Publication for Volume-3 Issue-4, March 2018
The improved sequential batch reactor is a process of treating waste water economically. In short the sewage is generated by residential, commercial, industrial establishments. Improved Sequential Batch reactor process improves the quality of waste water . The waste water coming from toilets, baths, kitchens, and sinks draining into the sewers. The waste water or sewage from everywhere contaminates to water bodies when it is directly mixed with river, nallah and other water body it also affects on environment. So to overcome from that the best way to treat the sewage properly.Improved sequential batch reactors a type of activated sludge process in which the waste water is treated by mechanically in batches in reactors . Sometimes it includes Combi treat unit, and this combi treat unit is a power saving as well as power generating sequential batch reactor technology. This technology has been studied and recommended by reputed Indian Research Institutions such as Indian institute Technology and numerous consultants in the field. Attention has to be paid to the fact that suspended solids are always present in the effluent.
Keywords : Sequential Batch reactor , Combi treat , Activated sludge, clarifier
 M. N. Rao & Datta, Waste water treatment.  Environmental Engg by Dr B C Punmia, Dr A K Jain  www.hnbc.in  HNB engineers private limited Pune
Brushless DC motor is an electrical motor has high efficiency and torque, long life, cheap maintenance, but it is a nonlinear so complicated in controlling its speed. The popular control system used is PID control. Many ways of determining PID parameters, but because of BLDC motors have non-linear properties so need the intelligent control techniques in setting up PID parameters. In this paper, a self-tuning fuzzy PID control system embedded in ATMega 16 microcontroller to control the speed of BLDC motor adaptively. The results of self-tuning controller PID with fuzzy logic for fixed speed reference at variation speed 1000-2500 RPM has a good transient response parameter value. On the reference up and down the controller is able to adjust the speed change adaptively. The test of momentary disturbance shows the speed is decreasing about 1 second and can back to set point quickly.
Keywords : BLDC, speed, fuzzy, ATMega 16
 E. Gowthaman, S. K. Dhinakaran, and T. Sabarinathan, “Speed Control of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor Using Speed Control of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor Using Hybrid Fuzzy Proportional plus Integral plus Derivative Controller a Proportional Hybrid Fuzzy Integral plus Derivative Controller,” Energy Procedia, vol. 117, pp. 1101–1108, 2017.  A. Varshney, D. Gupta, and B. Dwivedi, “Speed response of brushless DC motor using fuzzy PID controller under varying load condition,” J. Electr. Syst. Inf. Technol., vol. 4, pp. 310–321, 2017.  R. Kandiban and R. Arulmozhiyal, “Design of Adaptive Fuzzy PID Controller for Speed control of BLDC Motor,” Int. J. Soft Comput. ang Eng., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 386–391, 2012.  H. E. A. Ibrahim, F. N. Hasan, and A. O.Shomer, “Optimal PID control of a brushless DC motor using PSO and BF techniques,” Ain Shams Eng. J., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 391–398, 2014.  K. Premkumar and B. V Manikandan, “Bat algorithm optimized fuzzy PD based speed controller for brushless direct current motor,” Eng. Sci. Technol. an Int. J., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 818–840, 2016.  A. A. El-samahy and M. A. Shamseldin, “Brushless DC motor tracking control using self-tuning fuzzy PID control and model reference adaptive control,” in Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 2016.  K. Ogata, Modern Control Engineering, Third Edit. Tom Robbins, 1997.  R. D. Utomo, Sumardi, and E. D. Widianto, “Control system of train speed based on fuzzy logic controller,” in ICITACEE 2015 - 2nd International Conference on Information Technology, Computer, and Electrical Engineering: Green Technology Strengthening in Information Technology, Electrical and Computer Engineering Implementation, Proceedings, 2016, pp. 256–261.  J. Yan, M. Ryan, and J. Power, Using Fuzzy Logic. Pretince Hall, 1994.
In 2006, Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), the new word was invented in the United States . The combination of devices like sensors with embedded systems is quickly receiving its place in cyber world. These devices jointly with the information filed are becoming the main focal point, called as Cyber Physical Systems. This word was found keeping in mind the escaling significance of relations among the mutually related computing systems with the physical world . The author of this paper gives an overview of CPS architecture, its functions and its security threat.
