Bio-Activator- As A Solution of Biological Treatment Problems in Dairy Industries

Runali Chheda, D.Y.Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi , Pune, Maharastra, India; Dr. Shweta Verma ,D.Y.Patil College of Engineering, Akurdi , Pune, Maharastra, India; Nihar Doctor ,En-Vision Enviro Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Surat, Gujarat, India

Dairy Industry, Effluent Treatment Plant, Biological Treatments, Bio-Activator

Dairy industries are one of the fastest developing industries of India, but at the same time it is one of the largest amounts of wastewater generating industry, both in case of quality and quantity. Dairy industry has many processes like Milk receiving/storage Pasteurization; Curd, butter milk, ghee production; Floor and lines washing and sanitizing, their cleaning operations and milk processing demands water and generates wastewater. The wastewater includes dissolved sugars, proteins, and fats. They are organic in nature and also bio-degradable. It is estimated that dairy industries creates approximately 2.5 to 3 liters of wastewater per liter of milk processed. Due to high organic loading, BOD (Bio-chemical oxygen demand) and COD (Chemical oxygen demand), biological treatments for wastewater are suitable for dairy waste water. Effluent characteristics of dairy get change due to production of different products on different days, which make the biological treatment process less effective. Also, with increase in production in dairy the generation of wastewater increases which leads to expansion of the ETP (Effluent treatment plant), that is costly solution and if ETP is not expanded the quality of treatment gradually decreases. When poorly treated water discharges to the water body causes water pollution. Hence there is need to improve effectiveness of biological treatment process of dairy effluent. Bio-Activator consists of naturally occurring micro-organisms attached to organic compost. It positively promotes and enhances the activated sludge process. Bio-Activator is completely organic and eco-friendly material that can solve the problems in Biological treatments in dairy Industries.
    [1] Boyd, J. (2000) “Unleashing the Clean Water Act, the Promise and Challenge of the TMDL Approach to Water Quality,” Resources, Issue 139. [2] Wildbrett G (2002) Dairy plant effluent: Nature of pollutants. In: Roginski H, et al (eds) Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences, Elsevier, Oxford. pp 727–33. [3] R.Hesnawi, K.Dahmani, A.AlSwayah, S.Mohamed, S.A.Mohammed, “Biodegradation of municipal wastewater with local and commercial bacteria”, 12th International Conference on Computing and Control for the Water Industry, CCWI2013, Procedia Engineering70, 2014,810–814. [4] J. Kevin Farmer, PE “wastewater treatment technologies” pollution engineering 1991 [5] Ambreen Lateef, Muhammad Nawaz Chaudhry, Shazia Ilyas, “Biological treatment of dairy wastewater using activated sludge” doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2013.39.179 [6] Prof.N.B.Singh et al. “waste water management in dairy industry: pollution Abatement and preventive attitudes” International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 3, No 2, 2014, 672 – 683 [7] Bharati S. Shete et al “Dairy Industry Wastewater Sources, Characteristics & its Effects on Environment” International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, Vol.3, No.5 (December 2013) [8] J. W. Barnett, S. L. Robertson and J. M. Russell, Environment Portfolio, New Zealand Dairy Research Institute, Private Bag 11029, Palmerston North, Environmental Issues in Dairy Processing [9] Cameron M, Trenouth C (1999) "Resource Management Act - Practice and performance: A case study of farm dairy effluent management.” Wellington. Ministry for the environment. [10] Ajim S. Sutar et al “Effluent Treatment Plant of Dairy Wastewater – A Performance Evaluation” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) Volume: 02 Issue: 08 | Nov-2015 [11] S. POSAVAC et al. The improvement of dairy wastewater treatment efficiency by the addition of bioactivator [The improvement of dairy wastewater, Mljekarstvo 60 (3), 198-206 (2010)] [12] H.J. Porwal, A.V. Mane and S.G. Velhal “Biodegradation of dairy effluent by using microbial isolates obtained from activated sludge” [Water Resources and Industry 9(2015)1–15] [13] Maghsoodi, Vida, Samadi, Akbar, Ghobadi, “Biodegradation of Effluents from Dairy Plant by Bacterial Isolates” [Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. Vol. 26, No.1, 2007] [14] Harush D. P., Hampannavar U. S., Mallikarjunaswami M. E “Treatment of dairy wastewater using aerobic biodegradation and coagulation” [International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Research Vol. 1, No. 1, 2011, pp. 23-26] [15] Doni S., Macci C., Martinelli C., Iannelli R., Brugnoli P., Lampis S., Vallini G. and Masciandaro G. “Bioactivators as a potential strategy for dredged marine sediment recovery” [The 14th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology Rhodes, Greece, 3-5 September 2015] [16] S. Maunoir et al. “Role of insoluble enzymes in anaerobic wastewater treatment and enzyme‐bioactivator interactions” [Environmental Technology (Impact Factor: 1.56). 04/1991; 12(4):313-323] [17] MIRON et al “Use of micropan complex and eparcyl pro bioactivators for pharmaceutical wastewaters treatment” [U.P.B. Sci. Bull., Series B, Vol. 77, Iss. 3, 2015] [18] [19] [20]
Paper ID: GRDCF001020
Published in: Conference : Recent Advances in Civil Engineering for Global Sustainability (RACEGS-2016)
Page(s): 103 - 105