Archive

Publication for Volume-3 Issue-2, January 2018

Title
:
Floristic Inventory and Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Three Herbicides in South Gabon Olive Farms
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
Samson Daudet Medza-Mve, Université des Sciences et Techniques de Masuku, USTM-INSAB Gabon; Ayoni Ogunbayo ,Country Project Manager Regional Hub, West and Central Africa, BP 320, Bamako-Mali ; Julie Dumortier ,Université des Sciences et Techniques de Masuku, USTM-INSAB Gabon; Maurice Ognalaga ,Université des Sciences et Techniques de Masuku, USTM-INSAB Gabon; André Toussaint ,Université de Liège, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, 2 Passage des Déportés, 5030 Gembloux-Belgique
Country
:
Gabon
Research Area
:
Central Africa
This study was carried out on the site of oil palm agro-industrial exploitation in South-East Gabon. The aim was to evaluate effectiveness of three herbicides: Roundup (glyphosate), Finish (c) and Ally (metsulfuron methyl) on the weed flora. An inventory weed flora was conducted to estimate abundance-dominance, post-treatment patch coverage, weed recurrence time, and the optimal herbicide application rate. The results obtained show that the weed flora is composed of 22 dominant species, divided into 20 genera and 15 families. The three predominance families are Rubiaceae, Poaceae and Cyperaceae. A mixture of two herbicides, specifically Finish Ally (glyphosate-metsulfuron methyl and metsulfuron methyl), is the most effective, with 85% of weeds eliminated by day 30 and 74 days of recurrence.
Keywords : Glyphosate, Methyl Metsulfuron, Oil Palm, Weeds
[1]	N. Soltani et al., “Perspectives on Potential Soybean Yield Losses from Weeds in North America,” Weed Technol., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 148–154, 2017.
[2]	F. Nurdiansyah, Y. Clough, K. Wiegand, and T. Tscharntke, “Local and Landscape Management Effects on Pests, Diseases, Weeds and Biocontrol in Oil Palm Plantations-A Review,” Local Landsc. Manag. Biol. Pest Control Oil Palm Plant., p. 14, 2016.
[3]	F. Gillet, “La phytosociologie synusiale intégrée Guide méthodologique,” Univ. Neuchâtel, Inst. Bot. Doc Labo Ecol Vég, vol. 1, 2000.
[4]	T. Le Bourgeois, “Les mauvaises herbes dans la rotation cotonnière au Nord-Cameroun(Afrique)- amplitude d’habitat et degré d’infestation- phénologie.” 1993.
[5]	J. Salamero, P. Marnotte, T. Le Bourgeois, and A. Carrara, “Détermination pratique de 14 rubiacées, adventices d’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre,” Agric. développement, no. 11, pp. 68–76, 1996.
[6]	E. C. Pielou, The interpretation of ecological data: a primer on classification and ordination. John Wiley & Sons, 1984.
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[8]	P. Y. Kouadio, M.-S. Tiébré, J. N. Kassi, and E. K. N’Guessan, “Diversité floristique et déterminants de l’enherbement des bananeraies industrielles de Dabou au sud de la Côte d’ivoire,” J. Appl. Biosci., vol. 68, pp. 5404–5416, 2013.
[9]	C. W. Agyakwa and I. O. Akobundu, A handbook of West African weeds. IITA, 1987.
[10]	C. Carême and T. Saghier, “Conséquences de la nuisibilité des mauvaises herbes sur la production du blé d’hiver en Tunisie: les seuils d’intervention et la rentabilité du désherbage,” Tropicultura, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 53–57, 1991.
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[13]	A. Mangara, M. T. Kouame, K. Soro, A. A. A. N’Da, G. M. Gnahoua, and D. Soro, “Test d’efficacité d’un herbicide en culture d’ananas, à la station d’expérimentation et de production d’Anguédédou en Côte d’Ivoire,” J. Appl. Biosci., vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 7161–7172, 2014.
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[15]	C. Gauvrit, “The efficacy and selectivity of herbicides,” Effic. Sel. Herbic., 1996.
[16]	W. R. Harris, R. D. Sammons, R. C. Grabiak, A. Mehrsheikh, and M. S. Bleeke, “Computer simulation of the interactions of glyphosate with metal ions in phloem,” J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 60, no. 24, pp. 6077–6087, 2012.
Title
:
Strengthening of Automobile Chassis
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
Shivam Sharma, Government College of Engineering & Technology, Jammu; Sourab Gupta ,Government College of Engineering & Technology, Jammu; Hardik Jamwal ,Government College of Engineering & Technology, Jammu; Munish Singh ,Government College of Engineering & Technology, Jammu; Mr Sanjeev Gupta ,Government College of Engineering & Technology, Jammu
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Automobiles
We know that a chassis to an automobile is like a skeleton to a body. Chassis stiffness is what separates a great car to drive from what is merely Ok. Every chassis is a compromise between weight, component size, complexity, vehicle intent and ultimate cost. And even with a basic design method, strength and stiffness can vary significantly, depending on the details. This paper lists some techniques which could be used to further strengthen the chassis of a car. A stiff and rigid chassis ensures enhanced controlling of the vehicle along with imparting higher safety and comfort levels to the occupants. 