Keywords : Internet of Things, Sensor, Cyber-physical systems, real time systems, embedded systems
 Lee, E. A. (2006). Cyber-physical systems—are computing foundations adequate? NSF Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems: Research Motivation, Techniques and Roadmap, Austin, Texas.  L Wang, M Törngren, M Onori, “Current status and advancement of cyber-physical systems in manufacturing”, Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 37, pp 517 -527, 2015  Rajkumar R, et. al, “Cyber physical systems: The Next Computing Revolution”, Design Automation Conference, 2010  Wilbur L. Ross, Kent Rochford, “Framework for Cyber -Physical Systems: Overview, National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce, Volume 1, Version 1.0, June 2017 Available : https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.SP.1500-201.pdf  Nishtha Kessawni, Sanjay Kumar, “Cyber Physical Systems and Smart Cities”, CSI Communications, Vol 41, Issue 9, pp 29 – 30, December 2017  Suseela, Kavitha, “Cyber Physical System (CPS) and its Implications”, CSI Communications, Vol 41, Issue 9, pp 8 – 10, December 2017  Antsaklis P, “Goals and Challenges in Cyber-Physical Systems Research Editorial of the Editor in Chief”, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol. 59, No. 12, Dec 2014  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyber-physical_system  A Humayed, J Lin, F Li, B Luo, “Cyber-Physical Systems Security – A Survey”, Cornell University Library, Jan 2017, Available: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1701.04525.pdf  Charles P. Pﬂeeger and Shari Lawrence Pﬂeeger, “Security in Computing (4th Edition)”, Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 2006  James L Cebula and Lisa R Young. A taxonomy of operational cyber security risks. Technical report, DTIC Document, 2010  Roberto Setola. Cyber threats to scada systems, 2011.  US-CERT. Cyber threat source descriptions, “https://ics- gov/content/cyber-threat-source-descriptions”, 2009  Bartocci E, “Cyber-Physical Systems: Theoretical and Practical Challenges”, ERCIM news 2017. Available online: https://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en97/special/cyber-physical-systems-theoretical-and-practical-challenges
The solid waste management term deals with collection and treating and disposal of the solid waste. Day by day the quantity of waste generation is increasing rapidly. Creation of waste is natural by human being but being human it needs proper disposal .The solid waste is ugly in appearance , creates foul odor , creates nuisance and ultimately creates unhygienic conditions Improper management of solid waste leads to unhygienic conditions which results in spread of diseases Nobody wants to discuss and care about solid waste . We should come forward for the discussions and finding appropriate solution for proper and effective management of the waste nowadays it is a duty of everybody to monitor the rate of generation of waste. Not only the concerned local body should be responsible for waste management, but it is our responsibility too .We may contribute in minimizing the waste. So to prevent the public health it is necessary to start the waste management from own. This article discusses the origin, varieties ,per capita generation of the waste , role of individual and proper management of the waste .Coordination of local bodie ,social organizations and the public will result in proper management of the waste and helps in achieving the goals like clean city, smart city, and ‘Swachcha Bharat’.
Keywords : Solid Waste, Segregation, Per Capita
 A text book of solid waste management by Dr A D Bhide  Status and challenges of municipal solid waste management in India: A review Raj Kumar Joshi1 and Sirajuddin Ahmed1*  A text book of Environmental Pollution Control Engineering by C S Rao  Sakal newspapers privet limited Pune
Solid waste is the continually growing problem and government of India is searching new innovations to dispose it safely so that it won’t become harmful to human health. This paper presents the case study of Current disposing methods and future plans of Management of solid waste in Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation. This management reflects the immense efforts of PCMC to dispose of the waste effectively. Due to enhanced economic activities and growing population management of municipal solid waste has become an acute problem. Therefore PCMC is giving more attention to dispose this solid waste in most hygienic and safe manner. It is estimated that PCMC generates about 650 tons of waste per day. Currently it is being collected, transported and disposed at Moshi, where combustible material and refuse derived fuel is manufactured. PCMC was planning to decentralise the waste management system and has decided to take its garbage disposal plans to new 23 hectared land in punawale. The transport of waste will be divided in 2 zones. Zone A (moshi, nigdi,akurdi, chinchwad, and others) and zone B (pimpri, chinchwadgoan, ravet, punawale, tathawade and others.). This will also reduce transportation cost.
