Archive

Publication for Volume-2 Issue-12, November 2017

Title
:
Synthesis of Bioethanol from Artocarpus Heterophyllus Peel by Fermentation using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae at Low Cost
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
M. Yuvarani, Dhaanish Ahmed College of Engineering; Dr. Scott Immanuel Dhas ,Dhaanish Ahmed College of Engineering
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Chemical Engineering
 The most common way to produce bio-ethanol is fermenting raw materials using suitable micro organism. For this fermentation process to produce ethanol from Artocarpus Heterophyllus which is generally known as jack fruit, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae is used as a micro organism. Saccharomyces is used to produce high yield of ethanol due to its naturally adopting property and its high tolerance rate of ethanol and chemical inhibitor. Ethanol, unlike gasoline, is an oxygenated fuel that contains 35% of oxygen, which reduces particulate and Nitrogen Oxide emission from combustion. Ethanol can be made synthetically from petroleum or by microbial conversion of biomass through fermentation process. The main types of raw materials for ethanol production using biological method are cellulose, carbohydrate and sugar. Ethanol production procedures from biomass which are rich in carbohydrates, consists of feedstock preparation or pretreatment, hydrolysis, fermentation and product separation and purification. In this work, jackfruit peel is taken as a substrate due to its high carbohydrate content. The essential hydrolysis and fermentation step, which provides fermentable sugar and ethanol, can be carried out by using enzyme or microorganism. This is carried out using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae generally known as bakery yeast which has been used traditionally for fermented food and alcoholic drink production.
Keywords : Ethanol, Artocarpus Heterophyllus, fermentation, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, micro organism.
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[2]	AmeraGibreel, James R.Sandercock, JinguiLan, Laksiri A. Goonewardene, Ruurd T. Zijlstra, Jonathan M. Curtis, and David C. Bressler, (2009) ‘Fermentation of Barley by Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Examination of Barley as a Feedstock for Bioethanol Production and Value-Added Products’, Applied and Environmental Microbiotechnology vol.75,pp 1363-1372
[3]	AnneliPetersson_, Mette H. Thomsen, Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, Anne-Belinda Thomsen, (2007) ‘Potential bioethanol and biogas production using lignocellulosic biomass from winter rye, oilseed rape and faba bean’, Biomass and Bioenergy vol.31 pp 812–819.
[4]	Annette Sorensen, Philip J.Teller, TroelsHilstrom, Birgitte K. Ahring, (2008) ‘Hydrolysis of Miscanthus for bioethanol production using dilute acid presoaking combined with wet explosion pre-treatment and enzymatic treatment’, Bioresource Technology vol.99, pp 6602-660
[5] Badger, (2002) ‘Ethanol From Cellulose: A General Review’, Trends in new crops and new uses vol.14 pp
[6]	Bruce S. Dien , Eduardo A. Ximenes , Patricia J. O’Bryan , Mohammed Moniruzzaman , Xin-Liang Li , VenkateshBalan , Bruce Dale , Michael A. Cotta, (2008) ‘Enzyme characterization for hydrolysis of AFEX and liquid hot-water pretreated distillers’ grains and their conversion to ethanol’, Bioresource Technology vol.99, pp 5216-5225.
[7]	S. Chongkhong, B. Lolharat and P. Chetpattananondh, (2012) ‘Optimization of Ethanol Production from Fresh Jackfruit Seeds Using Response Surface Methodology’, Journal of Sustainable Energy & Environment vol.3 pp 113-119
[8]	DuangjaiOchaikul, NisakornNoiprasert, WipawadeeLaoprasert and SasimaPookpun, (2012) ‘Ethanol Production on Jackfruit Seeds by Selected Fungi and Yeast from Loog-pang’, KMITL Sci. Tech. J. Vol. 12 pp 1-6.
[9]	Foo, B.H. Hameed, (2012) ‘Potential of jackfruit peel as precursor for activated carbon prepared by microwave induced NaOH activation’ Bioresource Technology vol.112 pp 143–150.
[10]	Itelima, A. Ogbonna, S. Pandukur, J. Egbere, and A. Salami, (2013) ‘Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Corn Cobs to Bio-Ethanol by Co-Culture of Aspergillus Niger and Saccharomyces Cerevisiae’, International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 4 pp 239-243.
