
Keywords : Fine Aggregates, Steel Slag, Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength
 Baha Vural KOK, Necati Kuloglu- "Effects of Steel Slag usage us Aggregate on indirect tensile and creep modulus of hot mix asphalt. G.U Journal of Science, 21(3): 97- 103, 2008.  Abdulaziz I. Al-Negheimish, Faisal H. Al- Sugair and Rajeh Z. Al-Zaid Utilization of Local Steelmaking Slag in Concrete-King SaudUniv. Vol. 9. Eng. Sri. (1). pp. 39 55 (A.H. 1417/1997).  Indian Standard Recommended guidelines for concrete mix design IS 10262 -2009.  John Winterbom, Joseph J. Green Natural Slug Association Report November 1998.  IS 383-1970 Indian Standard specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete.  Review of steel slag utilization in Saudi Arabia, Ziauddin a. Khan1, rezqallah. Malkawi 2, khalaf a. Alofi3, and nafis ullah khan.
We introduce the 3D Object Detection Dataset, public dataset for 3D object detection and pose estimation with a strong focus on objects, settings, and requirements that are realistic for industrial setups. Contrary to other 3D object detection datasets that often represent scenarios from everyday life or mobile robotic environments, our setup models industrial bin picking and object inspection tasks that often face different challenges. Additionally, the evaluation citeria are focused on practical aspects, such as runtimes, memory consumption, useful correctness measurements, and accuracy. The dataset contains 28 objects with different characteristics, arranged in over 800 scenes and labelled with around 3500 rigid 3D transformations of the object instances as ground truth. Two industrial 3D sensors and three high-resolution grayscale cameras observe the scene from different angles, allowing to evaluate methods that operate on a variety of different modalities. We initially evaluate 5 different methods on the dataset. Even though some show good results, there is plenty of room for improvement. The dataset and the results are publicly available and we invite others to submit results for evaluation and for optional inclusion in the result lists on the dataset’s website.
Keywords : 3D Object, Data Set
 hen and G. Medioni. Object modelling by registration of multiple range images. Image and vision computing, 10(3):145–155, 1992.  C. Choi, Y. Taguchi, O. Tuzel, M.-Y. Liu, and S. Rama- lingam. Voting-based pose estimation for robotic assembly using a 3d sensor. In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 1724–1731. IEEE, 2012.  B. Drost, M. Ulrich, N. Navab, and S. Ilic. Model globally, match locally: Efficient and robust 3d object recognition. In IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recogni-tion (CVPR), pages 998–1005. Ieee, 2010.  M. Firman. RGBD datasets: Past, present and future. In Pro-ceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, pages 19–31, 2016.  S. Hinterstoisser, V. Lepetit, S. Ilic, S. Holzer, G. Bradski, K. Konolige, and N. Navab. Model based training, detection and pose estimation of texture-less 3d objects in heavily clut-tered scenes. In Asian conference on computer vision, pages 548–562. Springer, 2012.  T. Hodan, P. Haluza, S. Obdrzˇalek,´ J. Matas, M. Lourakis, and X. Zabulis. T-LESS: An RGB-D dataset for 6d pose esti- mation of texture-less objects. In IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), pages 880–888. IEEE, 2017. 2 ˇ  T. Hodan,ˇ J. Matas, and S. Obdrzˇalek´. On evaluation of 6d object pose estimation. In Computer Vision–ECCV 2016 Workshops, pages 606–619. Springer, 2016.  C. Papazov and D. Burschka. An efficient ransac for 3d object recognition in noisy and occluded scenes. In Asian Conference on Computer Vision (ACCV), pages 135–148. Springer, 2010. 7  C. Papazov, S. Haddadin, S. Parusel, K. Krieger, and D. Burschka. Rigid 3d geometry matching for grasping of known objects in cluttered scenes. The International Jour- nal of Robotics Research, 31(4):538–553, 2012.  C. Steger, M. Ulrich, and C. Wiedemann. Machine Vision Algorithms and Applications. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2007.2  M. Ulrich, C. Wiedemann, and C. Steger. Combining scale- space and similarity-based aspect graphs for fast 3d object recognition. IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and ma- chine intelligence, 34(10):1902–1914, 2012.
“Voice Controlled Home Automation for People with Disabilities” is designed to assist the people with physical disabilities, bedridden or elderly to control the electrical home appliances using android application. Mostly the bedridden and elderly people find it difficult to operate the home appliances. This system uses voice commands as well as the switches to operate the electrical appliances in home. An android application is used to get the voice commands from user. A Wi-Fi enabled WEMOS D1 Mini board is used and the home appliances are connected to this board using relays. The cloud service is used to link the android application and the WEMOS board. Hence the entire system is very cheap, it can be used by every people to reduce their effort and time.
Keywords : WEMOS, Voice Commands, Android Application, Cloud Service, Relay
 K. Kannan & Dr. J. Selvakumar (IRJET),” Arduino based voice-controlled robot”.  Norhafizah bt Aripin & M. B. Othman (EECCIS),” Voice Control of Home Appliances using Android”.  Bhavik pandya,Mihir Mehta,Nilesh jain,”Arduino based home automation system using Bluetooth and voice command”.  Sandhya kadam & nilesh jain,” Arduino based home automation system using Bluetooth and voice command-implementation”.  Thedore ramli,Natasha Nabiha Dabihel,Mazlina mamat and Rosalyn R porle,”Simple speech controlled home automation system using android devices”.  Aamir Ali Malik & Fahad Raza Nizamani,” Speaker identification-based home automation system for aging populations through speech recognition”.  Prajwal N,Nithin P,Pavan S & Vignesh K,”Speech recognition based home automation using Arduino”.  A.R.Al-Ali & M.Al-Rousan,”Java-based home automation system”.  appinventor.mit.edu/explore/about-us.html  firebase.google.com,“ Mobile app development/real-time database/crash reporting/authentication”.