Keywords : Refuse Disposal Management, PCMC (Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation), Metric Tons waste per Day (MTD), Aerated static pile (ASP), Plasma Gasifier
 https://swachcoop.com/about/awards/  https://punemirror.indiatimes.com/pune/civic/now-pcmc-puts-new-system-in-place-for-waste-segregation/articleshow/58863290.cms  City development plan for Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation  CPCB(Central Pollution Control Board) management of MSW  NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIONS IN ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY [IJIERT] VOLUME 2, ISSUE 9, SE  http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/pune/Pimpri-Chinchwad-Municipal-Corporation-to-give-freebins-for-better-waste management/ articles how/ 22529960.cms  giapjournals.com/index.php/gctl/article/download/gctl.2017.311/410  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerated_static_pile_composting  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landfarming  http://learnbioremediation.weebly.com/landfarming.html  http://www.hawaii.edu/abrp/Technologies/landfar.html
This work describes the implementation of health monitoring system using Lilypad Arduino microcontroller and ESP8266 Wi-Fi module. The system is developed to monitor the real-time heart rate and body temperature of a patient remotely. The components used in this work are pulse sensor to pick up the rate of heart beat signal and Lilypad temperature sensor to detect body temperature from the patient. The signals sensed by the Lilypad are transferred to the Wi-Fi module, where it transmits the measured data wirelessly to the Android mobile. The system design is portable, cost wise it is low and it has no complications. This system gives clear information about how the conventional health system had been replaced by portable ones. This work is useful for the transmission of signals over wide range of distance and also provides a simple monitoring process.
Keywords : Heart Rate, Temperature, Lilypad, Wi-Fi Module
 Sung-Nien Yu and Jen-Chieh Cheng , A Wireless Physiological Signal Monitoring System with Integrated Bluetooth and WiFi Technologies, Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27th Annual Conference Shanghai, China, September 1-4, 2005  Moeen Hassanalieragh, Alex Page, Tolga Soyata, Gaurav Sharma, Mehmet Aktas, Gonzalo Mateos ,Burak Kantarci, Silvana Andreescu, Health Monitoring and Management UsingInternet-of-Things (IoT) Sensing with Cloud-basedProcessing: Opportunities and Challenges, IEEE International Conference on Services Computing, 2015  Kevin Patrick, William G. Griswold, , Fred Raab, Stephen S. Intille, Health and the Mobile Phone, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 35, Number 2,2008  Jorge Gómez, Byron Oviedo and Emilio Zhuma, Patient Monitoring System Based on Internet of Things, The 7th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies Procedia Computer Science 83 ( 2016 ) 90 – 97  Manisha Shelar, Jaykaran Singh and Mukesh Tiwari, Wireless Patient Health Monitoring System, International Journal of Computer Applications, Volume 62, No.6, January 2013  G.Vijaya Lakshmi, B.Suresh Ram and T.Ramakrishna, Health Monitoring System Using Wi-Fi as a Communication Medium on ARM7, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY, Lakshmi, 2(9): September, 2013.  Mr. Pravin Zaware and S.V. Shinde, Wi-Fi based Monitoring and Controlling of Embedded System, 1St International Conference at SITS, Narhe, Pune on April 5-6, 2014.  N. Sivasankari, M. Parameswari and K. Anbarasan , Health Monitoring and Control System Using Wireless Sensor Network, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 24 , 59-64, 2016  Darshana Varma, VirendraShete, and Sunil Somani Real Time Self Health Monitoring System, international Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 3, Issue 6, June 2015  Sonal Chakole, Ruchita R.Jibhkate and Anju V.Choudhari, A HEALTHCARE MONITORING SYSTEM USING WIFI MODULE, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume: 04 Issue:03,Mar-2017
This paper presents the issues on sustainable design approach in all industries and sectors that has become a demand of the global world. The negative impacts of the industries such as climate change, global warming, ozone depletion and inefficient resource consumption have become a great concern and awareness among the public, politicians and academicians is the need of the time.  Thus, a lot of efforts have been initiated either in terms of theories or practices in order to reduce the negative impacts of the industries. GRIHA rating tool is a tool to facilitate design, construction, and operation of green buildings.
