Google Glass is a brand of smart glasses - an optical head-mounted display designed in the shape of a pair of eyeglasses. It was developed by X (previously Google X) with the mission of producing a ubiquitous computer. It displays information in a smartphone-like hands-free format. Wearers communicated with the Internet via natural language voice commands. Google Glass (styled "GLΛSS") is a wearable computer with an optical head-mounted display. Google Glass displays information in a smart phone-like hands-free format, which can interact with the Internet via natural language voice commands. It combines numerous functions and features in a very small unit. In addition to phone and camera (photo, video), it offers Internet connection, including GPS.
Keywords : Google Glass, OHMD, Smart Phone
 Arthur, Charles (2012, September 10) UK company’s augmented reality glasses could be better than Google's Retrieved November 6,2012 by http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/sep/10/augmented-reality-glasses-google-project  Bernstein, Joseph A. (2012, June 5) 2012 Invention Awards: Augmented Reality Contact Lenses retrieved by November 6, 2012 by http://www.popsci.com/diy/article/2012-05/2012-invention-awards-augmented-reality-contact-lenses  Choi, Charles Q. (2012, February 2) Virtual Reality Contact Lenses Could be available by 2014 Retrieved November 6, 2012 by http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=virtual -reality-contact-l  Goldman, David (2012, June 27) Google Glasses are $1,500 – and you can’t have them Retrieved November 7, 2012 by http://money.cnn.com/2012/06/27/technology/google-glasses/index.htm  Goldman, David (2012,July 31) Microsoft’s Google Glass Rival Retrieved November 5, 2012 by http://money.cnn.com/2012/07/31/technology/microsoft-wearable-display/index.htm  Goldman, David (2012, April 4) Google unveils ‘Project Glass’ virtual reality glasses Retrieved November6, 2012 by http://money.cnn.com/2012/04/04/technology/google-project-glass/index.htm  Google Inc. Announces Third Quarter 2012 Results (2012, October 18). In Google Investor Relations. Retrieved November 8, 2012, from http://investor.google.com/earnings/2012/Q3_google_ear nings.html  Google Developers (2012, June 28) Google I/O 2012–Keynote Day 1 Retrieved November 7, 2012 by http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VuC0i4xTyrI
There is new concept of “RED TACTON” which makes the human body as a communication network by name HAN (Human Area Network). NTT lab from Japan is currently testing & developing this revolutionary technology. Red Tacton is the major requirement and advantage for people. Red Tacton uses the minute electric field generated by human body as medium for transmitting the data. The chips which will be embedded in various devices contain transmitter and receiver built to send and accept data in digital format. In this paper we consider about red tacton, its working principle, different applications and future development of redtacton.
Keywords : Red Tacton, Network, NTT
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Recently technological and population development, the usage of vehicles are rapidly increasing and at the same time the occurrence accident is also increased. Hence, the value of human life is ignored. No one can prevent the accident, but can save their life by expediting the ambulance to the hospital in time. A new vivid scheme called Intelligent Accident detection system is introduced. The objective of this scheme is to minimize the delay caused by traffic congestion and to provide the smooth flow of emergency vehicles. The concept of this scheme is to green the traffic signal in the path of ambulance automatically with the help of RF module. So that the ambulance can reach the spot in time and human life can be saved and the accident location is identified sends the accident location immediately to the main server. The main server finds the nearest ambulance to the accident zone and sends the exact accident location to the emergency vehicle. The control unit monitors the ambulance and provides the shortest path to the ambulance at the same time it controls the traffic light according to the ambulance location and thus arriving at the hospital safely. This scheme is fully automated, thus it locates the accident spot accurately, controls the traffic lights, provide the shortest path to reach the location and to the hospital in time.
Keywords : Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), Global Positioning System (GPS), Global Packet Radio Service (GPRS), Short Message Service (SMS), Radio Frequency (RF)
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Locomotive Mounted Wind Turbine (LMWT) is a mounted horizontal axis wind turbine system for heavy electric vehicles. This paper presents the design and implementation of LMWT to generate electricity from the vehicle. LMWT has several new advantages, including high RPM turbine, convenient weight, practical shape, direct storage and portability. And also, this paper evaluates the LMWT performance in terms of power generation. Here analyze that, with proper designing, LMWT can generate approximately 300W and above of power at vehicle speed of 80 km/hr which have a radius of 1m. A number of design considerations have taken into account specially for designing LMWT to ensure its proper functionality in practical heavy electrical locomotives.