[11]	Itelima, F. Onwuliri, E. Onwuliri, Isaac Onyimba, and S. Oforji, (2013) ‘Bio-Ethanol Production from Banana, Plantain and Pineapple Peels by Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation Process’, International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 4,pp213-217.
[12]	Jasvinder Singh, SaiGu, (2010) ‘Commercialization potential of microalgae for biofuels production’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews vol.14, pp 2596–2610.
[13]	Krishnan Vijayaraghavan, (2007) Desa Ahmad, ChristiantoSoning, () ‘Bio-hydrogen generation from mixed fruit peelwaste using anaerobic contact filter’,Bioresources Technology vol.13, pp 4754-4761.
[14]	Linde, M.Galbe, G.Zacchi, (2008) ‘Bioethanol production from non-starch carbohydrate residues in process streams from a dry-mill ethanol plant’, Bioresource Technology vol.99, pp 6505-6511.
[15]	Mazharuddin khan, M. Munawer khan, Naiman Ali Mir, (2011) ‘Production of ethanol by submerged fermentation from cellulosic substrates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae’, Trends in new crops and new uses vol.14 pp 4635-4640.
[16]	Oscar J. Sanchez, Carlos A. Cardona, (2008) ‘Trends in biotechnological production of fuel ethanol from different feedstocks’, Bioresources Technology vol.99, pp 5270-5295
[17]	Per Sassner_, Mats Galbe, Guido Zacchi, (2008) ‘Techno-economic evaluation of bioethanol production from three different lignocellulosic materials’, Biomass and bio energy vol.32, pp 422 – 430.
[18]	Patrascuelena, ‘Bioethanol production from molasses by different strains of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae’, Food Technology vol.3 pp 49-57.
[19]	piotrOleskowicz-popiel, PrzemyslawLisiecki, Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen, Anne Belinda Thomsen, MetteHedegaard Thomsen, (2008) ‘Ethanol production from maize silage as lignocellulosic biomass in anaerobically digested and wet-oxidized manure’, Bioresource Technology vol.99, pp 5327-5334
[20]	Ritslaid1, A. Kuut2 and J. Olt,(2009) ‘State of the Art in Bioethanol Production’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews vol.13, pp 2450-2469.
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[23]	RiaMillati, KeikhosroKarimi, (2007) ‘Overview ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials’, Bioresources Technology vol.32, pp 220-230.
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[25]	SininartChongkhong, BanchaLolharat,(2013) ‘Bio-ethanol from Prebiotic extracted jackfruit seeds’,Conference on Engineering and Technology vol.13 pp 1-5.
[26]	Suhas V Bhandari, ArunPanchapakesan, Naveen Shankar, H G Ashok Kumar, (2013) ‘Production of Bioethanol from Fruit Rinds by Saccharification and Fermentation’, International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology Volume 2 Issue 6 pp 362-365.
[27]	Tae Hyun Kim, Frank Taylor, Kevin B. Hicks, (2008) ‘Bioethanol production from barley hull using SAA (soaking in aqueous ammonia) pretreatment’, Bioresource Technology vol. 99 pp 5694–5702.
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Title
:
Secured Video Streaming and Video Sharing in Mobile Networks using Cloud
Article Type
:
Other
Author Name(s)
:
Kanimozhi T, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Cloud Computing
The tradition of videos over mobile networks has been increasing staggeringly in such however that the wireless networks cannot keep up with the rigorous traffic. Poor quality of videos (long buffering time, intermittent disruptions) are transmitted over the mobile networks owing to the restricted capability of wireless link and increasing traffic demand. Efficient video streaming and sharing can be achieved by using an AMES cloud framework, wherever a personal agent is employed to regulate the streaming flow with a Scalable Video Coding technique based on the feedback of wireless link capacity and prefetching the videos in advance to reduce the buffering time. In this paper, unauthorized access of videos uploaded by one user and other cloud service providers can be prevented by using Homomorphic and Incremental encryption techniques.
