Threats To Canada’s Transportation System

Author(s):
Kavita N. Choksi, S.S.A.S.I.T, Surat, Gujarat, India; Darshan Mehta ,S.S.A.S.I.T, Surat, Gujarat, India; Manthan Ramani ,Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Keywords
Critical infrastructure, critical threats, national security, public safety, Transportation security
Abstract
The transportation system of any country is a vital part of their economy and public life. Country’s national security is majorly based on the transportation system by which most of the commercial businesses are done through all coasts and parts of nation. The objective of this paper is to categorize numerous critical dangers and their relative safety measures on Canada’s national transportation system such as rail, road, marine and air transportation. Transportation system may face natural, accidental and malicious harms. The national transportation structure is so crucial that a damage of such conveyance mode or system would have a devastating impact on national economic security, public health or safety, or any other critical sector such as trade or business. Critical hazards and vulnerabilities to transportation systems through various modes of damages were recognized for a long time and many new ways and regulations came out to reduce and regulate those deficiencies after such big causes of devastation. Canada’s transport ministry had induced many new conventions and safety supervision systems in order to prevent and minimize the critical threats to major transportation systems of the nation. Canadian government had introduced various safety programs such as CATSA (Screening Contractor Management System) for airport security and safety management system (SMS) for rail security. This paper will also discuss various recommendations and safety measures to be taken while various critical conditions happen and it also contains a possible solution to various problems regarding the security of various modes of transportation in Canada.	
Reference
[1]	Rosslin John Robles, Min-kyu Choi, Eun-suk Cho, Seok-soo Kim, Gil-cheol Park, Jang-Hee Lee. Common Threats and Vulnerabilities of Critical Infrastructures. International Journal of Control and Automation.
[2]	Canada’s national civil aviation security program. Transport Canada.
[3]	Threats to Canada’s Critical Infrastructure. Office of critical infrastructure and emergency preparedness. Government of Canada.
[4]	Securing an Open Society: Canada’s National Security Policy (April 2004). National Library of Canada cataloguing in publication data. ISBN 0-662-36982-3.
[5]	Aviation recommendations (February 2008), Transportation safety board of Canada, Government of Canada.
[6]	Road transportation (April 2015), emergencies, Transport Canada.
[7]	Graham, A. Canada’s critical infrastructure: When is Safe Enough Safe Enough? The MacDonald –Laurier institute.
[8]	Dunlavy, J., Akuoko-Asibey, A., Masse, R., Pilon, D., an Analysis of the Transportation Industry in 2005. Ottawa, Transportation division, statistics Canada.
[9]	Transportation in Canada (2011) Comprehensive Review, Transport Canada. Government of Canada.
[10]	Canadian Air Transport Security Authority, CATSA Screening Contractor Management System Standard. September 2015.
Other Details
Paper ID: GRDCF001013
Published in: Conference : Recent Advances in Civil Engineering for Global Sustainability (RACEGS-2016)
Page(s): 60 - 65
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