Keywords : Green Building, Greenship Rating Tool, Sustainable Design, Conventional Building, Combat Global Warming
 Rajendra Mathur, (2012). “Green Building Concept & Norms” CPWD Work Manual, Chapter-2, P.P 1-20.  Baharuddin & Ramli Rahim, (2012). “Energy Efficiency: Comparison between Greenship & LEED” This paper was presented in Hasanuddin University, Makassar Indonesia. P.P B5-43.  Muhamad Abduh, Wulfram I. Ervianto, Dewi Chomistriana & Agus Rahardjo, (2014). “Green Construction Assessment Model For Improving Sustainable Practices Of The Indonesian Government Construction Projects”. This paper was presented in Green Construction assessment model for improving sustainable practices of Indonesia, Government construction projects, Indonesia. P.P 111-122.  Retno Rahardjati, Dr. Mohd. Faris Khamidi & Ap. Dr. Arazi Idrus, (2011). “Green Building Rating System: The Need of Material Resources Criteria in Green Building Assessment”. This paper was presented in international conference on environmental science & technology, PICBEE Volume No. 6, Singapore. P.P 148-151.  Njo Anastasia, (2013). “The Way to Encourage Green Building in Indonesia”. This paper was presented in Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia. P.P 1-14  Aden Firdaus, (2012). “Identification of the Greenship Professional Competence on Green Building Project”. P.P 1-4.  Richard Red, Anita Bilos, Sara Wilkinson & Karl-Werner Schulte, (2009). “Identification of the Greenship Professional Competence on Green Building Project”. Volume No. 1, P.P 1-22  Herry Pintardi Chandra & Paulus Nugraha, (2014). “Perceptions of Contractors & Consultants toward Application of Greenship Rating Tools on Apartment Buildings in Surabaya”. IPTEK, the Journal for Technology & Science, Volume 25, P.P 1-6.
Concrete is a composite material obtained by mixing cement, sand, aggregates with water in suitable proportions. Concrete after mixing has to be transported at the final positions before setting takes place. Placing of concrete at its final position by keeping properties of plastic concrete intact is most important, as the quality of concrete depends of placing, at most care is needed. There are number of equipment’s used for transportation and placing of concrete. In case of high rise structures and mass concreting works continuous flow of concrete at the desired height is essential, in such situations pumping concrete by concrete pumps is a common solution. Concrete pumps are the versatile equipment’s having number of advantages. Since the concrete is placed under pressure no segregation, bleeding takes place, honeycombing is avoided so superior fishing quality of the concrete product is possible. With proper utilization of resources, speed and economy in concreting can be achieved. The timely completion of the project and reduction in site overheads helps in improved cash flow.
Keywords : Concrete, Quality Control, Pipeline, Placing, Torque, Agitation, Segregation, Bleeding
 A text book of Concrete Technology by Prof. M. S. Sheety-S. Chand & Company publication.  A text book of Concrete Technology by A.M. Neville & J.J.Brooks Pearson publication  Ambuja cements technical literature series.  Review paper on “Metrology Needs for Predicting Concrete Pump ability” by Myoungsung Choi, Chiara F. Ferraris, Nicos S. Martys & others  PN11172 Concrete Pumping Code of Practice 2005 Image Sources  https://www. costructionreviewonline.com
This paper discuss about the removal of ice or snow formation from the pavements, airport runways, parking garages and the building roof etc..,. Through the de-Icing concrete the conventional concrete containing a certain amount of electrically conductive components (steel scraps, graphite powder and copper mesh) to induce electrical conductivity in concrete and generate heat for melting the ice or snow on the surfaces by using this concrete.
Keywords : Deicing, Graphite Powder, Copper Mesh, Conductive.