Keywords : Hawt-Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine, Lmwt-Locomotive Mounted Wind Turbine, Pmdc-Permanent Magnet Dc,Tsr-Tip Speed RatioWt-Wind Turbine
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Earlier people used to guess what was going on in others mind by their face expressions. But nowadays it’s not possible to say something about one’s mood and what’s going on in their mind. Computer which is used for doing works can also be used to know the Physical and emotional expressions of humans which is made possible by “BLUE EYES” technology. In this people team up with Computers. The PC can talk, listen or shriek so anyone might hear with the assistance of discourse acknowledgment and facial acknowledgment systems, Computers accumulates data from the clients and begins cooperating with them as indicated by their state of mind varieties. Computer perceives your passionate levels by a basic touch on the mouse and it can communicate with us as a close accomplice. The machine feels your nearness; confirms your personality and begins collaborating with you and even it will dial and call to your home at any critical circumstances. This all is occurring with this "Blue Eyes" technology. This technology makes use of Bluetooth and other developing technologies. “BLUE EYES” can create miracles in the near future. This paper gives the over view of this technology. This technology has both hardware and software. Hardware consists of two parts-1) Data Acquisition Unit.2) Central System Unit. Data Acquisition Unit is a mobile part of the system. They fetch the physiological data from the sensor and send it to the central system to be proceed. For accomplishing the task the device must manage wireless Bluetooth connection (connection establishment, authentication and termination). Central System Unit hardware is the second peer of the wireless connection. The box contains a Bluetooth module and a PCM codec for voice data transmission. The module is interfaced to a PC using a parallel, serial and USB cable. The audio data is accessible through standard mini-jack sockets over view of central system unit. The task of BLUE EYE software is to look after working operators' physiological condition. The software performs real time buffering of the incoming data, real-time physiological data analysis and alarm triggering to assure instant reaction on the operator’s condition change.
Keywords : Mood Sensing, Blue Eyes, PCM
 www.scribd.com/doc/27825677/Blue-Eyes-Technology-ABSTRACT.  www.slideshare.net/deepu427/blue-eyes-ppt http://dspace.cusat.ac.in/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2221/1/BLUE%20EYES%20TECHNOLOGY.pdf  www.blue eye.com.tw/EN/brochure/BE3202 pdf
This modulation method is based on selective virtual loop mapping, to achieve dynamic capacitor voltage balance without the help of an extra compensation signal. The concept of virtual sub module (VSM) is first established, and by changing the loop mapping relationships between the VSMs and the real submodules, the voltages of the upper/lower arm’s capacitors can be well balanced. This method does not requiring sorting voltages from highest to lowest, and just identify the MIN and MAX capacitor voltage’s index which makes it suitable for a modular multilevel converter with a large number of submodules in one arm. Compared to carrier phase-shifted PWM (CPSPWM), this method is more easily to be realized in field-programmable gate array and is conducive to the control of circulating current. Its feasibility and validity have been verified by simulations.
Keywords : Dynamic Voltage Balance (DVB), Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC), Phase disposition Pulse Width Modulation (PDPWM), Photovoltaic (PV), Selective Virtual Loop Mapping (SVLM)
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Agriculture is the main source of income for the majority of the Indian population and therefore has great impact on the economy of the country. But these days, as people are focusing on technology more and more, less people are willing to do something menial like farming. Farming is an activity that depends heavily on the conditions present in the environment surrounding the agricultural field. The work of the farmer is affected by the natural conditions such as climate, topography, etc. This project implements the emerging applications of IoT technology. Using IoT networks, a control system is being proposed that will act as an embedded system which can monitor and control an irrigation and moisture sensing system. The system also consists of fully automated irrigation, fertilizer preparation, fertilizer distribution and pesticide distribution system. The method employed is to continuously monitor the soil moisture level to decide whether irrigation is needed, and how much water is required in the soil. The objective of this project is to decrease human involvement in and increase the efficiency of farming process.
Keywords : IoT
 Agriculture-Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture  Agriculture Then and Now, https://croplife.org/news/agriculture-then- and-now/  Gutierrez, Villa-Medina, Nieto-Garibay, Porta-andara, “Automated Irrigation System Using a Wireless Sensor Network and GPRS Module”,http://www.wineyard.in/Abstract/mtech/Embedded/bp/14EM20.pdf  Samuel Wara, AyokunleAwelewa, TobilobaOyediran, Hope Orovwode, Felix Agbetuyi, “Design and Implementation of an Automatic Irrigation System Based on Monitoring Soil Moisture, http://www.jee.ro/covers/art.php?issue=WK1446219610W56338f5a49ec9  Marie France Leroux, “Design of an Automated Irrigation System”, 2005 NABEC Student Paper Competition, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
In this paper we are going to discuss about the vital role of cloud computing in the field of telemedicine. Cloud computing has had, and will continue to have, a revolutionary effect on telemedicine. In particular we describe how Cloud Computing is the key to user determined goals. In fact, the medical professionals are already using cloud computing in its most basic form effectively. This paper gives a brief explanation of application of Cloud Computing in patient's data collection, its history, characteristics and working as well. We explain the benefits of cloud-based video conferencing which is a cost-effective service. Also this paper explains the improvements of Cloud computing in patient's admission, scheduling and monitoring. Thus we are going to propose the cost effective application of cloud computing in this paper. Finally we summaries the argument with the advances in computer speed and processing power, better software and new hardware will seamlessly integrate the two forever. Thus we are going to propose the cost effective application of cloud computing in this paper.
