Archive

Publication for Volume-3 Issue-1, December 2017

Title
:
Walking Stick with OPCFD System
Article Type
:
Other
Author Name(s)
:
Karthick Palanisamy, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology; Arunkumar K ,Bannari Amman Institute of Technology; Bhuvaneshwaran P ,Bannari Amman Institute of Technology; Naveenkumar S ,Bannari Amman Institute of Technology; Dhamodharan M ,Bannari Amman Institute of Technology
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Biomedical
 The visually impaired have to face many challenges in their daily life. The problem gets worse when there is an obstacle in front of them. They feel difficulties Blind stick is an innovative stick designed for visually disabled people for improved navigation. To overcome all these problems of blind people, we are developing a walking cane with OPCFD system by using simple available technologies. OPCFD system which means it can detect obstacles, pits, ceilings and fire .This walking stick for blind people has multiple sensors, with the help of which it has been possible to enhance more features to the walking stick. The features are to detect the obstacle for collision avoidance, it detects the object in directions up, down and front. The other sensor placed near bottom tip of the walking cane to find the pits on the ground. Temperature sensor to detect temperature of the surroundings and wheel with generator connected to end of the walking cane while walking due to the rotation of the wheel it produce some current.In this project, sensors play a key role to detect the objects in all directions and thus help blind people to be independent.	
Keywords : Walking Stick, Ultrasonic Sensors, Atmega Microcontroller, Temperature Sensors, Vibration Output
[1]	Abdel Ilah Nour Alshbatat, 2013. "Automated Mobility and Orientation System for Blind or Partially Sighted People", International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, 6: 2.
[2]	Ayat, A. Nada, Mahmoud A. Fakhr, Ahmed F. Seddik, 2015. "Assistive infrared sensor based smart stick for blind people" Science and Information Conference.
[3]	Kher Chaitrali, S., A. DabhadeYogita, K. KadamSnehal, D. Dhamdhere Swati, V. Deshpande Aarti, 2015. “An Intelligent Walking Stick for the Blind” International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science., 3(1): 1057-1062.
[4]	Mohit Saraf, Mohd Shehzad and Neeraj Jadhav, 2014. "An IVR based Intelligent Stick for Blind", International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, 4: 3.
[5]	Pankaj Patil, Kunal Bonage, Bhimsen Gire, Pranjali R Phirke, 2015. "Voice Navigation Stick for Blind", International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 07: 01.
[6] Prasanthi, G., P. Tejaswitha, 2015. "Sensor assisted stick for the blind people", Transactions on Engineering and Sciences, 3: 1. Rohit Sheth, Surabhi Rajandekar, Shalaka Laddha, Rahul Chaudhari, 2014. "Smart White Cane – An Elegant and Economic Walking Aid", American Journal of Engineering Research, 3(10): 84-84.
[7] Sangami, A., M. Kavithra, K. Rubina, S. Sivaprakasam, 2015. "Obstacle Detection and Location Finding For Blind People", International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, 3(2): 119-123.
[8]	Shashank Chaurasia and K.V.N. Kavitha, 2014. "AN Electronic Walking Stick for Blinds", IEEE International Conference on Information Communication and Embedded Systems. Shruti Dambhare, A. Sakhare, 2011. “Smart stick for blind obstacle Detection, Artificial vision and Real-time assistance via GPS.”IJCA.
Title
:
Experimental Study of Melting and Solidification of Paraffin Wax with dispersion of Al2O3 in Rectangular Enclosure
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
R. R. Jadhav, PES’s MCOE shivaji Nagar, pune; S. Y. Bhosale ,PES’s MCOE shivaji Nagar, pune; A. V. Waghmare ,PES’s MCOE shivaji Nagar, pune; H. N. Deshpande ,AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune; H.N.Deshpande ,PES’s MCOE shivaji Nagar, pune
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Heat Power
In this experimental based research work, the performance of Thermal Energy Storage System (TESS) during charging (melting) and discharging (solidification) processes were studied under varying conditions. The results from the CFD simulations for these conditions were published earlier. Here, the experimental results had been discussed. Paraffin wax concentration was varied to form the TESS. Al2O3 was included as nano-material with a varying concentration – 0% (Base Model), 1% (Variant-1), 2% (Variant-2) and 3% (Variant-3). It was observed that the Variant-1 had provided better performance for Configuration A under the heat load of 125 W and 175 W in the melting process. During the solidification process for the Configuration B, Base Model had better performance than the variants with nano-fluids. Results from CFD simulations as well as experimental procedure were in good agreement for this research work.