 Christopher Y. Tuan,July 2004 CONDUCTIVE CONCRETE FOR BRIDGE DECK DEICING AND ANTI-ICING a Final Report Submitted to Nebraska Department of Roads For Project No. SPR-PL-1(037) P512 Associate Professor of Civil Engineering University of Nebraska-Lincoln.  Sherif yehia, October 2008 “Electrically conductive concrete proves effective as bridge De-icer.”  Tuan Christopher Y. March 2008. “Roca Spur Bridge: The Implementation of an Innovative Deicing Technology.” Journal of Cold Regions Engineering (U. of Nebraska). Volume 22 Issue 1, 1-15.  Tuan, Christopher Y. 2004. “Electrical Resistance Heating of Conductive concrete Containing Steel Fibers and Shavings.” ACI Materials Journal, V. 101, No. 1. 65-71.  HOU Zuoful et al, 2009. “Electrical Conductivity of the Carbon Fiber Conductive Concrete” (1.School of Sciences, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; 2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023, China).  Eric S. Sumsion et al, July 2013. “PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL EFFECTS OF DEICERS ON CONCRETE PAVEMENT” Prepared For Utah Department of Transportation Research Division by Brigham Young University Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering  K.Venkatraman et al, August 2015. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization) Vol. 4, Issue 8, “Electrically Conductive Concrete”  Adkins, D. F., and Christiansen, V. T., “Freeze-Thaw Deterioration of Concrete Pavements,” Journal of Material in Civil Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, May 1989, pp. 97104.  Properties of electrical conductive concrete Published in Construction Canada, v. 98, no. 1, Jan./Feb., 1998, pp. 28-29  Layssi, Hamed, et al.Electrical Resistivity of Concrete.Concrete International 37(5): 2015.  Elkey, W., and Sellevold, E.J. 1995.Electrical Resistivity of Concrete, Norwegian Road Research Laboratory, Oslo, Norway. p. 33
In Everyday life, everyone has to manage their finances one way or the other. People spend all kinds of amounts on things they need and things they don’t. An application which could record all the trades would simplify the lives of everyone while also providing a clear indication in which area they could “cut costs”. This paper describes about the development of one such application and how it could be of use to the people. The application will record all the transactions and provide a clearer idea of the user’s expenses. It will also allow the user to manage expenses by setting goals for themselves. It will also combine all the mandatory monthly expenses like electric bill, gas bill, water bill, etc. and provide the information in a very clean manner. The paper also describes the technologies and tools used in developing the application like Android Studio and such.
Keywords : Android App, Budget Management, Finances, Household, Savings
 Supun Tiptipakorn, Wei-Jen Lee, Li Wang, “Enabling Customer demand and Budget management in Real Time Pricing Environment”  Li Xiaojun, Shuai Zhaoqian “The Design and Implementation of Comprehensive Budget Management System.”, Journal. Book References  Hello, Android  Firebase Essentials-Android Edition  XML in a Nutshell  Think Java  How to Manage Your Money When You Don’t Have Any Website References  https://www.w3schools.com/sql/  https://www.codecademy.com/android-apps-2017  hackr.io/tutorials/learn-firebase  hackr.io/tutorials/learn-android-development
As the name suggests Zero Energy Building it is also known as Zero Net Energy Building, which means that the building that generates as much energy through renewable sources as much as it consumes from the grid. The concept of zero energy building [ZEB] has gained wide international attention during last few years and is now seen as the future target of the designs of buildings. However, before being, fully implemented in the national building codes and international standards, as the concept of zero energy building has been put forth for the Pimpri Chinchwad Polytechnic to reduce its energy consumption [electricity] and also the result for this implementation will be as follows:- High efficiency level - The acceptable renewable energy supply option - Use of natural resources.
Keywords : Solar Panels, Energy Consumption, Structure, Environment, Pollution
 http://www.energy.gov  ZERO ENERGY BUILDING – Green Building Council Finland (pdf)  Zero Energy Building – NREL  www.sciencedirect.com  City of Boulder. (2006) Solar Access Guide, Building Services Center, Boulder, Colorado http://joomla.ci.boulder.co.us/files/PDS/codes/solrshad.pdf, last accessed May 2006.  ASHRAE. (2001). ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2001 Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential. Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers  https://www.bdcnetwork.com/  https://www.researchgate.net/.../273579046  Architecture 2030. (n.d.).Advancing Net Zero Worldwide. Retrieved from  http://architecture2030.org/advancing-net-zero-worldwide/
In the current world, energy production systems are becoming the outright necessity. On one side, non-renewable energy sources are depleting the world’s environment and becoming exhaustible over time. So there is profound need to have renewable energy sources at use. Solar energy, among other renewable energy resources, is propitious and ever-lasting energy source which can handle prolonged issues of energy crisis. There is also a basic necessity for having energy production system that provides transparency for end-users. This has resulted in uttermost necessity to have a prolific renewable energy system that provides supervisory viability to monitor the system. In this project, we propose beneficial methodology to draft a system that provides tracking solar panel which moves along the motion of the sun throughout the day. Transparency of this system is provided by implementing Internet of Things to monitor the system’s environmental status time to time online.