Keywords : Cloud Computing, British Sign Language (BSL), Wireless Communication
 Akylidiz I. F, Sankarasubramaniam W, Cayirci E: (2002) Wireless Sensor Networks - March 2002.  Westphall, C.B, Brunner, Marcus, Nogueria, Jose Marcos, Ulema, Mehmet: Pervasive Management for Ubiquitous Networks and Services Report on Norms (2008).  Singh G, O’Donoghue J, Soon C K: Telemedicine Issues and Implications, Technology Health Care (2002).  Saha D, Mukherjee A: Pervasive Computing- A Paradigm for the 21st Century (2003).  Yamauchi K, Chen W, Wei D: 3g Mobile Phone Applications in Telemedicine (2005).  Mauricio Lach, Ricardo M: Vazquez Simulation Model of the Telemedicine Program (2004).
Visually impaired persons find themselves challenging to go out independently. White cane have been used to assist the blind people’s navigation. With advancement in technology electronic walking sticks with obstacle detection sensors came for their aid. However a more advanced electronic walking stick is proposed in this paper. The proposed advanced electronic walking stick has ultra-sonic sensors mounted on it. It also uses a GSM and GPS module along with a heartbeat monitoring band. GPS module is also used to determine the location of the blind person and heart beat monitoring band is also used. For short distance obstacle buzzer is used which produce beep sound and for long distance obstacle the distance between the obstacle and the stick is given as an audio output from speaker with the help of raspberry pi. Buttons are used were each button corresponds to different operations such as activate buzzer, produce audio output, scanning of currency note using colour sensor, sending help message to corresponding mobile number with the help of GSM module.
Keywords : Walking Stick, Atmega328 Microcontroller, Ultra-Sonic Sensor, GSM300, Colour Sensor, GPS Module, Raspberry Pi
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Traffic light control systems are widely used to monitor and control the flow of automobiles through the junction of many roads. However, the synchronization of multiple traffic light systems at adjacent intersections is a complicated problem given the various parameters involved. Conventional systems concentrate mainly on allotting equal time to all the lanes. In addition, the mutual interference between adjacent traffic light systems, the disparity of cars flow with time, the accidents, the passage of emergency vehicles, and the pedestrian crossing are not implemented in the existing traffic system. This leads to traffic jam and congestion. The paper propose a system based on ATMEG32 microcontroller that evaluates the traffic density using Laser sensors and accomplishes dynamic timing slots with different levels. Moreover, a portable controller device is designed to solve the problem of emergency vehicles stuck in the overcrowded roads and notifying the vehicles the current traffic scenario.
Keywords : Emergency Vehicle Priority, Laser Sensor, Microcontroller, Traffic Density, Traffic Light System, Zigbee
 Bilal Gazal, Khaled EIK hatib, Khaled Chahine, Mohamad kherfan, Smart Traffic Control System, IEEE  N. Kham, and C. Nwe, "Implementation of modem traffic light control system", International journal of scientific and research publications, Vol. 4, Issue 6, Jun. 2014.  I. Isa, N. Shaari, A. Fayeez, and N. Azlin, "Portable wireless traffic light system (PWTLS)", International journal of research in engineering and technology, Vol. 3, Issue 2, pp. 242-247, Feb 2014.  P. Sinhmar, "Intelligent traffic light and density control using IR sensors and microcontroller", International journal of advanced technology engineering research (lJATER), Vol. 2, Issue 2, pp. 30- 35, March 2012.
This paper deals about the waste heat recovery from automobiles using Thermo electric generator (TEG).Waste energy from automotive engine exhaust is converted into electrical energy to power a 12V batter using Thermoelectric Generator. There are three subsystems for this model the thermoelectric generator system, heat exchanger and power conditioning unit. The PCU consists of a buck-boost converter. The simulation results shows boost converter in Power conditioning unit is suitable for Thermoelectric Generator system.