Now a day’s numbers of large as well as small shopping malls has increased throughout the global due to increasing public demand & spending. At the time of festivals, special discounts, holidays, etc. there is a huge rush in shopping malls. The use barcode reading technique in such situations always results in waste time since customer has to wait till whole items get scanned. An inexpensive RFID tag can be attached to each smart shopping cart. The RFID reader can automatically read the specific tag of the cart. The Smart Shopping Cart (SSC) can provide customers with the efficient user interface so that the shopping service can be effectively promoted. By the usage of android application we can easily detect the current location of the products in the market. Android application also having the e-wallet method for the payment. This paper presents a preliminary development of the SSC that can be integrated into the smart mall system.
Keywords : Smart Shopping Cart (SSC), RFID Tag, Barcode Reading Technique, Android Application, E-Wallet Method
 J.Suryaprasad, B.O.P. Kumar, D. Roopa and A.K. Arjun, "A Novel Low-Cost Intelligent Shopping Cart”, IEEE 2nd International Conference on Networked Embedded Systems for Enterprise Applications, pp.1-4, 2011.  D.V.S Chandra Babu, “wireless intelligent billing trolley for supermarket”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Technology, vol.3, issue 1, Aug. 2012.  Ankit Anil Aggarwal, “RFID Based Automatic Shopping Cart”, The International Institute for Science, Technology and Education journal on Control Theory and Informatics ,vol.1, no.1, 2011.  Diana S. S. Santos, António M. J. Pereira and Ramiro M. R. M. Gonçalves “Intelligent Cart: Architecture of an Innovative System for the Acquisition of Products in Grocery Stores”, Communications of International Business Information Management Association journal, vol.8, pp. 80-87, 2009.  Panos E. Kourouthanassis and George M. Giaglis, “Shopping in the 21st Century: Embedding Technology in the Retail Arena”, Consumer Driven Electronic Transformation, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp.227-239, 2005.  www.nxp.com/documents/user_manual/UM 10139.pdf  Kenneth J. Ayala, “The 8051 Microcontroller”, Cengage Learning, 3rd Edition, 2004.  http://www.rfidjournal.com  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/zigbee  American Time Use Survey, http://www.bls.gov/tus/charts.  Australian Bureau of Statistics, http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.n sf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features50Jun+201 1.  http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac79/docs/ retail/Mashop-survey-metrics _UNITED- STATES. PDF  Chihhsiong Shih, Bwo-cheng Liang and Cheng-zu Lin, “An Automatic Smart Shopping Cart Deployment Framework based on Pattern Design”, IEEE 15th International Symposium on Consumer Electronics, 2011.  Satoru Uehara, Osamu Mizuno and Tohru Kikuno, “An Implementation of Electronic Shopping Cart on the Web System using Component-Object Technology”, Proceedings of IEEE, Sixth International Workshop on Object-Oriented Real-Time Dependable Systems, 2001
Demand is one of the major threads for our country. Finding solutions, to meet the “Energy- demand” is the great challenge for social scientist, Engineers, entrepreneurs, industrialist of our country. According to them, applications of non-conventional energy is the only alternate solution for conventional energy demand. Now a days a concept and technology employing this non-conventional energy becomes very popular for all kinds of development activities. Solar energy an important role in drying agriculture products and for irrigation purpose pumping the well water in remote villages without electricity. This technology on solar energy can be extended for spraying pesticides, sfungicides and fertilizers etc, using polar sprayers.
Keywords : Spray Pumb, Agriculture Sprayer
 R.JOSHUA, V.VASU & P.VINCENT, Solar Sprayer-An Agriculture Implement, International Journal of Sustainable Agriculture2 (1): 16-19,2010ISSN 2079-2107  Abhishek Jivrag, Vinayak Chawre, Aditya Bhagwat, Solar Operated Multiple Granulated Pesticide Duster WCE 2011, July 6 - 8, 2011, London, U.K, Vol. III. ISBN: 978-988-19251-5-2.  “Development and Evaluation of Solar Powered Sprayer with Multi-Purpose Applications”-Yallappa D.1*, Vijayakumar Palled2, M. Veerangouda3 and Sushilendra4 College of Agricultural Engineering, University of Agricultural Science, Raichur – 584104, Karnataka, INDIA
Objective of this paper is to combine the concept of solar power, wireless power transfer concept used for the generation of power and Internet of Things (IoT) based power management. A solar power inverter is designed to produce AC power required for the circuit. The generated power can be used in the application of power management where the devices are controlled by the technology called Internet of Things. The proposed design concept is used to monitor and control electrical energy consuming devices like switches, bulb, television, etc., in order to effectively balance energy generation and usage. Renewable energy sources are utilized for system working to show effectiveness in design. The obtained AC power is utilized further in wireless power transfer circuit to again recharge the battery through a rectifier circuit. The hardware demonstration for home automation made in this paper will help in reducing energy wastage by continuously monitoring and controlling the electrical appliances.