Keywords : Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Solar Panel, Internet of Things, Embedded Systems
 Yusuf Abdullahi Badamasi, “The Working Principle of an Arduino,” 2014.  Loredana Cristaldi, Marco Faifer, Marco Rossi, and Ferdinanda Ponci, “A Simple Photovoltaic Panel Model: Characterization Procedure and Evaluation of the Role of Environmental Measurements,” IEEE 2012.  Bruno Dorsemaine, Jean-Philippe Gaulier, Jean-Philippe Wary and Nizar Khier, Pascal Urien, “Internet of Things: a definition and taxonomy,” 2015.  Julakanti Satheesh Reddy, Abanishwar Chakraborti, Bikram Das, " Implementation and Practical Evaluation of an Automatic Solar Tracking System for Different Weather Conditions,” 2016.  Haaris Rasool, Abdul Mutal, Aazim Rasool, Waqar Ahmad, Ataul Aziz Ikram, “MPPT based ASBC Controller and Solar Panel Monitoring System,” 2015.  Rahul Kumar Sah, Sushant Ghising, Saurab Dulal, Manish Karn, Suresh Sah, “Wireless Monitoring Of Photovoltaic Panels,” 2017.  Simon Siregar, Duddy Soegiarto, “Solar Panel and Battery Street Light Monitoring System Using GSM Wireless Communication System,” 2014.
This project is based on LabVIEW software using NI-myRIO and it is meant for low cost, small size and light weight unmanned ground vehicle .It is specialized in wheel structure and camera courage .the typical wheel design is used to cross the obstacles present in the path of vehicle and the camera is rotated with respect to the wheel direction .the camera provides image of the place. The gas sensor is mounted in the vehicle which is used to detect the gas in particular place. The arm is connected with the vehicle which is used to collect the sample in the particular place. It is used in military operations, surveillance and also photography .It is a modified vehicle so we can connect any instruments with NI-myRIO based upon the application.
Keywords : NI-myRIO, gas sensor, camera, arm, LabVIEW
 Wing-HuenIp, Jun Yan, Chun-Lai Li2 and Zi-Yuan Ouyang “The chang’e-3 lander and rover mission to the moon55” research in astronomy and astrophysics, vol. 14, pp. 12, 2014  S.Arunrajan, S.Nagaarjun, K.Prakash, R.Shivamanikandan, P.Thirumurugan, S.Sivakumar “ LabVIEW Based Surveillance Rover In Military Applications” international journal of advanced research in electrical, electronics and instrumentation engineering , volume o7 , issue 2 , FEB- 2018  AshiteyTrebi-Ollennu, P. Chris Leger, Eric T. Baumgartner and Robert G. Bonitz “ Robotic arm in-situ operations for the mars exploration rovers osurface mission” systems, man and cybernetics, vol-12, 12 October. 2005  K. Mohamed Hussain, R. AllwynRajendranZepherin, M. Shantha Kumar, S. Abirami “Control and interfacing of motors with ni-labvioew using ni-myrio” international journal for innovaoti[ve research in science & technology, volume o1 , issue 8 , January 2015  Kaichang Di A , FengliangXu A , Jue Wang A , SanchitAgarwal A , EvgeniaBrodyagina A , Rongxing Li A, Larry Matthies B “Photogrammetric processing of rover imagery of the 2003 mars exploration rover mission” journal of photogrammetry &remote sensing, vol. 63, pg no.181–201, 2008  Andrew D. Griffiths, Andrew J. Coates, Ralf Jaumann, HaraldMichaelis,GerhardPaar, David Barnes, Jean-Luc Josset and The Pancam Team “Context for the esaexomars rover: the panoramic camera instrument” International journal of astrobiology,vol 5,issue 3, pp 269-275, July 2006.  Bharathi. G1, Phanindra Reddy, M.Tech Iv Sem, Dept Of Ece, Rymec Bellary Associate Professor, Dept Of Ece, Rymec Bellary “Design and development of an intelligent dynamic path finding/survivallence automated guided vehicle using ni-myrio” international Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology ,volume: 04 ,Special Issue: 05 , May-2015.  Daniel M. Helmick, Yang Cheng, Daniel S. Clouse, Max Bajracharya, and Larry H. MatthiesStergiosI. Roumeliotis “Slip compensation for a mars rover” ieeeintelligent robots and systems, 2005. 2005 international conference on 2-6 August. 2005.  M. T. Lemmon, M. J. Wolff, M. D. Smith, R. T. Clancy, D. Banfield, G. A. Landis, A. Ghosh, P. H. Smith, N. Spanovich, B. Whitney, P. Whelley, R. Greeley, S. Thompson, J. F. Bell Iii, S. W. Squyres “Atmospheric imaging results from the mars exploration rovers: spirit and opportunity” science , vol 306, 3 December 2004.  S.Arunrajan, S.Nagaarjun, K.Prakash, R.Shivamanikandan, P.Thirumurugan “Space Exploration Rover Using LabVIEW” international journal for research , volume o3 , issue 12 , FEB- 2018
The 250 cc engine is well-known mechanical component used for power generation, but this is subjected to very high temperature and thermal stresses. Therefore cooling of engine is essential. For this purpose we have two options either we use Liquid cooling system or Air cooling system. Nowadays many of the automotive industries prefers liquid cooling system for higher cc engine but this system have some DRAWBACKS which can be overcome by using Air cooling system(FINS). An air-cooled engine dissipates unwanted heat into surrounding with the help of conduction and convection. We can’t increase conductive heat transfer as it is depends on properties of material used, but we can increase convective heat transfer simply by increasing area; therefore to increase area we use outward projections on cylinder called as fins. The main objective of this project is to design and thermal analysis of 250 cc engine cylinder fins by using different materials to replace liquid cooling system. The main purpose of using this FINS is to cool the 250cc engine cylinder by atmospheric air. But for thermal analysis of cylinder fins analyzing software ANSYS .we have to design whole complex 250 cc engine on designing software which is very difficult so a parametric model of engine cylinder with fins is created in 3D modeling software SOLIDWORKS.