Keywords : Boost Converter Heat Exchanger, Power Conditioning Unit, Seebeck Effect, Thermoelectric Generator Module
 Adhithya K, Rajeshwar Anand, Balaji G, Harinarayanan J - Battery Charging Using Thermoelectric Generation Module In Automobile s- International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308  Navneesh Phillip, Othman Maganga, Keith J. Burnham, Julian Dunn, Cedric Rouaud, Mark A. Ellis3, Simon Robinson - Modeling and Simulation of a Thermoelectric Generator for Waste Heat Energy Recovery in Low Carbon Vehicles - 2012 2nd International Symposium on Environment-Friendly Energies and Applications (EFEA) Northumbria University 978-1-4673-2911-8/12/$31.00 ©2012 IEEE
A myoelectric prosthetic arm can replace the missing arm that has been lost due to accident or diseases. This physical impairment limits the motor abilities of human arm. Our project aims to develop a cost effective arm using surface EMG electrodes. The muscle signals are collected using a sensor, processed and given to a microcontroller to rotate the servo motors accordingly. The magnitude of voltage signal decides the servo motor to be operated.
Keywords : Action Potential, EMG Electromyography, EMG Signal Processing, Prosthesis
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Communication is fundamental human right. Sign language is the normal way of communication for deaf and dumb people among themselves and with normal people. Still there exists a large communication gap between normal people and disabled people since normal people often find it difficult to interpret the sign language. To minimize this gap we propose a new methodology which converts sign language to text. It mainly consists of the flex sensors to capture the hand gestures and the recognized character is to a smartphone. This way disabled people are able to communicate with the normal people and vice versa.
Keywords : Gesture –Text Conversion, Power Consumption, Simplicity
 Abhijeet Sondhi,Paresh Kasa,Kuldeep Solanki (2015)., “Interacting Device for Deaf & Dumb using Atmega 328 Processor”,vol .9,ISSN:2319-7242.  Kiran R(2015)., “Digital Vocalizer System for Speech and Hearing Impaired”, Vol. 4, Issue 5  Prof.M.S.Ghute,Prof.S.Soitkar,Prof.K.P.Kamble,“A Novel Approach to Communicate with Deaf Dumb and Blind Person ”.,Volume 2 Issue11,  K.V.Fale, Akshay Phalke, Pratik Chaudhari, Pradeep Jadhav (2007)., “Smart Glove: Gesture Vocalizer for Deaf and Dumb People”.,Vol. 4 Issue 4.  J.Thilagavathy, A.JayapualMurugan, S.Darwin, “Embedded Based Hand Talk Assistingng System for Deaf and dumb”.Vol.3, ISSN: 2278-0181.march-2014.
Transformers are important elements in the process of transmission and distribution of electricity. Transformer is one of the vital and costliest components of electrical industry. As large number of distribution transformers are installed over a wide area, monitoring and maintenance of these transformers is an important issue. Therefore this paper presents the system which monitor different parameters of distribution transformer and these data are continuously updated on to a webpage using IOT. If any abnormality occurs, the system sends alert messages to the concerned person and an electronic relay operates. As the inductive load increases there will be a decrease in power factor, therefore this system incorporates a power factor improvement mechanism by switching capacitor banks. The main objective of this project is to develop a system which will help the utilities in the protection of transformer and identify problems before any catastrophic failure.
Keywords : Distribution Transformer, IOT, Monitoring, Power Factor, Capacitor Banks
 Vivek Landage, Ashish Khsrche, Vadirajacharya. K, Harish Kulkarni, ‘Transformer health condition monitoring through GSM Technology”, International Journal of Scientific &Engineering. Research Volume 3, Issue 12, December-2012, ISSN 2229-5518.  U.V.Patil, Kathe Mohan, Harkal Saurabh and Warhade Nilesh “Transformer Health Condition Monitoring Using GSM Technology”, Vol-2 Issue-2 2016, IJARIIE- ISSN (O)-2395-4396.  Anurudh Kumar, Ashish Raj, Abhishek Kumar, Sikander Prasad & Balwant Kumar, “Method For Monitoring of Distribution Transformer”, Undergraduate Academic Research Journal (UARJ), ISSN: 2278 – 1129, Volume-1, Issue-3,4, 2012.  Abdul Rahman, Ai Ali, Abdul Khaliq & Muhammad Arshad, “GSM-Based Distribution Transformer Monitoring System”, IEEE MELECON 2004, May 12-15, 2004, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
The educational system in our society has more advancements. The black board class rooms are changed to smart class rooms. The proposed method is a portable mini projector which can be connected to any smartphones. This proposed system increases the portability of the smart class rooms. This is carried out by using Raspberry pi, where portability is the main aim which is achieved by providing more power battery backup and can be implemented as a future technology. The portability allows the user to carry the device anywhere and can use any time. The cost of the system is also affordable for all.
Keywords : Fresnel Lens, Focusing Lens, LCD Screen, LED, Mini Projector, Portable
 "Kopin Team up with Explay to Develop Nano-Projector Engine". Brennesholtz 2008, p.84. 2017-03-04.  Scanned Laser Pico-Projectors: Seeing the Big Picture (with a Small Device). Freeman, Champion, Madhaven  "Projector Phone: A Study of Using Mobile Phones with Integrated Projector for Interaction with Maps" Proceedings of the Conference on Human–Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services. A. Hang, E. Rukzio, and A. Greaves. (MobileHCI), 2008.