Keywords : TESS, Melting-Solidification, CFD
[1]	Sina Lohrasbi, Mofid Gorji Bandpy, D D Ganji,“Response Surface Method Optimization of V-Shaped Fin Assisted Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System during Discharging Process” Alexandria Engineering Journal, Volume 55, pp 2065-2076, 2016;
[2]	R K Sharma, P Ganesan, V V Tyagi, H S C Metselaar, S C Sandaran, “Thermal Properties and Heat Storage Analysis of Palmitic Acid-TiO2 Composite as Nano-Enhanced Organic Phase Change Material (NEOPCM)” Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 99, pp 1254-1262, 2016;
[3]	Nitesh Das, Yasuyuki Takata, Masamichi Kohno, Sivasankaran Harish, “Melting of Graphene Based Phase Change Nono-Composites in Vertical Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage Unit” Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 107, pp 101-113, 2016;
[4]	Saeid Seddegh, Xiaolin, Alan D Henderson, “A Comparative Study of Thermal Behavior of a Horizontal and Vertical Shell-and-Tube Energy Storage using Phase Change Materials” Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 93, pp 348-358, 2016;
[5]	Rasool Kalbasi, Mohammad Reza Salimpour, “Constructal Design of Phase Change Material Enclosure used for Cooling Electronic Devices” Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 84, pp 339-349, 2015;
[6]	J Vogel, J Felbinger, M Johnson, “Natural Convection in High Temperature Flat Plate Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage Systems” Applied Energy, Volume 184, pp 184-196, 2016;
[7]	Kamal A. R. Ismail, Fatima A. M. Lino, Raquel C. R. Da Silva, Antonio B. de Jesus, Louryval C Paixao, “Experimentally Validated Two-Dimensional Numerical Model for the Solidification of PCM Along a Horizontal Long Tube” International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Volume 75, pp 184-193, 2014;
[8]	D. Cano, C. Funez, L. Rodriguez, J. L. Valverde, L. Sanchez-Silva, “Experimental Investigation of a Thermal Storage System using Phase Change Materials” Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 107, pp 264-270, 2016;
[9]	Sivasankaran Harish, Daniel Orejon, Yasuyuki Takata, Masamichi Kohno, “Thermal Conductivity Enhancement of Lauric Acid Phase Change Nano-Composite with Graphene Nano-Platelets” Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 80, pp 205-211, 2015;
[10]	Ruilong Wen, Zhaohui Huang, Yaoting Huang, Xiaoguang Zhang, Xin Min, Minghao Fang, Yangai Liu, Xiaowen Wu, “Synthesis and Characterization of Lauric Acid/Expanded Vermiculite as Form-Stabilized Thermal Energy Storage Materials” Energy and Buildings, Volume 116, pp 677-683, 2016;
[11]	Reema R. Jadhav, Sameer. Y. Bhosale and A. V. Waghmare “Heat Transfer Enhancement during Charging and Discharging of Pure Paraffin Wax with Dispersion of Nanomaterial” International Engineering Research Journal (IERJ) Special Issue Page 788-792, Ju
[12]	Reema Jadhav, Prof.S.Y.Bhosale, Prof. A.V. Waghmare and Prof. H.N. Deshpande “NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF MELTING MECHANISM IN A RECTANGULAR THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE” JETIR (ISSN-2349-5162) August 2017, Volume 4, Issue 08.
