Advanced Electronic Walking Stick for Blind

Author(s):
V. Abhilash, Adi shankara institute of engineering and technology,; Mathew Shajive ,Adi shankara institute of engineering and technology,; Thushar Sathyajit ,Adi shankara institute of engineering and technology,; Gayathri S Nair ,Adi shankara institute of engineering and technology,
Keywords
Walking Stick, Atmega328 Microcontroller, Ultra-Sonic Sensor, GSM300, Colour Sensor, GPS Module, Raspberry Pi
Abstract
Visually impaired persons find themselves challenging to go out independently. White cane have been used to assist the blind people’s navigation. With advancement in technology electronic walking sticks with obstacle detection sensors came for their aid. However a more advanced electronic walking stick is proposed in this paper. The proposed advanced electronic walking stick has ultra-sonic sensors mounted on it. It also uses a GSM and GPS module along with a heartbeat monitoring band. GPS module is also used to determine the location of the blind person and heart beat monitoring band is also used. For short distance obstacle buzzer is used which produce beep sound and for long distance obstacle the distance between the obstacle and the stick is given as an audio output from speaker with the help of raspberry pi. Buttons are used were each button corresponds to different operations such as activate buzzer, produce audio output, scanning of currency note using colour sensor, sending help message to corresponding mobile number with the help of GSM module.
Reference
[1]	Johann Borenstein and Iwan Ulrich, “The Guide Cane- A Computerized Travel Aidfor the Active Guidance of Blind Pedestrians”, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Albuquerque, NM, Apr. 21-27, 1997
[2]	René Farcy, Roger Leroux, Alain Jucha, Roland Damaschini, Colette Grégoire, Aziz Zogaghi,“Electronic Travel Aids And Electronic Orientation Aids For Blind People: Technical, Rehabilitation And Everyday Life Points Of View”, Conference & Workshop on Assistive Technologies for People with Vision &Hearing Impairments Technology for Inclusion CVHI 2006
[3]	Shashank Chaurasia and 2K.V.N. Kavitha, An electronic walking stick for blinds, in proceedings of Information Communication and Embedded Systems (ICICES), 2014 International Conference.
[4]	Kanagaratnam, Kajatheepan, “Smart Mobility Cane: Design Of Obstacle Detection”,EE 4BI6 Electrical Engineering Biomedical Capstones, 2009.
[5]	Mohd Helmy Wahab, Amirul A. Talib, Herdawatie A. Kadir, A.Noraziah, Roslina M. Sidek, “Smart Cane: Assistive Cane For Visually-Impaired People”,IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 8, Issue 4, No 2, July 2011.
Other Details
Paper ID: GRDCF004010
Published in: Conference : National Conference on Emerging Research Trend in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Page(s): 55 - 59
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