Keywords : Heat Engine, Fins, Necessity of cooling, Selection of material
 Abdullah, H. Alyssa and Mohammed, Q. Al-Odets, “Enhancement of rate of Natural Convection Heat Transfer from a Fin by Triangular Perforations of Bases Parallel and toward its Base”, The Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 34, pp. 531-544, 2009.  Ashok Tukaram Pise., and Umesh Vandeorao Awasarmol., “Investigation of enhancement of natural convection heat transfer from engine cylinder with permeable fins” IJMET, vol.1, no.1, pp 238-247, 2010.  B. Ramdas, Pradip and K. Kumar, Dinesh, “A Study on the Heat Transfer Enhancement for Air Flow through a Duct with Various Rib Inserts”, International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, issue 4, pp. 479-485, 2013.  D.G.Kumbhar, et al. (2009). Finite Element Analysis and Experimental Study of Convective Heat Transfer Augmentation from Horizontal Rectangular Fin by Triangular Perforations. Proc. Of the International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering.  Golnoosh Mostafavi, “Natural Convective Heat Transfer from Interrupted Rectangular Fins”, MSc, Simon Fraser University, Canada, 2012.
In current scenario one of the major issue is power consumption. Also, with the use of refrigerants like Freon, Ammonia in air conditioning system for cooling purposes leads to harmful gas emission and global warming and other environmental hazards. These problems can be overcome by using thermoelectric modules. Efficient use of semiconductors can reduce power consumption thereby protecting the environment. These modules are compact in size, light in weight, highly reliable and no working fluid or moving parts unlike conventional systems. The need for different devices for heating and cooling is eliminated with the use of peltier module there by reducing cost and power consumption considerably.
Keywords : Peltier Module, Thermoelectric Module, Seebeck Effect, Peltier Effect, Thomson Effect
 Ajit N. Kumar ; Dr. Jitendra A. Hole ; “A Review on use of use of Peltiereffects” , International Journal of Science , Spirituality, Business and Technology , May 2014  Benziger B, Anu Nair ,Balakrishnan P , “Thermoelectric Air conditioners using peltier modules” , International Journal of Mechanical Engineering , May 2015  Maekawa, N.; Komatsu, T.; Murase, S.; Tsuzaki, M.; Iwamoto, H.; Okada, H.; Sagawa, M.; Inoue, H., "Peltier module for commercial use," Thermoelectrics, 1998. Proceedings ICT 98. XVII International Conference on , vol., no., pp.535,538, 24-28 May 1998 doi: 10.1109/ICT.1998.740435  https://books.google.co.in/books?id=U9g1DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT435&dq=thermoelectric+module-+peltier&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi2p-vZ7obaAhUaR48KHZCNBx4Q6AEIJDAA#v=onepage&q=thermoelectric%20module-%20peltier&f=false  https://books.google.co.in/books?id=knDn-mfg6vMC&pg=PA187&dq=thermoelectric+module-+peltier&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjshcCO8YbaAhWKMo8KHZVHAXA4ChDoAQgoMAE#v=onepage&q=thermoelectric%20module-%20peltier&f=false  Gurevich, Yu.G.; Logvinov, G.N.; Fragoso, O.A.; del RioV, J.L., "Lowest temperature at thermoelectric cooling," Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2007. ICEEE 2007. 4th International Conference on , vol., no., pp.369,372, 5-7 Sept. 2007 doi: 10.1109/ICEEE.2007.4345042.  Michael Ralf Starke, Thermoelectrics for Cooling Power Electronics, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville,2006  ChakibAlaoui, Peltier Thermoelectric Modules Modeling and Evaluation, International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume (5) : Issue (1) : 2011  Tsung-Hsin Hung, Construction and Analysis of Personalized Air-conditioning System, National Chin Yi University of Technology, Taichung City 41170, Taiwan.  Limei Shen, Investigation of a novel thermoelectric radiant air-conditioning system, Energy and Buildings 59 (2013) 123–132.  Hyeung-Sik Choi, Development of a temperature-controlled car-seat system utilizing thermoelectric device, Applied Thermal Engineering 27 (2007) 2841–2849  Judith Koetzsch& Mark Madden, Thermoelectric Cooling for Industrial Enclosures, Rittal White Paper 304.  ReinhardRadermacher, BaoYang, Integrating Alternative and Conventional Cooling Technologies, ASHRAE Journal, October 2007.