Keywords : Solar Power, Wireless Power Transfer, Internet of Things
 Input/output Peripheral Devices Control through Serial through Serial Communication Using Micro Blaze Processor [IEEE ICDCS 2012]  Sharon Panth, Mahesh Jivani, “Home Automation System Using Android for Mobile phone”, International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering.  Nupur K. Sonawane, Payal D. Waghchavare, Kajal A. Patel. “Bluetooth Based Device Automation System Using Cellphone”, International Journal of Computer Applications & Information Technology.  Ming Yan, Hao Shi, “SMART LIVING USING BLUETOOTHBASED ANDROID SMARTPHONE”, International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks (IJWMN) Vol. 5, No. 1.  B. MURALIKRISHNA, P. SUJITHA, HABIBULLA KHAN, “REAL TIME EDGE DETECTION MODELLING WITH FPGA”, International Journal of VLSI and Embedded Systems-IJVES.  H. C. Tadimeti and M. Pulipati, “Overview of automation systems and home appliances control using PC and microcontroller,” Int. J. Sci.Res., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 127–131, Apr. 2013.  T. Kim, H. Lee, and Y. Chung, “Advanced universal remote controller for home automation and security,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron., vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 2537– 2542, Nov. 2010.  J. Han, H. Lee, and K.-R. Park, “Remote- controllable and energy- saving room architecture based on ZigBee communication,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 264–268, Feb.2009.  K. Gill, S.-H. Yang, F. Yao, and X. Lu, “A ZigBee-based home automation system,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron., vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 422–430, May 2009.  H. Erdem and A. Uner, “A multi- channel remote controller for home and office appliances,” IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron., vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 2184–2189, Nov. 2009.  B.T. Ranum et al., “Development of wireless power transfer receiver for mobile charging”, in IEEE International conference on Engineering and Renewable energy (ICPERE), pp.48-51, Dec 2014.  K.P. Panda, N. Behera and K.L. Biswal, “Wireless power transfer application in GSM controlled robot for home automation”, International Journal of electrical, computer, energetic, electronic and communication engineering (WASET), vol.10, no.8, pp.1101-1106, 2016
Generally high voltage boost gain cannot be achieved in conventional step-up converters since the parasitic parameters will set an upper limit on the duty ratio at which the converter can efficiently operate. In recent years many high step-up DC-DC converters have been proposed. Among the developed converters, the high step-up single switch converters exhibit large input current ripple which make them unsuitable to operate at heavy load due to high conduction losses. So a new super boost converter is designed. This converter consists of switched capacitors and two coupled inductors. This combination of coupled inductors and switched capacitors can provide high voltage boost gain while operating with small duty cycle. By using one individual DC voltage source in an interleaved manner the converter can be powered. The configuration of the proposed converter advantages such as low power losses, longer lifetime of input sources due to non-pulsating input current, low voltage stress across the main switches and slow output fluctuation. The concept is to constant voltage By implementing this converter a 22.5 times gain can be reached 0.5 duty ratio and turns ratio equal to 2.Simulation results will be presented to demonstrate the authenticity of the proposed converter.
Keywords : Super boost DC/DC Converter, Photovoltaic systems, Interleaved boost converter, Coupled inductor, MPPT Controller, Incremental conductance algorithm
 T. Kefalas and A. Kladas, "Analysis of transformers working under heavily saturated conditions in grid-connected renewable energy systems", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 59, pp. 2342-2350, 2010.  H. Ghoddami and A. Yazdani, "A single-stage three-phase photovoltaic system with enhanced maximum power point tracking capability and increased power rating," IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 26, pp. 1017 1029,2010.  W. Li, Y. Zhao, J. Wu and X. He, "Interleaved High Step-Up Converter with Winding-Cross-Coupled Inductors and Voltage Multiplier Cells,“ IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. I , pp. 133-143,2011  S. M. Chen, T. J. Liang, L. S. Yang, and J. F. Chen, "A safety enhanced, high step-up dc-dc converter for ac photovoltaic module application,“ IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1809-1817, Apr. 2012.  G. A. L. Henn , R. N. A. L. Silva , P. P. Praca , L. H. S. C. Barreto and D. S. Oliveira Jr., "Interleaved-boost converter with high voltage gain", IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 25, no. II, pp. 2753-2761,2012  K. Tseng, C. Huang, "High step-up high-efficiency interleaved converter with voltage multiplier module for renewable energy system", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 1311-1319, Mar. 2012.  W. Li, Y. Zhao, J. Wu and X. He, "Interleaved High Step-Up Converter with Winding-Cross-Coupled Inductors and Voltage Multiplier Cells,“ IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. I , pp. 133-143,2013.  W. Li, W. Li, X. Xiang, Y. Hu, X. He, "High step-up interleaved converter with built-in transformer voltage multiplier cells for sustainable energy applications", IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 29,no. 6,pp. 2829-2836,Jun. 2014.  V. A. K Prabhala, B. P. Baddipadiga and M. Ferdowsi, "A DC-DC converter with high voltage gain" IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 4206-4215, Jun. 2015.  K. C. Tseng, C. C. Huang, "A high step-up converter with a voltage multiplier module for a PV system," IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 30-37, Jun. 2016.