This paper’s objective aids in bridging the gap between the dreams of a common man to the reality. “Stand on Wheels” is an aid for the bedridden ones, mainly for those who are paralyzed down from hip. It is mainly a custom standing wheelchair which is made affordable to all sectors of society. We are lending our hands to those bedridden people who want to stand. With our technology, we have brought the cost of such existing wheelchairs down. We aimed to design a new electrical system in wheelchairs to help people stand up safely without much effort, simpler in structure, less power consuming and more economic. The standing wheelchair designed will help the people with disability to surge self-esteem, reach objects placed high, deliver speech on podium or even to start a firm on his own. It also reduces the diseases like Osteoporosis and related issues. This project is being made to bring a person back to his feet in real life.
Keywords : Wheelchair, Standing, Linear Actuator, Stability, Joystick
 Khaled Goher, Amur Al-Yahmadi, Issam Bahadur, “Kinematic analysis of the sit-to-stand mechanism of a reconfigurable wheelchair”, Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES), 2016 IEEE EMBS Conference on 4-8 Dec. 2016.  Alekna, V., Tamulaitiene, M., Sinevicius, T., & Juocevicius, A. (2008). Effect of weight bearing activities on bone mineral density in spinal cord injured patients during the period of the first two years. Spinal Cord, 46(11), 727-732. Level II randomized, controlled trial.  Alizadeh-Meghrazi, M., Masani, K., Popovic, M.R., & Craven, B.C. (2012). Whole-Body Vibration during Passive Standing in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury: Effects of Plate Choice, Frequency, Amplitude, and Subject's Posture on Vibration Propagation. PM&R. Level III nonrandomized, controlled design  Sclater, N., Mechanisms and Mechanical Devices Source book, 4th Edition (2007), 25, McGraw-Hill
Identifying and repairing potholes on the roads is labour intensive and expensive. It typically requires three or four people to do the monotonous job in difficult environments. So this is a great opportunity for a type of robotic technology to be introduced for the same. This robotic project aims to develop a remote controlled vehicle which can be used to help fill the potholes and sunken trenches on the roads. The robotic vehicle will consist of scanners mounted on it to identify the road surface features and determine whether an object is a hole, bump, manhole cover or crack and send necessary feedback signals to the controller on the vehicle. Any anomalies will be cleaned with high pressure air or vacuum. After identifying the cracks on the surface a set of pipes will carry the necessary filling material to repair and patch the cracks. Again the quality of repair will be scanned. The vehicle will be designed to be an all-terrain vehicle which can move through difficult surfaces and protective coverings will be provided to keep the controller and other important circuit connections safe. Safe execution of road construction using this robotic vehicle technology will contribute to the improvement of productivity and quality of work by removing workers from cumbersome, repetitive, and often hazardous environments.
Keywords : Remote Control, Pothole, Controller, Robotic Vehicle
 Rajeshwari Madli , Santosh Hebbar , Praveenraj Pattar , G.V.Prasad, Department of Computer Science and Engineering B.M.S. College of Engineering, Bangalore 560019, India."Automatic Detection and Notification of Potholes and Humps on Roads to Aid Drivers." 10.1109/JSEN.2015.2417579, IEEE Sensors Journal.  Sudarshan S. Rode, Shonil Vijay, PrakharGoyal, PurushottamKulkarni, KaviArya, "Pothole Detection and Warning System", In Proceedings of Inter-national Conference on Electronic Computer Technology, pp.286-290, 2009.  Kiran Kumar Vupparaboina, Roopak R. Tamboli, P. M. Shenu, Soumya Jana "Laser-based Detection and Depth Estimation of Dry and Water-Filled Potholes: A Geometric Approach" Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, 978-1- 4799-6619- 6/15/31.00, 2015 IEEE.  Byeong-ho Kang and Su-il Choi "Pothole Detection System using 2D LiDAR and Camera" School of Electronics and Computer Engineering Chonnam Na-tional University 300 Yongbong-dong, Gwangjnu, 978-1- 5090-4749- 9/17/31.00 2017 IEEE. ICUFN 2017.  Shambhu Hegde, Harish V. Mekali, GollaVaraprasad, "Pothole Detection and Inter vehicular Communication" Technical Report of Wireless Communica-tions Laboratory, BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore 19.978-1-4799-1882-9/14/31.00. 2014 IEEE.  Mircea Strutu, Grigore Stamatescu, Dan Popescu,"A Mobile Sensor Network Based Road Surface Monitoring System", In Proceedings of IEEE Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing, pp.630-634, 2013.