Title
:
Emergency Pulse Rate Monitoring and Detecting the Location of Handicapped People
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
Aishwarya Bhise, SIT,LONAVALA,PUNE.; Rutuja Ghadge ,SIT,LONAVALA,PUNE.; Shraddha Fagare ,SIT,LONAVALA,PUNE; Smita Andhale ,SIT,LONAVALA, PUNE; Dr. S. D. Babar ,SIT,LONAVALA, PUNE
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Android application
The wearables have long been used in the healthcare sector, for example in hearing aids, in detecting health disorders such as sleep apnea and in detecting the blood pressure etc. As smartphones have become one of the necessary gadgets of our daily life we can use its potential to develop an application with the help of these devices to make the system easily wearable and mobile. This project describes the Android Application Which will continuously monitor the pulse rate of the user & collect the data. This data will be sent to the nearest people in the form of the text message as well as alarm generation just by pressing the smartphone screen for few seconds. This message will contain the pulse rate details and also changes in the location of handicapped people so that further emergency actions will be taken. The K-Nearest Neighbors algorithm will be used to find out the nearest people of the user. This system will be developed considering the handicapped people. 
Keywords : (K Nearest Neighbors) KNN, (Global Positioning System) GPS, Photoplethysmography (PPG)
[1]	Raluca Marinescu, Anișor Nedelcu, “Smartphone Application for Heart Rate Monitoring”, the 6th IEEE International Conference on E-Health and Bioengineering - EHB 2017
[2]	Jatin Arora1, Gagandeep2, Amandeep Singh1, Narinder Pal Singh1, Sarvesh S S Rawat3, Gurvinder Singh2, "Heartbeat Rate Monitoring System by Pulse Technique Using HB Sensor ", ICICES 2014
[3]	Xin Chen, Jian Weng, Wei Lu, Jiaming Xu, “Multi-gait Recognition based on Attribute Discovery ”, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2017
[4]	Salomi S. Thomas, Mr. Amar Saraswat, Anurag Shashwat, Dr.Vishal Bharti, "Sensing Heartbeat and Body Temperature Digitally using Arduino", International Conference on Signal Processing, Communication, Power and Embedded System (SCOPES)-2016
[5]	Aileni Raluca Maria1, Sever Pasca1, Rodica Strungaru1, “Heart Rate Monitoring by using Non-invasive Wearable Sensor”, The 6th IEEE International Conference on E-Health and Bioengineering - EHB 2017
[6]	Ramyar Saeedi∗, Navid Amini† and Hassan Ghasemzadeh∗, “Patient-Centric On-Body Sensor Localization in Smart Health Systems”, IEEE 2014
[7]	Simi Susan Thomas, Viswam Nathan, Chengzhi Zong, Karthikeyan Soundarapandian, Xiangrong Shi, Roozbeh Jafari, IEEE Senior Member, “Bio Watch: A Non-invasive Wrist-based Blood Pressure Monitor that Incorporates Training Techniques for Posture and Subject Variability ”, JBHI-00094-2015
[8]	Fariha Naaz, Nirmal Singh Grewal, "A SoC based wearable system for Continuous Blood Pressure Measurement", IEEE 2016
Title
:
Forging Defects Analysis in Suspension Arm and Product Development
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
Mr. Jadhav Vijay Baban, Jspm'sBhagwant Institute of Technology, Barshi; Prof. Mundhe V. L ,Jspm'sBhagwant Institute of Technology, Barshi; Mr. Sabale Amol Dnyandeo ,Shree samarth polytechnic ; Mr. Walunj Abhimanyu Arjun ,Shree samarth polytechnic
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Forging Wastage
Forging process commonly used in industry and affected by the process defects like folds or laps, unfelling , cracks size variations prevalent in forging process. The Suspension arm are made by different material. The significant parameters such as stock size, cut length, cut weight, billet temperature. Forging defects of suspension Arm under different manufacturing condition successfully analysed by different total length of job and weight of job, rolled cross section job temperature of job
Keywords : Suspension arm, billet length, forging process defects
[1]	Vipan Chand and Dr.S.S. Sen (2014) “Forging Defects Analysis In Axle Shaft”, International Journal Of Advanced Technology In Engineering Science Volume No 02 Issue No 08.
[2]	Suraj Ashok (2015)” Designing a Forging Die for Connecting Rod” International Journal of Engineering Research and Application (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622.