Solar energy is a promising alternative energy source for a sustainable pollution-free future. But certain factors such as solar irradiation, lack of sunlight during night hours etc. degrade or diminish the scope of solar power. To address with this problem MPPT technique is used here. Due to the requirements of high efficiency, reliability, power density and low cost and reduced size, transformerless PV inverters can be utilized in a grid-connected solar energy system. But the presence of transformerless system will lead to leakage currents, which is not at all acceptable in the case of grid connected applications. So to reduce leakage currents the modified version of H6 inverters ie an H8 inverter is used in this paper. In order to synchronize H8 inverter and grid PI controllers are used. This paper aims to utilize solar energy and reduce the leakage currents produced by transformerless inverter for grid connected applications. This is done by the integration of solar, transformerless step-up converter and h8 inverter. The concept is to utilize renewable sources effectively which helps in reducing the grid demand.
Keywords : Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), Photovoltaic (PV)
 Marcelo C. Cavalcanti, Alexandre M. de Farias, “Modulation Techniques to Eliminate Leakage Currents in Transformerless Three-Phase Photovoltaic Systems” , IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 57, NO. 4, APRIL 2010.  Francisco D. Freijedo, Alejandro G. Yepes, “Three Phase Inverter Topologies for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Applications”, ," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, pp. 3602-3618, 2014  Shameem Ahmad, Md. Tanvir Rashid “A Technical Comparison Among Different PV-MPPT Algorithms to Observe the Effect of Fast Changing Solar Irradiation” , IEEE International WIE Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, pp. no. 155-158, 2015 April.  Amresh Kumar Singh, Ikhlaq Hussain “An Improved P&O MPPT Algorithm for Single Stage Three-Phase Grid Integrated Solar PV System”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronicsvol. 81, APRIL 2016.  Ahmad Syed, S.Tara Kalyani, “Three-Phase Eight Switch Inverter with Reduced Common mode voltage for Transformerless Photovoltaic Systems”, International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT), vol.64, pp.no. 2840-2844, 2016 March  R. R. Karasani, V. B. Borghate, P. M. Meshram, H. M. Suryawanshi, and S. Sabyasachi, "A Three-Phase Hybrid Cascaded Modular Multilevel Inverter for Renewable Energy Environment," IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 1070-1087, 2017.  E. Afshari, G. R. Moradi, R. Rahimi, B. Farhangi, Y. Yang, F. Blaabjerg, and S. Farhangi, "Control Strategy for Three-Phase Grid Connected PV Inverters Enabling Current Limitation under Unbalanced Faults," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-10, 2017.  E. S. Sreeraj, K. Chatterjee, and S. Bandyopadhyay, “One- cyclecontrolled single-stage single-phase voltage-sensorless grid-connected pv system,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 1216-1224, Mar. 2013.  T. Kerekes, R. Teodorescu, M. Liserre, C. Klumpner, and M. Sumner, “Evaluation of three-phase transformerless photovoltaic inverter topologies,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 2202- 2211, Sept. 2009.  H. AbdEl-Gawad and V. K. Sood; “Overview of connection topologies for grid-connected PV systems,” in proc. IEEE Canadian conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, Toronto, ON, 2014, pp. 1-8.  C. Noeding, M. Kazanbas, S. Araujo and P. Zacharias, “Towards High Power Ratings: Prospects and Challenges of SiC Technology, ” in proc. Int. Exhib. and Conf. for Power Electron., Intelligent Motion, Renewable Energy and Energy Management, Nuremberg, Germany, 2015, pp. 1-6.  D. Ronanki and P. Parthiban, “PV-Battery Powered Direct Torque Controlled Switched Reluctance Motor Drive,” in proc Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conf., Shanghai, 2012, pp. 1-4.  J. Young-Hyok, J. Doo-Yong, K. Jun-Gu, K. Jae-Hyung, L. Tae-Won, and W. Chung-Yuen, “A real maximum power point tracking method for mismatching compensation in PV array under partially shaded conditions, ”EEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1001-1009, Apr. 2011.
This paper is about an efficient brushless dc (BLDC) motor drive for solar photovoltaic (SPV) Array based application. A positive luo converter is utilized to extract the maximum available power from the SPV array and the LUO converter is designed to operate on Discontinuous Conduction Mode DCM for Improve the PF. The LUO converter feeding the 3-phase supply to the BLDC motor via VSI circuit. Low frequency signals used for trigger the switches. Single sensor used for monitor the speed of the BLDC motor. A Direct Power Perturb & Observe (DPPO) algorithm is proposed to control the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for a photovoltaic (PV) system. The proposed control algorithm eliminates phase current sensors and adapts a fundamental frequency switching of the voltage source inverter (VSI), thus avoiding the power losses due to high frequency switching. No additional control or circuitry is used for speed control of the BLDC motor. The speed control can be achieved through a VSI. An appropriate control of positive luo converter through a Direct power perturb and observe (DPPO) is proposed to control the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for a photovoltaic (PV) system offers soft starting of the BLDC motor. The proposed system is designed and modelled such that the performance is not affected under dynamic conditions. The suitability of proposed system at practical operating conditions is demonstrated through simulation results using MATLAB/Simulink followed by an experimental validation.