Industrial operations face constant safety and security threats, which require real-time response solutions that provide rapid, precise and reliable situational awareness. Security operations are simplified with pre-defined missions, and emergency response is enhanced through on-demand availability. The drone helps in total surveillance of industry and preventing industrial accidents caused by fire or by any other means. The proposed technology has sensors mounted on it. It uses temperature sensor-DHT11, gas sensor-MQ2, GPS module, Lora module for transmission. GPS is used for knowing the area of damage or area where a gas leakage is occurring. In addition to the security industrial inspection can be done with the help of a camera mounted on drone.
Keywords : Drone, ATmega328P Microcontroller, Temperature Sensor-DHT11, Gas Sensor-MQ2, GPS, Lora Module, Arduino Nano
 Malatone Bouasym, “USCG Search and Rescue Drone”. Engineering Technology Capstone Project. Spring 2015.  Kenzo NANOMI, “Prospect and Recent Research & Development for Civil Use Autonomous Unmanned Aircraft as UAV & MAV”. Journal of System Design and Dynamics, Vol.1, No. 2, 2007.  Richard M. Thompson II,” Drones in Domestic Surveillance Operations: Fourth Amendment Implications and Legislative Responses,” Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R42701, April 3, 2013
According to the problems of lithium battery, which has abroad application prospects, in the process of charging, by using of the constant current to constant voltage charging method, this paper designs a smart fast charging system based on the ATMEGA128 microcontroller and LTC4100 battery charging controller. The core modules of the MCU control and charging circuit are mainly designed to achieve the efficient and fast charging. During the process of charging, the system can automatically track the acceptable charging current of lithium battery, and monitor the charging current, voltage and temperature to realize the intelligent and precise control for the whole charging process, which can guarantee that lithium battery is neither over-charge nor less-charge. As overcharging of lithium batteries affect the efficiency and life of the battery, our project aims to overcome this problem by introducing 3 mode charger and this charger will allow the user to know about the charging periods and also turnoff the supply input to the device. Along with this operation the charger is able to perform conventional mode of charging with the charging circuits which can overcome current or voltage fluctuations. Another mode is to step up or step down voltage to charge various other devices than mobile battery. In order to achieve this goal several tasks need to be performed.
Keywords : ATMEGA128, LTC4100
 ZENG Huan you, ZHU Chao pu. Design and Research on the Intelligent Fast Charger Based on AVR MCU. [J]. Mechanical Engineering &Automation. 31, 123 (2007)  ZHOU Zhi ming，ZHOU Ji hai，JI Ai hua．Charger Circuit Design and Application. [M] ．Posts and Telecom Press, Beijing (2004) ．  WANG Hong lin. Design and production of intelligent rapid charger. [M]. Science Press, Beijing (2001) ．  LAI Jin gang, LU Xiao qing. The Application of Embedded System and LabVIEW in Flexible Copper Clad Laminates Detecting System. [J]. International Journal of Information and Computer Science. 1, 14. (2012)  LTC4100: Smart Battery Charger Controller - Linear Technology Company. Jun (2003).  LIU Mei jun. General Intelligent Battery Charger Based on Single-chip Computer. [J]. Instrument Technique and Sensor. 9, 43 (2006)  XU Ai jun. Embedded Systems Programming and Practice of IAR EWARM. [M]. Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Publishers, Beijing (2009).  Gao Xiao qun, Gao Shu yuan, Liu Dong lin, Jiang Zheng hua and LI Wei. Parking intelligent charging management system and method for time-sharing charge control. China. Patent N102097843A, Jun 1 (2011).
Aim of this project is to inform doctor about a patient’s condition, who is bedridden at home, on his portable computer or tablet. It is really expensive to admit the bedridden patient in hospital for a very long duration of time. This project gives a gadget which will persistently screen the indispensable parameters, for example heartbeat blood pressure, temperature of patient and do information logging ceaselessly. If any parameter crosses a safe minimal level, then an alert will be sent to the doctor by means of wifi and emergency actions would take place accordingly. In the event that any parameter crosses safe minimal level, this unit additionally raises an alert, furthermore speaks with the concerned specialist by the method of sending SMS through IOT based system. A patient observing programming application is actualized to store information that can be later downloaded to a doctor's workstation for investigation and finding.
Keywords : IOT, Temperature Sensor, Heartbeat Sensor, Oscillator, USART
 M. B. I. Reaz “Tele Health ECG monitoring System: A low cost Approach” International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.  Mohammad Fezari, Mounir Boubia Salah and Moldi Bedda “Microcontroller Based Heart Rate monitor” The International Arab Journal of Information Technology, Vol. 5, No. 4, October 2008.  R S Khandpur, a handbook on Biomedical Instrumentation.  M Chaitanya Suman, K Prathyusha “Wireless ECG System based on ARM LPC 2103 Processor” IJECT Vol 3, Issue 1,Jan- March 2012,ISSN: 2230-7109(online).  R Kumar “An IoT based patient monitoring system using raspberry pi” IJECS Volume 05 Issue 3 March 2016 Page No.16018-16021.