[3]	Mahendra G. R. and Nilesh A.J (2014). “An overview of forging processes with their defects” International Journal of Scientific and Publication, Volume4 Issue 6.
[4]	Aju pius T. (2013) “Controlling Measures to Reduce Rejection Rate Due To Forging Defects” International Journal of Scientific and Publication, Volume3 Issue 3.
[5]	Chandna,P. and Chandra,A.(2009), “Quality tools to reduce crank shaft forging defects: an industrial case study”, Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering,Vol.3No.1, pp. 27-37.
[6]	M.G.Rathi and N.A.Jakhade (2014), “An Effect of forging process parameters on filling the job weight::An industrial case study”, International Journal of scientific and Research Publications, Vol.4No6.
[7]	M.G.Rathi and N.A.Jakhade (2014), “An Overview of Forging Processes with their defects”, International Journal of scientific and Research Publications, Vol.4No6.
[8]	Mathew, C.,Koshy, J.and Verma, D.(2013),“Study of Forging Defects in Integral Axle Arms”, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology, Vol.2No. 7, pp. 322-326.
[9]	Mr.Bhavesh V Patel1, Dr.Hemant R Thakkar2 Dec 2014 (Volume 1 Issue 7) Review of Analysis on Forging Defects for Quality Improvement in Forging Industries Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR) JETIR (ISSN-2349-5162).
Title
:
Role of Automated Testing Tools in Software Testing
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
V. Neethidevan, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Software Testing
In order to test software effectively use of automated tools is the best choice. Manual testing is a time consuming one and boring task. Eelier testing is done by manually with the input data. Now more complex applications developed and it needs a through testing. Testing phase of a software system consumes more time. So testing the software systems with automated tools means, more time can be saved and it improves the confidence in the software systems. This paper discussed about how to perform automated testing using Jmeter and how to do nonfunctional testing like performance testing, load testing and stress testing. It is a open source tool and it is used to perform various form of web based testing. The performance testing is ensure performance of our web site, when more number of concurrent users are accessing your system. With the performance testing, system throughput can be easily measured. [1]
Keywords : Software Testing, Automation Tools, Automated Testing, Manual Testing
[1]	Survey on Manual and Automation Testing strategies and Tools for a Software Application, Ritu Patidar , Anubha Sharma, Rupali Dave, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Volume 7, Issue 4,April2017.
[2]	Automating Software Testing Using Program Analysis, Patrice Godefroid, Peli de Halleux, Aditya V. Nori, Sriram K. Rajamani, Wolfram Schulte, and Nikolai Tillmann, , Microsoft Research, I E E E S o f t w a rE P u b l i s h e d b y t h e I E E E C o m p u t e r S o c i e t y,2008
[3] Effective Unit Testing Framework for Automation of Windows Applications, A.N. Seshu Kumar and S. Vasavi , V.R. Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada , Proceedings of International Conference on Advances in Computing pp 813-822.
[4]	A Brief Survey on Web Application Performance Testing Tools Literature Review , Isha Arora , M.Tech Scholar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering , PIET, PANIPAT, INDIA , Vikram Bali Department of Computer Science and Engineering, PIET, PANIPAT, INDIA
[5]	Ms. S. Sharmila1, Dr. E. Ramadevi2, “Analysis of Performance Testing on Web Applications”, Dept. of Computer Science, Vol. 3, Issue 3, March 2014
[6]	Bogdan Korel, Ali M. Al-Yami ,March 1998,ACM SIGSOFT Software Engineering Notes , Proceedings of the 1998 ACM SIGSOFT International symposium on Software testing and analysis ISSTA '98, Volume 23 Issue 2, ACM Press.