Keywords : brushless dc (BLDC), solar photovoltaic (SPV), A fuzzy logic control (FLC), maximum power point tracking (MPPT), voltage source inverter (VSI)
 Z. Xuesong, S. Daichun, M. Youjie, and C. Deshu, “The simulation and design for MPPT of PV system based on incremental conductance method,” in Proc. WASE Int. Conf. Inf.Eng. (ICIE), vol. 2, pp. 314–317. Aug. 14–15, 2010.  K. H. Ahmed, M. S. Hamad, S. J. Finney, and B. W. Williams, “DC-side shunt active power filter for line commutated rectifiers to mitigate the output voltage harmonics,” in Proc.IEEE Energy Convers. Congr. Expo. (ECCE), pp. 151–157, Sep. 12–16, 2010.  R. F. Coelho, W. M. dos Santos, and D. C. Martins, “Influence of power converters on PV maximum power point tracking efficiency,” in Proc. 10th IEEE/IAS Int. Conf. Ind. Appl. (INDUSCON), pp. 1–8, Nov. 5–7, 2012.  D. D. C. Lu and Q. N. Nguyen, “A photovoltaic panel emulator using a buck–boost dc/dc converter and a low cost micro-controller,” Solar Energy, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 1477–1484, May 2012.  S. Satapathy, K. M. Dash, and B. C. Babu, “Variable step size MPPT algorithm for photo voltaic array using zeta converter—A comparative analysis,” in Proc. Students Conf. Eng. (SCES) ,pp. 1–6.Apr. 12–14, 2013  R. Kumar and B. Singh, “Buck–boost converter fed BLDC motor drive for solar PV array based water pumping,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Power Electron. Drives Energy Syst. (PEDES), pp. 1– 6, Dec. 16–19, 2014  B. Singh and V. Bist,“Power quality improvements in a zeta converter for brushless dc motor drives,” IET Sci. Meas. Technol., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 351–361, May 2015  CPTK Kumara and JP Karunadasa “A Comparative Evaluation of Existing Mppt Algorithms and Development of a Hybrid Algorithm for Photovoltaic Systems,” Proceedings of 8th International Research Conference, KDU, Published November 2015  B. Singh, Rajan kumar, “BLDC Motor-Driven Solar PV Array-Fed Water Pumping System Employing Zeta Converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 1179–1188, May./Jun. 2016  Chaitanya Pansare, Shailendra Kumar Sharma, Chinmay Jain, Rakesh Saxena “Analysis of a Modified Positive Output Luo Converter and its application to Solar PV system,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 1179–1188, jun. 2017
Authenticated key exchange is one of the most important applications in applied cryptography, the user interacts with a server to set up a session key to pre-registered information, authentication factor, like password or biometrics of the user is stored. Single-factor AKE is widely used in practice. Higher security concerns call for MFAKE schemes, e.g. combining passwords, biometrics and device simultaneously. Casually designed schemes, security is even weakened in the sense that leakage of one authentication factor will defeat the whole MFAKE protocol. An inevitable by-product arises that the usability of the protocol often drops greatly. To summarize, the existing multi-factor protocols did not provide enough security and efficiency simultaneously. It proposes a very efficient MFAKE protocol. It defines the security model and gives the according to security analysis. It also implements our proposed method as textual, graphical, biometric and device password to access the user accounts. The theoretic comparisons and the experimental results show that this scheme achieves both security and usability operating conditions is demonstrated through simulation results using MATLAB/Simulink followed by an experimental validation.
Keywords : AKE, MFAKE Protocol, AKE, Cryptography
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Multiplier is one of the arithmetic operations that are used in VLSI circuits. Approximate multiplier is designed by using half adder, full adder and 4-2 compressor. Approximate multiplier is used to reduce the logic gate count, power consumption, delay and it provides high speed output. Area and speed of approximate multiplier is efficient than the conventional multipliers. This adder is mainly used in DSP Application, Image Processing. The simulation result shows the low power consumption by using Xilinx ISE simulation tool.
Keywords : Approximate Computing, Gates, Error Analysis
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Increasing power demand provokes the young minds to found alternative solution using various modes. Among the various method of conventional power generation, solar is a prominent energy source for generating power. But the availability of the same is possible only during the day time and is also affected by monsoon variations. An alternative effort to solve this problem is proposed in this paper using IR sensors. The IR sensor is a grid arrangement could be used for energizing the solar panel during the night time and even during the days of monsoon variations. This work analyze the efficiency and driving capacity of the IR grid used for power generation.
Keywords : Power Generation, IR Grid, Solar Cells, LDR
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Automatic detection of explosives and terrorist using wireless sensor networks monitors and tracks the explosives that are placed by terrorists at public Environments. There are two individual systems which are interconnected with each other for detection purpose. The area under study is monitored in real time, collect data by the sensor and send to the processor which process the data and compares with the database and if there is a match the processor enables the buzzer which provides early warning to the people in that area. A sensor which is placed in the sewage collects the traces of explosives and identifies the related area from where it is manufactured, in other module metal detector is placed in order to find the explosive placed there. The current system in operation uses sensors which are very expensive and not very sensitive and also uses a good deal of power. The chemical sensor used here is less expensive and efficient also.
Keywords : Explosive Detection, Paper Sensor, Wireless Sensors, Automatic Explosive Detection System, Less Cost
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The quest for Home Automation is every increasing, given the need for more secure ways to protect our belongings. This project “Cloud Based Home Sheltering Using Raspberry Pi” proposes a system to secure one’s property with the ability to ability to remotely control the safety system.