This paper starts by recognizing a distinction between mind and cognition, and by positing that cognition is an aspect of mind and propose this as a working hypothesis a Separability Hypothesis which posits that¬¬ can factor off architecture for cognition from a more general architecture for mind, thus avoiding a number of philosophical objections that have been raised about the "Strong AI" hypothesis. Thus the search for an architectural level which will explain all the interesting phenomena of cognition is likely to be futile. Computer-aided engineering has been applied to heavy current electrical engineering, embracing mainly the areas of electric power systems and electrical machines and drives, is used to demonstrate the potential for the application of artificial intelligence in these areas. There are a number of levels which interact, unlike in the computer model, and this interaction makes explanation of even relatively simple cognitive phenomena in terms of one level quite incomplete. Due to artificial intelligence techniques are permanent and consistent and the ability of ease documentation and reproduction this features can impart in development of new technologies in high tension power supplies and in other fields of electrical engineering.
Keywords : Artificial Intelligence (AI), Neural Network, Electrical Engineering
 K. Chandra Shekar; Priti Chandra; K. Venugopala Rao “Fault Diagnostics in industrial application domains using data mining and artificial intelligence technologies and frameworks” IEEE International Advance Computing Conference (IACC) pp: 538 – 543, 2014.  Simon Haykin; Joaquín M. Fuster “On Cognitive Dynamic Systems: Cognitive Neuroscience and Engineering Learning From Each Other” pp: 608 – 628, 2014  N. Mitri; W. Marrouche; M. Awad; Robert Habib “Irregular breathing detection in CPAP assisted patients using hierarchical temporal memory” IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI) pp: 1-6, 2017  Omar Noureldeen; I. Hamdan “An efficient ANFIS crowbar protection for DFIG wind turbines during faults” Nineteenth International Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON) pp: 263 – 269, 2017  João Ferreira; Jorge Lobo; Pierre Bessiere; Miguel Castelo-Branco; Jorge Dias “A Bayesian framework for active artificial perception” IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics pp: 699 – 711, 2013  Lars Lundberg “Performance Implications of Resource Over-Allocation during the Live Migration” IEEE International Conference on Cloud Computing Technology and Science pp: 552 – 557, 2016  Junliang Xing; Haizhou Ai; Liwei Liu; Shihong Lao “Multiple Player Tracking in Sports Video: A Dual-Mode Two-Way Bayesian Inference Approach with Progressive observation Modeling” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing pp: 1652 – 1667, 2011  Akshya Kumar Sahoo; Sudipta Rudra; Ashima Sindhu Mohanty “Artificial intelligence based electric grid operation enabled with data encryption” International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT) pp: 275 – 280 , 2016
The mind-to-movement system that allows a quadriplegic man to control a computer using only his thoughts is a scientific milestone. It was reached, in large part, through the brain gate system. This system has become a boon to the paralyzed. The Brain Gate System is based on Cyber kinetics platform technology to sense, transmit, analyze and apply the language of neurons. The principle of operation behind the Brain Gate System is that with intact brain function, brain signals are generated even though they are not sent to the arms, hands and legs. The signals are interpreted and translated into cursor movements, offering the user an alternate Brain Gate pathway to control a computer with thought, just as individuals who have the ability to move their hands use a mouse. Matthew Nagle,a 25-year-old Massachusetts man with a severe spinal cord injury, has been paralyzed from the neck down since 2001.After taking part in a clinical trial of this system, he has opened e-mail, switched TV channels, turned on lights. He even moved a robotic hand from his wheelchair.
Keywords : Brain Gate System, Neuroprosthetics, Sensor, Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)
 Minds, Brains, and Computers: The Foundations of Cognitive Science an Anthology by Cummins, Denise (Ed.) / Cummins, Robert (Ed.) 2012.  Fred F. Wise M.D. – The Conscious Mind: Programming the Brain-computer Mind 2012.  Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain: Implantable Biomimetic Electronics as Neural Prostheses (Bradford Books) by Theodore W.Berger (Hardcover), 2016.  CF based automation system for spinal cord injuries rehabilitation RehabMahmoud; Nashwa El-Bendary; Hoda M. O. Mokhtar; Aboul Ella Hassanien 2014 9th International Conference on Computer Engineering & Systems (ICCES) 2016Pages: 192 – 197.  Chandra Shekar; Priti Chandra; K. Venugopala Rao “Fault Diagnostics in industrial application domains using data mining and artificial intelligence technologies and frameworks” IEEE International Advance Computing Conference (IACC) pp: 25-29 2017.