[7]	"Why Test Automation: Automated Testing Benefits,"
[8]	M. Rouse, "Automated software testing
[9]	"Why Automated Testing?,"
[10]	https://www.guru99.com/automation-testing.html
Title
:
Enhanceement in Thermos Flask
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
Tushaar Anthal, GCET,Jammu; Rakesh Sharma ,GCET,Jammu; Gushan Singh ,GCET,Jammu; Manzoor Wani ,GCET,Jammu; Sahil Padha ,GCET,Jammu
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Heat Transfer
In the modern world, economics of a product is of prime importance and so is the quality. The cost of a product depends on various factors such as process undergone, material, time taken for the completion of the product. The current model of thermos flask is analysed in terms of efficiency and cost; the authors propose a new model which is both cost effective and of good quality. This new model proposes a new low price insulating flask in the market. For this, aerogel blanket is used as insulating medium instead of vacuum, resulting in better insulation for a longer period, at an affordable price.
Keywords : Thermal conductivity, SS1, SS2, Specific heat
[1]	A.F. Hasobee, Y.K. Salman, Natural convection Heat Transfer inside inclined Open Cylinder, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 5(11), Nov 2014, pp.92-103.
[2]	Yunus A. Cengel, Heat and Mass Transfer, 5th edition, McGraw Hill Higher education.
[3]	H. Ishizaki, R. Taguchi, Zojirushi Vacuum Bottle Co.Ltd, Method of making a stainless steel vacuum bottle with a silver mirrored surface, Patent-US4856174 A, 15-Aug-1989.
[4]	M. Komeda, M. Fujiyama, Zojirushi Vacuum Bottle Co. Ltd, Stainless steel thermos bottle, Patent-US4427123 A, 24-Jan-1984.
[5]	A. Kitabatake, A. Kamata, K. Nishikawa, M. Fujiyama, I. Kawamto, Zojirushi Corporation, Vacuum-insulated, doubled-walled metal structure and methods for its production, Patent-US4997124A, 5-Mar-1991.
[6]	F.P. Incropera, D.P. Dewitt, Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer, 7th edition, New York/USA: J. Wiley & Sons
[7]	Warren M. Rohsenow, James P. Hartnett, Y.I. Cho, Handbook of heat transfer, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill
[8]	Frank Kreith, R.J. Manglik, Mark S. Bohn, Principles of Heat Transfer, 7th edition, Cengage Learning Inc.
[9]	J.P. Holman, Experimental methods for engineers, 8th edition, McGraw-Hill series in Mechanical Engineering, 2011.
[10]	Ashish Kumar, Dr. Ajeet Kumar Rai and Vivek Sachan, An Experimental Study of Heat Transfer In a Corrugated Plate Heat Exchanger, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering & Technology, 5(9), 2014, pp. 286 - 292.
Title
:
Assessment of Heat and Fluid Flow Enhancement over Heated Perforated Ribs: Review
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
Rishav Arora, GCET JAMMU; Shivanchal Sharma ,GCET JAMMU; Akshay Sharma ,GCET JAMMU; Amanish Sharma ,GCET JAMMU
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Heat Transfer
This paper presents a review on heat and fluid flow enhancement in an adiabatic channel over heated perforated ribs using pulsating flow methodology. A pulsating flow is imposed by an acoustic woofer at the channel inlet and a constant heat is generated at each protruding block. The impact of the important governing parameters such as the Reynolds number, the Nusselt number and the inter-block spacing on heat transfer rate from heated ribs will be examined in detail. The effect of pulsating flow on convective heat transfer from periodically spaced ribs in tandem on a channel wall has also been investigated
Keywords : Reynolds Number, Nusselt Number, Pulsating Flow, Amplitude
[1]	Sinan Caliskan, Senol Baskaya, Tamer Calisir, “Experimental and numerical investigation of geometry effects on multiple impinging air jets”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 75 (2014) 685–703.