Keywords : Scalability, Adaptability, Streaming, Scalable Video Coding, Prefetching 
[1]	AMES-Cloud: A Framework of Adaptive Mobile Video Streaming and Efficient Social Video Sharing in the Clouds Xiaofei Wang, Student Member, IEEE, Min Chen,Senior Member, IEEE, Ted “Taekyoung” Kwon, Senior Member, IEEE, Laurence T. Yang, Senior Member, IEEE, Victor C.M. Leung, Fellow, IEEECISCO.
[2]	“Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update, 2011-2016,” Tech. Rep., 2012.Y. Li, Y. Zhang, and R. Yuan, “Measurement and Analysis of a Large Scale Commercial Mobile Internet TV System,” in ACM IMC, pp. 209–224, 2011.
[3]	T. Taleb and K. Hashimoto, “MS2: A Novel Multi-Source Mobile-Streaming Architecture,” in IEEE Transaction on Broadcasting, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 662–673, 2011.
[4]	T. Taleb, K. Kashibuchi, A. Leonardi, S. Palazzo, K. Hashimoto, N. Kato, and Y. Nemoto, “A Cross-layer Approach for An Efficient Delivery of TCP/RTP-based Multimedia Applications in Heterogeneous WirelessNetworks,” in IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 3801–3814, 2008.
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[6]	A. Nafaa, T. Taleb, and L. Murphy, “Forward Error Correction Adaptation Strategies for Media Streaming over Wireless Networks,” in IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 72–79, 2008.
[7]	J. Fernandez, T. Taleb, M. Guizani, and N. Kato, “Bandwidth Aggregation-aware Dynamic QoS Negotiation for Real-Time Video Applications in Next-Generation Wireless Networks,” in IEEE Transaction on Multimedia, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 1082–1093,2009.
[8]	Z. Huang, C. Mei, L. E. Li, and T. Woo, “Cloud Stream: Delivering High-Quality Streaming Videos through A Cloud-based SVC Proxy,” in IEEE INFOCOM, 2011.
Title
:
Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer Damping for Beams
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
G Selvakumar, Jay Shriram Group of Institutions; Sampathkumar N ,Jay Shriram Group of Institutions
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Vibration
Beam is basic components in industrial structural design whose damping properties are often very important to reduce vibration. Viscoelastic materials are generally polymers; there is enormous variability in the composition of viscoelastic materials. Rubber is a unique material that is both elastic and viscous. Rubber parts can therefore function as shock and vibration isolators and/or as dampers. In this research Butyl rubber is viscoelastic material which is acting as the damping layer, steel and aluminum patches are used as constrained layer. Here, change in length of patch and damping layer is varied for constant length and thickness of base layer. The lengths of patches are varied as 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. These patches also arranged in segment and hybrid. Two sets of specimens are prepared for aluminium and steel constrained layer. Damping characteristics of beam are determined by experimental and analytically by using FFT analyzer and ANSYS software respectively.
Keywords : Vibration, Damping,CLD, Length of Patch,Viscoelastic
[1]	Amichi, K., Atalla, N., & Ruokolainen, R. (2010). A new 3D finite element sandwich plate for predicting the vibroacoustic response of laminated steel panels. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 46(12), pp. 1131-1145. Elsevier.
[2]	Balamurugan, V., & Narayanan, S. (2002). Finite Element Formulation and ActiveVibration Control Study on Beams Using Smart Constrained Layer Damping (Scld) Treatment. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 249(2), pp. 227-250
[3]	Castel, a., Loredo, a., El Hafidi, a., & Martin, B. (2012). Complex power distribution analysis in plates covered with passive constrained layer damping patches. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 331(11),PP. 2485-2498
[4]	Dewangan, P. (2009). Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer Damping For Structural Application Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer. England: John Wiley and Sons, LTD.