Keywords : Raspberry PI, PIR Sensor, Electronic Lock
 M. N. N. A. Asghar, M.H., "Principle application and vision in internet of things (IoT)", Communication Technologies (GCCT) 2016 Global Conference on, May 2016.  A. R. C. Y. O. K. Withanage, C., "A comparison of the popular home automation technologies", may 2015.  B. R. Pavithra, D., "Iot based monitoring and control system for home automation", pp. 169-173, April 2015.  W. H. E. Liu, and D. Pearson, "Consumer-centric smart grid,” in Proc. 2015 IEEE Power Engineering Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT).  Al-Ali Abdul-Rahman, Mohammad Al-Rousan "Java-based home automation system", Consumer Electronics IEEE Transactions
Blindness is a state of lacking the visual perception due to physiological or neurological factors. In the existing system only specific functions are available whereas in this proposed system more than three functions are integrated together. In this project, simple, cheap and user-friendly smart blind guidance system is designed and implemented to improve the mobility of blind and visually impaired people. The project includes wearable equipment comprising earphones. It is connected to raspberry-pi in order to perform the functions such as obstacle detection, face recognition, image to speech conversion and currency detection to help the visually impaired people to move anywhere without the help of others. In this project image processing with Haar classifier algorithm and ANN algorithm is used to perform the functions.
Keywords : Obstacle Detection, Face Recognition, Image Processing, HAAR Classifier Algorithm, ANN Algorithm
 Ayush Wattal, Ashutosh Ojha, Manoj Kumar. Obstacle detection for visually impaired using raspberry pi and ultrasonic sensors. National conference on Product /Design (NCPD 2016), July 2016.  Swathi.V, Steven Fernandes. Raspberry pi based human face detection. IJARCCE Vol 4, Issue 9, September 2015.  Vandna Singh, Dr.Vinod Shokeen, Bhupendra Singh-Face detection by haar cascade classifier with simple and complex backgrounds images using opencv implementation-IJATES-Volume No. 01, Issue No. 12, December 2013 ISSN: 2348–7550.  Narayan T. Deshpande, Dr. S. Ravishankar-Face Detection and Recognition using Viola-Jones algorithm and Fusion of PCA and ANN-Advances in Computational Sciences and Technology ISSN 0973-6107 Volume 10, Number 5 (2017) pp. 1173-1189.  Shrutika V. Deshmukh, Prof Dr. U.A. Kshirsagar. Face detection and face recognition using Raspberri pi. IJARCCE ISO 3297:2007 Vol. 6. Issue 4, April 2017.  K. Lakshmi T. Chandra Sekhar Rao. Design and implementation of text to speech. International journal of innovative technology and research Volume No.4, Issue No.6, October – November 2016, 4564-4567. 2320.  Searched from the following link SourceForge.net and the repository-github.com/espeak-ng/espeak-ng/.  Snehal Saraf, Vrushali Sindhikar, Shamali Thakare. Currency recognition system for visually Impaired. IJARIIE-ISSN (O)-2395-4396. Vol-3 Issue-2 2017.
The digital architecture is mainly used in all type of real world application architectures and thus the architecture modify based on enhancement purpose. The VISI is to optimize the any type of digital architecture. Multiplication is an important fundamental function in arithmetic logic operation. Computational performance of a DSP system is limited by its multiplication performance and since, multiplication dominates the execution time of most DSP algorithms. Multiplication is one of the basic arithmetic operations and it requires substantially more hardware resources and processing time than addition and subtraction. Vedic Mathematics is the ancient system of mathematics which has a unique technique of calculation based on 16 Sutras. Our work is to develop the 32 –bit Vedic multiplier architecture using carry look ahead adder technique.
Keywords : Vedic Multiplier, Carry Look Ahead Adder
 Suganthi Venkatachalam and Seok – Burn Ko, IEEE JOURNAL”Design of Power and Area Effcient Approximate Multiplier December 2016”.  P. Ram Sirisha, Dr.A.M. Prasad, IEEE JOURNAL“Design and Performance Analysis of 32 bit Array Multiplier using optimized Carry Select Adder September 2015”.  Anushukhare Ashish, Raghwanshiruchi Gupta, IEEE JOURNAL“Vedic ALU using Area optimized Urdhva Triyambakam Multiplier 2014”.  Pratisha Rai, Shailendra Kumar, Prof.(Dr.) S.H. Saeed, IEEE JOURNAL“Design of floating point multiplier using Vedic Aphorims 2014”.  Sudhanshu Shekhar Pandey, Amit Bakshi, Vikash Sharma, IEEE JOURNAL“128 bit Low Power and Area Efficient Carry Select Adder May 2013”.  N. Vijayabala and T.S. Saravana Kumar, IEEE JOURNAL “Area minimization of Carry Select Adder using Boolean algebra July 2013”.  T. Ratna Mala, R. Viney Kumar, T. Chandra Kala, IEEE JOURNAL “Design and Verification of Area efficient High Speed Carry Select Adder November 2012”.  S. Ramachandran, Kirti. S. Pande , IEEE JOURNAL“Design, Implementation and Performance Analysis of an Integrated Vedic Multiplier Architecture 2012”.  Rangharajan Vemkatesan, Amit Agarwal, Kaushik Roy and Anand Raghunathan, IEEE JOURNAL “Modeling and Analysis of circuits for Approximate Computing 2011”.  C.N. Marimuthu, Dr.P.Thangaraj, Aswathy Ramesan, IEEE JOURNAL“Low Power Shift and ADD Multiplier Design June 2010”.