[2]	S. Caliskan, “Velocity field and turbulence effects on heat transfer characteristics from surfaces with V-shaped ribs”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 55 (2012) 6260–6277
[3]	TabishAlam, “Experimental investigation on heat transfer enhancement due to V-shaped perforated blocks in a rectangular duct of solar air heater”, Energy Conversion and Management 81 (2014) 374–383
[4]	K. Nanan, “Investigation of heat transfer enhancement by perforated helical twisted-tapes”, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 52 (2014) 106–112
[5]	S. Caliskan, “Experimental investigation of impinging jet array heat transfer from a surface with V-shaped and convergent-divergent ribs”, International Journal of Thermal Sciences 59 (2012) 234e246
[6]	Uensal, B, Ray, S. Durst, F, “Pulsating laminar pipe flows with sinusoidal mass flux variations”, Fluid Dynamics Research, 2005, 37, 317 –333
[7]	Jeong Woo Moon, “Frequency-dependent heat transfer enhancement from rectangular heated block array in a pulsating channel flow”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 48 (2005) 4904– 4913
[8]	Tomasz Pałczyński, “A hybrid method of estimating pulsating flow parameters in the space-time domain”, Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing
[9]	Chao Dang, “Investigation on thermal design of a rack with the pulsating heat pipe for cooling CPUs”, Applied Thermal Engineering, S1359-4311(16)315460
[10]	Tsai-Shou Chang, “Flow pulsation and baffles effects on the opposing mixed convection in a vertical channel”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 48 (2005) 4190–4204
[11]	Channarong Wantha, “Effect and heat transfer correlations of finned tube heat exchanger under unsteady pulsating flows”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 99 (2016) 141–148
[12]	B. Farhanieh, C. Herman, B. Sunden, “Numerical and experimental analysis of laminar fluid flow and forced convection heat transfer in a grooved duct”, Int. J. HeatMass Transfer 36 (1993) 1609–1617.
[13]	J.S. Nigen, C.H. Amon, “Time-dependent conjugated heat transfer characteristics of self-sustained oscillatory flow ina grooved channel”, ASME J. Fluid Eng. 116 (1994) 499–507.
[14]	N.K. Ghaddar, K.Z. Korczak, B.B. Mikic, A.T. Patera, “Numerical investigation of incompressible flow in grooved channels”, Part 2. Resonance and oscillatory heat-transfer enhancement, J. Fluid Mech. 168 (1986) 541–567.
[15]	S.Y. Kim, B.H. Kang, J.M. Hyun, “Forced convection heat transfer from two heated blocks in pulsating channel flow”,Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 4l (1998) 625–634.
[16]	T. Nishimura, N. Oka, Y. Yoshinaka, K. Kunitsugu, “Influence of imposed oscillatory frequency on mass transfer enhancement of grooved channels for pulsatile flow”,Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 43 (2000) 2065–2374.
[17]	C. Loundon, A. Tordesillas, “The use of the dimensionless Womersley number to characterize the unsteady nature of internal flow”, J. Theoret. Biol. 191 (1998) 63–78.
[18]	J. Davalath, Y. Bayazitoglu, “Forced convection cooling across rectangular blocks”, ASME J. Heat Transfer 109(1987) 321–327.
Title
:
Optimizing Sports Coupe's Engine
Article Type
:
Reveiw Article
Author Name(s)
:
Sidhant Jandyal, GCET , Jammu; Vinod Sharma ,GCET , Jammu; Sourav Jandial ,GCET , Jammu; Navvivek Thakur ,GCET , Jammu; Mr . Sanjeev Gupta ,GCET , Jammu
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Automobile Engineering
This paper includes the methodologies to reduce some of the major concerns facing by AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY – (i) “FRICTION LOSSES ” in the engine , (ii) “WEIGHT” of the engine and (iii) “POWER EFFICIENCY” of the engine . We know that races are won and lost in the time lapse of “milliseconds” . Contributing factors for time lapse are – losses due to friction in an engine , large weight of engine and less power output from engine . For this we benchmarked between three sports coupe – (i) Cheverolet Camaro , (ii) Audi R8 and (iii) Ford Mustang . From the given three we chose Cheverolet Camaro . Our proposed technologies would make Cheverolet Camaro’s engine lighter , powerful and less losses due to friction ; theirby overcoming those milliseconds gap .
Keywords : Sports Coupe
[1]	https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twincharger
[2]	https://www.nissan-global.com/EN/TECHNOLOGY/OVERVIEW/mirror_bore_coating.html
[3]	http://blogs.youwheel.com/2014/05/30/nissans-new-engine-technology-mirror-bore-coating/
[4]	http://www.remchem.com/services/isf-process/
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