[5]	Gallimore, C. A. (2008). Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer Damping Application for a Small Aircraft Landing Gear System Passive Viscoelastic Constrained Layer Damping Application for a Small Aircraft Landing Gear System
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[19]	Zeytounian, Rk. (2001). A historical survey of some mathematical aspects of Newtonian fluid flows. Applied Mechanics Reviews, 54(6), pp. 525
Title
:
Computational Analysis of Pulmonary Artery Stenosis
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
G Lavanya, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore ; R Rajeshwari ,Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore ; Mahalakshmi V ,Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore ; Srinithi V ,Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore ; Nivetha M ,Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Biomedical Engineering
The atrocious food habit and modern life style stimulate the prevalence of stenosis. Stenosis of pulmonary artery branches is an anomaly characterized by narrowed segments of one or more of the main or peripheral branches of the pulmonary artery. This narrowing may force the heart to pump harder, leading to enlarged heart and high blood pressure in the right ventricle and it results in heart failure and lung related disease like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To analyze deviations in pressure and velocity in blood flow, the artificial 3D model of different stages of stenotic condition in pulmonary artery is to be created using ANSYS 15 (Autodesk Inventor Software). Through this analysis certain range of pressure and velocity is obtained. This value helps in understanding the treatments suitable for desired stenosis condition. 
Keywords : Pulmonary Artery, Stenosis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases, Pressure, Velocity, Blood Flow, ANSYS
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Title
:
Finite Element Analysis and Experimentation of Carbon Fibre Chain Drive
Article Type
:
Other
Author Name(s)
:
Ms. Bhagyashri Hiralal Dhage, TSSM's BSCOER ,PUNE-41; Prof.Ajay Diwate ,TSSM's BSCOER, PUNE-41
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Design Engineering
Chain drives are most important systems used in industry to carry the products and to transmit the power. But limitation is the chain drive suffers premature elongation due to wear and so that the costs of production will increases and ultimately the cost of operations also increases. In case of power transmission chain, the major factor affected on failure of chain is tensile load. It will be helpful to reduce the cost and time of production related to chain assembly of above said industries. The power transmission chain is used to transmit the power which deals with different load conditions. This causes wear and tear of components of chains and hence unexpected failure and costly production.
In present work the study of different failures of chain links under different loading conditions using Mild Steel will be done. It was determined that maximum amount of weight of chain drive is covered by outer link and inner link. The chain is analyzed using Hyper-mesh and ANSYS software. The static loads are applied on the chain drive and analysis is carried out. The test is carried out to check the conformance of the existing design. The chain drive is optimized by changing it to carbon fiber material. Based on these results, best feasible design solution is proposed and validated experimentally.
Keywords : Finite Element Analysis, Chain Drive, Carbon Fibre Material
Basic
[1]	Nikhil S. Pisal, V.J. Khot, Swapnil S. Kulkarni, “Design and Development of Motorcycle Chain Links by Using C.A.E. Software”, International Journal of Scientific Research and Management Studies (IJSRMS) ISSN: 2349-3771 Volume 2 Issue 4, pg: 175-183.
[2]	Shrikant Annasaheb Choudhari, Prof. G. E. Kondhalkar, “Motorcycle Chain Analysis And Development by CAE Software”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, July 2016, ISSN 2321 3361.
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[4]	Mr. Brage Prashant Ravindra, Prof. V. H. Waghmare, Mr. S.D.Chavan, “Roller Chain Link Plate Design Based on FEA”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication, Volume: 2 Issue: 12, ISSN: 2321-8169.
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[7]	Jagtap M. D, Gaikwad B. D., Pawar P. M.” Study of Roller Conveyor Chain Strip under Tensile Loading”, International journal of modern Engineering research, ISSN: 2249–6645.
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[9]	Priyanka Nandkumar Velhal, “Experimental Stress Analysis and FEA Validation of chain link for 280 cc Drive”, International Engineering Research Journal Page No 847-855.
Website References
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Title
:
The Effect of Uneven Tension on a Surface of a Polymer and New Method of Determining the Line of Highest Tension
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
Krishna Poddar, Chinmaya International Residential School
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Mathematics
In this research I ventured to find a relation between the eccentricity of an elliptical droplet with the force it experiences on a polymer. All model of finding the force on a polymer assumed the force will be distributed equally across the polymer. However, in reality such idealistic situations are rare. Thus through this exploration a new method could be developed to first find the areas which experienced the highest force and the highest tension and thus are susceptible to break, and to find the mechanics of the water droplet and model the uneven tension as a vector diagram.
