A Detailed Study On Car-Free City And Conversion Of Existing Cities And Suburbs To The Car-Free Model

Author(s):
Priyank Patel, Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India; Zarana Gandhi ,Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India; Bhaskar bhatt ,Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India
Keywords
Car-free, Conversion, Densely populated neighbourhoods, Public Transport
Abstract
Manufacture and use of cars are increasing day by day. This is creating environmental, social and aesthetic issues that we never imagined in last few decades. These problems force urban planners to think and design the cities which will work without cars. The transformation of existing towns and outskirts to car-free model is possible by providing better and faster public transport, better biking and by increasing density and reducing street width. Car-free development will help in reduction of traffic generation and parking problems, improvements to the urban environment and economy of government. This paper defines Car-free related terms. After describing the problems caused by the Cars, this document discusses alternative means to resolve those problems regarding replacement of cars by introducing the rapid economic, public transport. Design standards are also explored to make a city, Car-free. In a later section of paper, its major focus is on the methods of conversion of existing cities into the Car-free model. Four Indian cities viz. Pune, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Bangalore have already taken initiatives to promote the Car-free movements by various means. The paper discusses popular Car-free places and their character. There are some objections to the Car-free model like Congestion, Noise, Mixed uses of land and, of course, the people’s love towards their cars, which elaborated in the later section of this paper. This review is expected to be helpful to planners for alternative means to release some major issues caused by cars.	
Reference
[1]	[Online] www.carfree.com.
[2]	Aurbach, Laurence. 2010. The Power of Intersection Density. pedshed.net. [Online] 27 May 2010. [Cited: 08 March 2016.] http://pedshed.net/?p=574.
[3]	Carter, Owe. 2014. “Carless Cities: Could our cities adapt to become carfree in the next twenty years?”. 2014.
[4]	Crawford, J.H. 2013. "A Vision for Carfree Cities for the 21st Century". 2013.
[5]	ESAF. 2012. "City of Bangalore and its approach to 21st Century". Bangalore : s.n., 2012.
[6]	Lloyd, Wright. 2005. "Sustainable Transport: A Sourcebook for Policy-makers in Developing Cities, Module 3e: Car-free Development". 2005.
[7]	Melia, Mr Steven. 2012. "Potential for Carfree Development in the UK”. 2012.
[8]	Newman P., Kenworthy J. 1999. Sustainability and cities: overcoming automobile dependence. Washington : Island Press, 1999. 
Other Details
Paper ID: GRDCF001005
Published in: Conference : Recent Advances in Civil Engineering for Global Sustainability (RACEGS-2016)
Page(s): 14 - 18
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