In such an IOT framework, an Inexpensive RFID tag can be connected to every item which, When set into a savy shopping basket, can be consequently Read by a truck outfitted with a RFID per user. Furthermore, Smart racking can be included into this framework, outfitted with RFID per users, and can screen stock, maybe additionally refreshing a focal server. Another advantage of this sort of framework is that Inventory administration turns out to be significantly less demanding, as all things can be naturally perused by a RFID per user and shows if the items lapse date isn't substantial. Everything about be refreshed in IOT site.
Keywords : IOT, Smart Shopping, Smart Cart, Security
 F. Xia, L. T. Yang, L. Wang, and A. Vinel, “Internet of things,” International Journal of Communication Systems, vol. 25, no. 9, p. 1101, 2012.  P. Castillejo, J.-F. Martinez, J. Rodriguez-Molina, and A. Cuerva, “Integration of wearable devices in a wireless sensor network for an e-health application,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 38–49, 2013.  N. Mitton, S. Papavassiliou, A. Puliafito, and K. S. Trivedi, “Combining cloud and sensors in a smart city environment,” EURASIP journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, vol. 2012, no. 1, p. 1, 2012.  T. Song, R. Li, X. Xing, J. Yu, and X. Cheng, “A privacy preserving communication protocol for iot applications in smart homes,” in to appear in International Conference on Identification, Information and Knowledge in the Internet of Things (IIKI) 2016, 2016.  D. M. Dobkin, The rf in RFID: uhf RFID in practice. Newnes, 2012.  Raju Kumar, K. Gopalakrishna, K. Ramesha, “Intelligent Shopping Cart,” International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2013.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/zigbee.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayesian_network.  http://www.rfidjournal.com  EktaMaini and JyotiShettar” Wireless Intelligent Billing Trolley for Malls, International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology Volume No.3 Issue  A. Yewatkar, F. Inamdar, R. Singh, A. Bandal et al., “Smart cart with automatic billing, product information, product recommendation using rfid & zigbee with anti-theft,” Procedia Computer Science, vol. 79, pp. 793–800, 2016.  Z. Cai, Z. He, X. Guan, and Y. Li, “Collective data-sanitization for preventing sensitive information inference attacks in social networks,” IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing, 2016.  Z. He, Z. Cai, Q. Han, W. Tong, L. Sun, and Y. Li, “An energy efficient privacy-preserving content sharing scheme in mobile social networks,” Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 833–846, 2016.  L. Zhang, Z. Cai, and X. Wang, “Fakemask: A novel privacy preserving approach for smart phones,” IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 335–348, 2016.  Y. Wang, Z. Cai, G. Yin, Y. Gao, X. Tong, and G. Wu, “An incentive mechanism with privacy protection in mobile crowd sourcing systems,” Computer Networks, vol. 102, pp. 157–171, 2016.  X. Jin, M. Zhang, N. Zhang, and G. Das, “Versatile publishing for privacy preservation,” in Proceedings of the 16th ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining. ACM, 2010, pp. 353–362.  C. Hu, R. Li, W. Li, J. Yu, Z. Tian, and R. Bie, “Efficient privacypreserving schemes for dot-product computation in mobile computing,” in Proceedings of the 2st ACM Workshop on Privacy-Aware Mobile Computing. ACM, 2016, pp. 51–59.
We all know that, the fastest communication was possible only by optical fiber and the efficiency was also high when compared with other wired and wireless medium. Even though in optical fiber, there are several dispersion and other non-linear losses in the optical fiber communication. Here we analyze various dispersion parameters in optical mode of communication with the help of optisystem software and we rectify those errors to increase the efficiency by changing several parameter values and certain components.
Keywords : Optical Fiber, Optical Spectrum, GVD, CW Laser
 Optical Soliton Simulation in Optical Fibers by OptiSystem (Gangwar R, Singh S P and Singh N 2017 Soliton-Based Optical Communication. Progress in Electromagnetics Research, PIER. 74 157–166 ).  Optical soliton Pulse Generator in Single Mode Optical Fiber ( Arbaeyah Binti Abdul Razak, “Optical Solitons Simulation In Single Mode Optical Fiber Over 40gb/s,”,2015)  Spectral and power efficiency investigation in single- and multi-line-rate optical wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) networks Sridhar Iyer, Shree Prakash Singh in 2017.
Manual toll systems in India are found everywhere at present. This paper focuses on an Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) system using radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. The main goal is to accomplish the contact less toll payment. In this thesis we will discuss RFID based Smart Toll Collection System as a solution to solve the traffic problems and also to maintain transparency of the toll collection system. The aim of the project is to design a system, which automatically identifies an approaching vehicle with the help of the RFID tag. A vehicle will hold an RFID tag with a unique identification number which is placed on the windshield of the vehicle. This number will be assigned by RTO or traffic governing authority. In accordance with this number we will store, all basic information as well as the amount he has paid in advance for the TOLL collection. Thus the reader reads the information in the tag and the transaction takes place through a centralized data base and the aftermath details of the transaction is intimated to the user’s mobile through GSM technology.