Keywords : CHASSIS, FLEX, ROLL CAGE, BARS, STIFFENING, SUSPENSION
[1]	http://www.timeattack.co.uk/chassis-stiffening-basics/#sthash.FHJfaUGw.dpbs
[2]	http://www.roadkillcustoms.com/hot-rods-rat-rods/Chassis-Stiffening.asp#axzz53uN0zvcN
[3]	http://www.moderntiredealer.com/article/311198/chassis-stiffening
[4]	http://www.eurocarnews.com/19/0/773/3611/2011-volkswagen-jetta-chassis-safety/gallery-detail.html
[5]	https://www.redline360.com/garage/what-is-a-strut-bar-and-how-does-it-work
Title
:
Review on Design and Development of PLC Operated Cutting Machine
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
Prof. Amey S. Shirodkar, Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering; Bhagyesh A. Vaidya ,Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering; Swapnil V. Sawant ,Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering; Pramod R. Shirke ,Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering; Rohit B. Mundhe ,Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Mechatronics
This paper reviews the PLC applications in the industry of cutting machines. This paper also reviews the PLC properties, different types of hacksaw used for cutting purposes. Today, there is lot of advancements in these fields as every industry is getting automated. For cutting materials for mass production conveyor systems are widely used. There are two types of conveyor: Belt type and Roller type. Feed of cutting materials is also done with the help of conveyor. Pneumatic System is used for smooth operation of hacksaw. 
Keywords : PLC, Hacksaw, Feed, Conveyor, Pneumatic System
[1]	Akhil Dixit, Rahul Mendiratta, Tripti Chaudhary, Naresh Kumari “Review Paper on PLC & Its Applications in Automation Plants” International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology & Engineering, Vol. 4 Issue 3, March 2015, pp: (63-66).
[2]	Pradnyaratna A. Meshram and Dr. A. R. Sahu “Design, Modelling and Analysis of conveyor system used for transportation of Cartons” International Journal of Research in Advent Technology, Vol.4, No.1, January 2016.
[3]	Rushikesh Gadale, Mahendra Pisal, Sanchit Tayade, S.V. Kulkarni “PLC based automatic cutting machine” International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research, Volume-3, Issue-3, March 2015.
[4]	https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacksaw
[5]	https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Programmable_logic_controller
[6]	https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conveyor_system
[7]	http://www.technologystudent.com/equip1/phcksw1.htm
Title
:
The Use of Plastics in Automotive Industry and Analysis of CFRP on Impact Loads and Energy Levels
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
Aditya Arvind Yadav , Sanjay Ghodawat Institutes, Atigre; Shantanu Shivanand Kulkarni ,Sanjay Ghodawat Institutes, Atigre; Anamika Mahadev Pol ,Sanjay Ghodawat Institutes, Atigre; Narayan Umakant Takle ,Sanjay Ghodawat Institutes, Atigre; Tanaji Balawant Shinde ,Sanjay Ghodawat Institutes, Atigre
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Automobile Engineering
Plastics find the major application in automobile components and the interiors and exterior furnishings. There are many applications of plastics in automobile ranging from power trains, under the hood and chassis. Polypropylene (PP) is been widely used in the automobile sector in recent years. Polyurethane (PU), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and polyethylene (PE) are the major plastics used that have been great demand in automobile engineering. But after certain period these plastics begin the degradation process, thus the use of the reinforced plastic is been on the large scale. These reinforced plastics are degradable in nature. Its high time need to test the reinforced plastic under impact load and energy levels.
Keywords : Impact, Fibre, Reinforced Plastic
[1]	“Analysis of Automotive materials on impact test and energy levels” by Aditya Yadav, Prashant M Sagare volume 5, Issue 4, Decemeber 2017, ISSN 2347-4718 page no.3048 to 3051.
[2]	“Analysis of Corrugated Metal sheet roofing on impact loads and energy levels for building constructions. Volume 5, Issue 4, Decemeber 2017, ISSN 2347-4718. Page no.3044 to 3047.
[3]	“Design and Analysis of car bumper of various thickness” by Bilal Abdullah Baig and Hakimuddin Hussain ISSN 2321-0613.
[4]	Plastic Processing for the Automotive Engineer: Society of Automotive Engineers: 1967, 29P.
[5]	Automotive Engineering: Society of Automotive Engineers: V80 no-2-V105: Nov 1972- Dec 1997
[6]	“Plastics bounces Back in Automotive Fuel Tank”: Automotive News Jan 301995.
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