The concept of visible light communications (VLC), or Li-Fi has received a lot of attention in recent years, mostly due to the growing prevalence of LED lighting. Unlike incandescent and fluorescent bulbs, LEDs are solid-state electronics, meaning they can be controlled in much the same way as any other electronic component, and switched at a high speed. VLC is essentially Wi-Fi but using terahertz radiation (light) instead of microwaves (Wi-Fi). Instead of oscillating a Wi-Fi transmitter, VLC oscillates an LED bulb and of course, on the receiving end there’s a photo detector instead of an antenna. LiFi is a wireless optical networking technology that uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for data transmission.
Keywords : LED, Li-Fi, Wi-Fi, Visible Light Communications (VLC)
 https://www.extremetech.com/computing/152740-researchers-create-3gbps-lifi-network-with-led-bulbs  https://techsansar.com/computing/understanding-new-li-fi-technology/  http://visiblelightcomm.com/the-shift-to-optical-part-ii/  https://www.lifi-centre.com/about-li-fi/applications/
Wireless Electricity transmission is based on strong coupling between electromagnetic resonant objects to transfer energy wirelessly between them. This differs from other methods like simple induction, microwaves, or air ionization. The system consists of transmitters and receivers that contain magnetic loop antennas critically tuned to the same frequency. Due to operating in the electromagnetic near field, the receiving devices must be no more than about a quarter wavelengths from the transmitter .Unlike the far field wireless power transmission systems based on traveling electro -magnetic waves, Wireless Electricity employs near field inductive coupling through magnetic fields similar to those found in transformers except that the primary coil and secondary winding are physically separated, and tuned to resonate to increase their magnetic coupling. These tuned magnetic fields generated by the primary coil can be arranged to interact vigorously with matched secondary windings in distant equipment but far mo re weakly with any surrounding objects or materials such as radio signals or biological issue.
Keywords : AC Electricity, W ireless Electricity Device, Oscillating magnetic Field, Resonant Magnetic Coupling, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
 http://www.electronics-tutorials.com/filters/if amplifier-transformers.htm IF amplifier transformers.  Wireless patient monitoring system http://www.WiTricitypower.com  Concept Evaluation of an Inductive Charging System for Electric Vehicles. 3rd European Conference Smart Grids and E-M mobility, 17.10. - 18.10.2011  “Wireless Power Transfer via Strongly Coupled Magnetic Resonances” by Andre kurs, Science 317, 83 (2007); Dol:10.1126/science.1143254.  http:/www. WiTricity -Wireless Electricity
An isolated switched high step up boost DC-DC converter is discussed in this paper. The main objective of this paper is to step up low voltage to very high voltage. This paper mainly initiates at boosting a 30V DC into 240V DC. The discussed converter benefits from the continuous input current. Usually, step-up DC-DC converters are suitable for input whose voltage level is very low. The circuital design comprises of four main stages. Firstly, an impedance network which is used to boost the low input voltage. Secondly a switching network which is used to boost the input voltage then an isolation transformer which is used to provide higher boosting ability and finally a voltage multiplier rectifier which is used to rectify the secondary voltage of the transformer. No switching dead- time is required, which increases the reliability of the converter. Comparing with the existing step-up topologies indicates that this new design is hybrid, portable, higher power density and the size of the whole system is also reduced. The principles as well as operations were analysed and experimentally worked out, which provides a higher efficiency.
Keywords : Impedance Network, Switching Network, Isolation Transformer, Voltage Multiplier Rectifier, Micro- Controller, DC-DC Boost Converter
 S.A. Gorji, M. Ektesabi and J. Zheng.: “Isolated switched-boost push–pull DC–DC converter for step-up applications”, ELECTRONICS LETTERS 2nd February 2017 Vol. 53 No. 3 pp. 177-179  Li, W., and He, X.: “Review of non-high-step-up DC/DC converters in photovoltaic grid-connected applications”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 2011, 58, (4), pp. 1239–1250  Qu, K., Feng, M., and Zhao, J.: “Inductor-capacitor structure for getting high step-up converter”, Electron. Lett. 2016, 52, (16), pp. 1403–1404  Chen, R.T., and Chen, Y.Y.: “Single-stage push-pull boost converter with integrated magnetics and input current shaping technique”, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 2006, 21, (5), pp. 1193–1203  Vinnikov, D., and Roasto, I.: “Quasi-Z-source-based isolated DC/DC converters for distributed power generation”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 2011, 58, (1), pp. 192–201  Siwakoti, Y.P., Blaabjerg, F., Loh, P.C., and Town, G.E.: “High-voltage boost quasi-Z-source isolated DC/DC converter”, Power Electron., 2014, 7, (9), pp. 2387–2395  Ravindranath, A., Mishra, S.K., and Joshi, A.: “Analysis and PWM control of switched boost inverter”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 2013, 60, (12), pp. 5593–5602