Keywords : Electronic Toll Collection (ETC), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), GSM Technology
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This paper deals with reduction of Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) in the AC Mains by implementing the power factor corrected (PFC) ZigZag Converter for multiple output Switch Mode Power Supply (SMPS) circuit. The system consists of converting single phase supply voltage into multiple output DC voltages. In this work ZigZag converter which is DC – DC converter is operated in various modes from which best selection is done which is suitable for many industrial applications. Another converter is cascaded with Zigzag converter to convert one level of voltage into multiple levels of DC Voltages. Finally the test results are obtained in MATLAB software ZigZag converter operating in different Modes.
Keywords : Zigzag Converter, Switch Mode Power Supply, Power factor Correction, Total Harmonic Distortion, Operating Modes
 Bhim Singh, G. Bhuvaneswari, "Power Factor Corrected Zigzag Converter Based Improved Power Quality Switched Mode Power Supply" IEEE Transactions on industrial electronics, vol. 62, no. @, september 2015  Swati Narula, G. Bhuvaneswari "Modular Zigzag Converter Based Power Quality Improved SMPS for Arc Welding"  D #nisur Cruz Martins "Application of the Zigzag converter in switched mode power supplies" IEEE Power Convers Conf ,Apr. 1@@3, pp. 147 152  D.P.SYMANS$I"Distribution circuit power quality considerations For supply to large digital computer loads" IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-100, No. 12 December 1@@1  Bernhard Wicht Robert Bosch Center for Power Electronics Reutlingen University "A 120/230 Vrms-to-3.3V Micro Power Supply witha Fully Integrated 17V SC DCDC Converter"IEEE 2016  Geoffrey R. Walker "Cascaded DC DC Converter Connection of Photovoltaic Modules" IEEE Transactions on power electronics, vol. 1@, no. 4, july 2004  Joseph W. Spencer"Analysis of Boost PFC Converters Operating in the Discontinuous Conduction Mode" IEEE Transactions On Power Electronics, Vol. 26, No. 12, December 2011
The harvesting of renewable solar energy is on demand due to the rising need of electricity in the current global scenario. PV generation system which is connected with Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverters. Many companies are striving to improve the performance of this system since electrical has become a very precious thing hence this paper proposes an idea as a solution to that by improving the system performance by reducing its THD and harmonics.
Keywords : Photovoltaic (PV) Generation System, Cascaded H- Bridge Multilevel Inverter, PI Controller
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Smart water management system is one of the basic necessities in the present scenario. Solar energy is the best green energy generation in India. Solar power operated agriculture pumps are available in the market today. The problem is in the effective usage of solar power, water and their savings. So it is necessary to store solar power in the battery and water quality and level indicating techniques are used to effectively manage the water system. The pure water is given to the domestic purposes and impure water is given to the agricultural purposes according to the quality of the water. The level indicator warns the user about the level of water in the underground and overhead tanks. The solar powered water pump automatically switches on or off according to the level of the water in the tank. The impure water is sprayed into the field according to the moisture and temperature level in the water. All this techniques are controlled using Arduino. Using the controller it will send the notification to the user. Users can save the energy and water by sensing and analyzing the information via mobile applications.
Keywords : Cloud Computing, Arduino, Sensors, pH, Turbidity
 D. CITHARTHAN, T.JONAH GILBERT “IoT- Analyzing Humidity and Temperature Using Arduino Microcontroller and ESP8266”  Design of small photovoltaic solar powered water pump systems, natural resources conservation services october 2010  Central ground water board ministry of water resources government of india faridabad 2010  1Michael D. Dukes, Mary Shedd, and Bernard Cardenas-Lailhacar2”Smart Irrigation Controllers: How Do Soil Moisture Sensor (SMS) Irrigation Controllers Work”  A.N.Prasad, K. A. Mamun, F. R. Islam, H. Haqva”Smart Water Quality Monitoring System”  Prashant Salunke, Jui Kate “Advanced Smart Sensor Interface in Internet of Things for Water Quality Monitoring” Feb 24-26, 2017  K.Lokesh Krishna, Omayo Silver, Wasswa Fahad Malende “Internet of things application for implementation of smart agriculture system” 2017
This project presents a design and prototype implementation of new home automation system that uses Wi-Fi technology as a network infrastructure connecting its parts. The proposed system consists of two main components; the first part is the server (web server), which presents system core that manages, controls, and monitors users’ home. Second part is hardware interface module, which provides appropriate interface to sensors and actuator of home automation system. Unlike most of available home automation system in the market the proposed system is scalable that one server can manage many hardware interface modules as long as it exists on Wi-Fi network coverage. System supports a wide range of home automation devices like power management components, and security components. The proposed system is better from the scalability and flexibility point of view than the commercially available home automation systems.
Keywords : IoT, Wi-Fi, Arduino Uno
 Comparison of various technologies in home automation system-International journal of research and scientific innovation (IJRSI) Volume IV, issue V, May 2017 ISSN  An overview of Home automation systems-Muhammad Asadullah ahsan raza, department of electrical engineering National University of computer and emerging, sciences peshawar,Pakistan  IoT based smart security and Home automation system-Ravi Kishore Kodali, Vishal Jain, Suvadeep Bose and Lakshmi Boppana Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering  National Institute of Technology, Warangal