NMT: An Issue For Sustainable Developmen

Author(s):
Digant Pastagia, SSASIT, Surat, Gujarat, India; Jagirdar Tariq ,SSASIT, Surat, Gujarat, India
Keywords
Sustainable Development, Non-Motorized Transportation
Abstract
Pedestrians, bicyclists and non-motorized rickshaw are the most critical elements in mixed traffic. Several researchers are agreed that the congestion at the major urban roads is due to overlook attitude for NMT. So it’s important to create a safe pedestrians, bicycle and public transport friendly urban roads without increasing the right of way of existing arterial roads in most of the cities. Sahara Darwaja is main entrance of Surat city of Gujarat state and connecting major employment center with the residential center. During peak hour about 6000 Pedestrians are crossing this area. These high density Pedestrian flows create chaotic movements and results into congestion, delay, pollution and unsafe movements. This paper focusing the issues related to NMT and improvement of traffic condition to have sustainable transportation planning. At the concluding remarks authors are focusing the less expensive and less disruptive planning proposals for the surrounding land uses.
Reference
[1]	City Development Plan of Surat (An initiative under JNNURM by SMC with CEPT technical support in 2005.
[2]	Misra R.P. (1999), “Urban India: Historical roots and contemporary scenario, in Million Cities of India” ed. R.P.Misra, Kamlesh Misra, Sustainable Development Foundation, Delhi, India, pp52.
[3]	Mohan, D. And Tiwari G. (1997), “ Road safety in india: issues and concerns”. Delhi: transportation research and injury prevention programme, Indian institute of technology, Delhi, pp. 1-25.
[4]	S. Padam S. K. Singh (1985), “Urbanization And Urban Transport In India:The Sketch For A Policy”. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi.
[5]	Tiwari G, D. Mohan, J. Fazio (1998), “Conflict Analysis in Mixed Traffic Conditions, Accd. Anal. and Prev.”, Vol.30 No.2, pp.207-215,.
[6]	Tiwari G. (1997), “Planning for non-motorized traffic-A prerequisite for sustainable transport system”, IATSS Research, vol.23 No.2, pp70-77,.
[7]	Tiwari, G. (1999), “Road Designs for Improving Traffic Flow: A Bicycle Master Plan for Delhi”. TRIPP, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.
[8]	Tiwari, G. (2000), “Economic Benefits of Cycling Infrastructure: Case study” Delhi, report for ICE-Netherlands, TRIPP, Indian Institute of Technology, and Delhi, India,
[9]	Tiwari, G.,Mohan D.(1998), “Bicycle Master Plan for Delhi”, Final Report submitted to Transport Department, Delhi Government, TRIPP, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. 
Other Details
Paper ID: GRDCF001008
Published in: Conference : Recent Advances in Civil Engineering for Global Sustainability (RACEGS-2016)
Page(s): 34 - 40
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