I conducted experiments to conclude that there is indeed a relation with the eccentricity of an water droplet with the force it experience and also that the major axis of the ellipse points towards the line of highest tension. These results show a very successful attempt to model such phenomenon. My results concluded that the total force can be determined with an accuracy of 2%. My final result was
F=e±2%
which sows the obvious and very strong relation between the force experienced by the polymer and its effect on the water droplet and how these uneven forces are able to attract the droplet in a manner which depicted the force itself.
Through this exploration, a new method of finding the mid-point of the ellipse with a general equation of Ax2+Bxy+Cy2+Dx+Ey+F=0 was also discovered which indeed presented substantial results and aided the whole process as it deemed to be a simpler and easy to calculate.
Keywords : Relation between the Eccentricity of an Elliptical Droplet with the Force it Experiences on a Polymer
[1]	Thomas, George B.; Finney, Ross L. (1979), Calculus and Analytic Geometry (fifth ed.), Addison-Wesley, p. 434. ISBN 0-201-07540-7
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Title
:
The Effect on the Properties of Aerated Concrete Developed by Partially Replacing Cement with Flyash and Fine Aggregate with Rubber Powder
Article Type
:
Research Article
Author Name(s)
:
Sarika R, Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam; Indu Susan Raj ,Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam; Dr. Elson John ,Mar Athanasius College of Engineering, Kothamangalam
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
CONCRETE
Aerated concrete is either a cement or lime mortar, classified as light weight concrete, in which air-voids are entrapped in the mortar matrix with the aid of suitable air entraining agent. Aerated concrete is relatively homogeneous when compared to normal concrete, as it does not contain coarse aggregate phase. It has many advantages when compared with conventional concrete such as reduced dead load, good sound insulation, considerable savings in material as a result of air voids with in aerated concrete. In this study aluminium powder is used as the air entraining agent. The focus of this paper is to study on the effect of properties of aerated concrete developed by partially replacing cement with flyash and fine aggregate with rubber powder. Rubber powder used for this study is made from used tyres of vehicles.
Keywords : Aerated Concrete, Air Entraining Agent, Aluminium Powder, Rubber Powder, Fly Ash
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[5]	Keun Hyeok Yang and Kyung Ho Lee. (2015). Tests on high-performance aerated concrete with a lower density. Journal of Construction and Building Materials. 74, pp. 109 – 117.
[6]	Rostislav Drochytka and Ester Helanovaa. (2015). Development of microstructure of the fly ash aerated concrete in time. Journal of Procedia Engineering. 108, pp. 624 - 631.
[7]	Alberto Sepulcre Aguilar, Javier Pinilla Melo and Fransisco HernandezOlivares(2013). Microstructural analysis of aerated cement pastes with fly ash, Metakaolin and Sepiolite additions. Journal of Construction and Building Material. ,47, pp. 282–292.
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Title
:
Mapping of XML Document and Relational Database (Using Structural Queries)
Article Type
:
Case Study
Author Name(s)
:
Pallavi Chikhale, Sinhgad Institute of Technology,Lonavala; Shital Harihar ,Sinhgad Institute of Technology,Lonavala; Vandna Adhude ,Sinhgad Institute of Technology,Lonavala; Prof. Prashant Raut ,Sinhgad Institute of Technology,Lonavala
Country
:
India
Research Area
:
Data mining
Now a day's, XML files are most vital facet of code trade. As a core normal, XML provides a solid foundation around that different standards could grow. Making DTD’s is possibly what the creators of XML had in mind after they known as it ex-tensile terminology. XML may be a file extension for XML file format accustomed produce common info formats and share each the format and also the information on the globe Wide internet, intranets, et al. victimization normal code text. XML provides regular thanks to describe semi-structured information. We tend to propose the propose methodology uses stemming stopping process in conjunction with tree structure. Performing stemming, stopping and parsing on that file, as per the tag file makes columns in relational database and insert tag information in the respective columns, all files saves in one folder. These embody consistency problems for mappings and schema, additionally as imposing tighter restrictions on mappings and queries to attain tractable question responsive in information exchange. The propose method can achieve better performance in decreasing of time and space complexities.
Keywords : XML, Relational Database, Time and Space Complexity, Stemming stopping process, Tree data structure
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