The main constituent for constructing a building is concrete and at the same time majority of waste is produced during demolition of building. Now a days construction sectors and manufacturing industries has increased the evolution of residues. On behalf of utilization of industrial waste as well to minimize the construction material cost, some materials can replace as the by-product of concrete. In order to reduce the dumping of waste, it can be used as a replacement material in producing concrete which will make the environment pollution free. In the field of civil engineering and construction materials it has been found that ceramic waste is one of the major waste material and become most effective research area. Ceramic wall tiles are used as building material in the field of construction. In this study, the Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) has been replaced by crushed ceramic tile powder of various percentage such as 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%. Concrete cubes and paver block were casted, tested and compared with conventional cubes and blocks by finding their compressive strength through experimental investigation. The test were carried out to evaluate the hardened properties of cubes and blocks for 14 and 28 days. The main objective of this study is to find the performance characteristics of cubes and paver block by using ceramic waste as a replacing material for cement.
Keywords : Industrial Waste, Ceramic Waste, Compressive Strength, Paver Block
 Subha Palaneeswari M, Ganesh M, Karthikeyan T, Manjula Devi AJ, Mythili SV. Hepcidin-mini review. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2013 Aug; 7(8):1767–71. ISSN: 0973 - 709X.  Das MP, Jeyanthi Rebecca L, Sharmila S. Evaluation of antibacterial and antifungal efficacy of Wedelia chinen¬sis leaf extracts. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research. 2013 Feb; 5(2):265–9. ISSN: 0975 – 7384.  Abdullah Anwar, Sabih Ahmad, S. Mohd. Ashraf Husain and Syed Aqeel Ahmad. Salvage of Ceramic Waste and Marble Dust for the Refinement of Sustainable Concrete. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 6 (9), 2015, pp. 79-92.  V. Ranga Rao, D.S.R. Murty and M. Achyutha Kumar Reddy, Study on Strength and Behavior of Conventionally Reinforced Short Concrete Columns with Cement from Industrial Wastes Under Uniaxial Bending. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 7(6), 2016, pp.408–417.  Fernando and Said “Compressive strength and durability properties of ceramic wastes based concrete”, Materials and Structures, 2009, vol. 44,page no:155–167.  Yadav Ishwar Singh, Maneek Kumar and Shweta Goyal, “Laboratory Investigations Of The Properties Of Concrete containing Recycled Plastic Aggregates”, M.Tech Thesis, Thapar University, 2008.  Eva Vejmelkova, Tereza Kulovana, Martin Keppert, Petr Konvalinka Michal Ondracek, Martin Sedlmajer and Robert Cerny “Application of Waste Ceramics as Active Pozzolana in Concrete Production” IPCSIT vol.28(2012) Singapore .  I.B.TOPU And M.CANBAZ, “Utilization of crushed tile as aggregate in concrete”, Iranian Journal of Science & Technology, Transaction B, Engineering, Vol. 31, No. B5, pp. 561565, 2007.  Electricwala Fatima, Ankit Jhamb, Rakesh Kumar, “Ceramic Dust as Construction Material in Rigid Pavement”. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2013, Vol. 1, No. 5, 112-116.